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Do you know that the newborn baby cannot see farther than a foot

Do you know that the newborn baby cannot see farther than a foot

Last Reviewed : 12/23/2020
Do you know that the newborn baby cannot see farther than a foot

The development of the eyes starts in the mother’s womb. The baby is completely in the dark surroundings of the womb, and the brain responds to this dark stimulus. But when the baby is born, the brain is suddenly exposed to intense light stimuli, and the immature brain cannot handle this difference so quickly. So the baby spends most of the time sleeping. The newborn brain is very immature that it cannot see more than a foot distance and cannot appreciate colors.

The new born baby’s eyes and brain start developing simultaneously. The center part of the retina,also called the fovea centralis where the vision is keenest, is very immature. It cannot see the images clearly. As the baby grows, the development of the eyes and brain also occur at a faster rate, and that is evident if we look at the milestones of the development of vision.

Here are few milestones of development of vision:

At birth:

The newborn eye cannot look at anything; in fact the baby can fix the vision at only a few inches.

One week old:

Now the brain starts developing, andthe babystarts perceiving stripes with a width of two-fifths of an inch and can fix the vision up to a distance of approximately four feet. The adult eye can perceive up to 30 times the width of what a one-month-old eye can perceive.

One month of age:

The brain is developedto the extent thatthe baby can fix the light stimuli steadily. The baby prefers to look at any object but prefers to look faces.

Three months of age:

The binocular vision is developed along with eye coordination. It means that theeye can follow a light stimulus like a torchor any object that moves in front of the baby’s eyes. So at this age, the baby develops its social smile. Baby starts smiling in response to a smile.

Four months of age:

The brain is developed and recognizes everything that an adult eye can perceive.

 

 

Reference:
  • Parsons' Diseases of the Eye.

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