Jock itch is also called as Tinea Cruris in medical terminology. It is a common infection seen in individuals who sweat a lot or if personal hygiene is not properly maintained. It is also seen when tight underwear is used round the clock without free air movement. Common symptoms of jock itch include itching in the groins and redness at the site of itching. Usually it is more red and slightly raised at the borders where the infection is spreading. There may be dry scaly skin as it starts to heal. It starts at one spot and gradually extends into the whole groin area and upper thighs. Individuals may feel embarrassed as it is constantly itching. It usually heals well with treatment. However, adequate preventive measures should be taken, otherwise the chances of recurrence are high.
Treatment for jock itch includes the following:
Anti-fungal powders and creams that are easily available in any pharmacy.
Wash the affected areas with soap and water. Then, apply anti-fungal cream onto the rash and beyond its edges. It takes about 2-4 weeks to heal completely.
Clotrimazole is the most common anti-fungal used in these topical creams. Other antifungals used are Butenafine, Tolnafate and Terbinafine. Sometimes, it is more efficacious when a topical steroid is also used along with antifungal, especially when there is lot of redness and itching. Topical steroid should be used sparingly and only for limited time.
In advanced condition, topical antifungal may have to be used.
Consult a dermatologist if the infection is not responding to treatment or if it is taking longer than usual for the rash to clear up.
Here are few tips to prevent Jock Itch:
Keep your groin, inner thighs, and buttocks (most commonly affected areas) clean and dry.
Dry your costume and shoes after exercise and shower.
Wash workout clothes, under wear, socks, and towels after each use.
Wear shower shoes in public and in locker rooms.
Minimize groin moisture by using white cotton underwear.
Wash clothes and under garments in hot water.
Always wear loose fitting underwear.
Use anti-fungal powder to keep groin dry.
Maintain good personal hygiene.
Prevent athlete’s foot (as it can spread to other areas of the body).
In conclusion, jock itch is a fungal infection in the groins. It is a common infection and usually not serious. More than anything else, itching can be embarrassing. It can be cured easily with antifungals. Recurrence can be controlled with preventive measures.