More and more tourists are increasingly adding India to their world’s best tourist destinations. No doubt, there are lots of interesting things about the emerging giant. Aside from snagging a conspicuous position as one of world’s leading countries in Information Technology and medical sciences, India is steadily repositioning itself to become the cynosure of all eyes. As a result, her tourism industry keeps getting the much-needed attention and support. So, if you wish to join the long list of people who wish to visit the home of Mahatma Gandhi, an Indian legal luminary, there are certain precautionary measures you should never ignore. The reason is that these precautionary measures will help you to stay safe during and after your visit to the Asian country. So, let’s unravel these health tips together.
Health Safety Tips
This article is discussed under the following sections:
Vaccine Preventable diseases: The vaccinations that should be taken before travelling to India are
Cholera vaccine: It is recommended by the CDC to the travelers who travel to countries where they believe cholera is still present. Though cholera is rare among travelers, it is very severe. It spreads by feco-oral route. Avoiding unsafe food and water and washing your hands can prevent cholera.
Hepatitis A vaccination: Similarly, Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended to most of the travelers. Essentially, hepatitis A spreads by feco-oral route and is known to cause infection among people those who live in standard itineraries and accommodations, visiting smaller cities and villages. Others who need vaccination include those who live in rural areas where exposure might occur through food or water as well as those who are prone to "adventurous eating".
Hepatitis B: This vaccination is recommended to most of the travelers, especially to the ones those who are at risk of exposure to body fluids (injection drug use and contaminated transfusions, exposure to human blood, contaminated tattoo and piercing equipment) and unprotected sex.
Typhoid: Moving on, this is recommended to most travelers, especially those who are staying with friends or relatives. You will also need it if you are visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where exposure might occur through food or water. Not to mention those who are prone to "adventurous eating."
Yellow Fever: On the other hand, yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Symptoms of yellow fever include fever, headache, jaundice, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. It is prevented by an extremely effective vaccine, which is safe and affordable. A single dose of yellow fever vaccine is sufficient to confer sustained immunity and life-long protection against yellow fever disease.
Rabies: Rabies is one of the dangerous infections found in India. Pre-exposure prophylaxis is indicated in the following individuals:
Travelers involved in outdoor activities such as campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travelers, and cavers
Activities that require being in close contact with bats
Occupational exposure like veterinarians
Long-term travelers and expatriates
Vector Borne diseases/Non-vaccine Preventable Diseases: Vector-borne diseases are a threat everywhere. Traveler’s kit should consist of antimalarial drugs, and mosquito repellents. Dengue is also a common infection seen among people living in urban and residential areas.
Japanese Encephalitis (JE) vaccination: It is also recommended to most of the travelers who are traveling to JE endemic regions. It spreads through the bite of infected Culex mosquito. Use of bed nets, insect repellants, and preventing outdoor stations for long-duration prevent JE.
Malaria: Vector-borne diseases are a threat everywhere. Traveler’s kit should consist of antimalarial drugs and mosquito repellents. Malaria is a serious concern, most especially that which is caused by Plasmodium falciparum. The transmission is due to the bite of female anopheles mosquito.
Chikungunya: Chikungunya is a viral disease (genus Alphavirus) which is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. India is an endemic zone for Chikungunya. Preventing or reducing its transmission depends entirely on controlling the mosquito vectors or interruption of human–vector contact.
Dengue:The risk of acquiring Dengue is more among the individuals residing in urban and residential areas. It is also transmitted by the bite of mosquito. It causes febrile illness among travelers returning from the Caribbean, South America, and South and Southeast Asia. It can be fatal also due to sudden drop in the platelet count.
Airborne or Droplet Infections:
H5N1 Avian Influenza: It is one of the dangerous flus reported in poultry. Fortunately, no cases are reported among humans.
Tuberculosis: Well, tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by the bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attacks the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body. Immunocompromised individuals are at risk of developing the disease. So, avoid contact with the persons who are having prolonged cough and fever for more than 14 days. Avoid overcrowded places. Lastly, vaccination can be of help.
General Instructions: Here are the general tips to keep in mind.
Eat and drink safely. Avoid cooked food at room temperatures and raw foods
Protect yourself from bug bites. Appropriate repellant can be used to protect from bug bites. Please note that DEET is the only repellent that is effective against tick bites
Use a bed net if sleeping area is exposed to the outdoors
Dress to suit the climate
Avoid over exposure to sun
Practice safe swimming habits
Staying hydrated, drink only purified water, and drink only from sealed bottles
Protect yourselves from germs
Travelers should avoid touching, petting, handling, or feeding animals, including pets. In short stay away from animals
Use a latex condom correctly every time you engage in sex (vaginal, anal, and oral-genital)
Do not inject drugs, not have tattoos, piercings, or other procedures that use needles (acupuncture) unless the needles are packaged new or sterilized. In short, avoid sharing bodily fluids
Abstain from alcohol
Choose safe vehicles and avoid motorbikes (when possible)
Wear a seatbelt or a helmet at all times
Do not drink and drive
Maintain your personal security and be cautious always.
Wrapping up, these are the lifesaving tips you need to enjoy your stay in India. Indeed, we have no idea what is taking you to India. However, what we do know is that you must prioritize your health. Your health must always come first because you need sound body and mind to make your visit to India worth the while. Just before you book that flight to Indira Gandhi International Airport, ensure that you understand these health tips and stick to the guidelines. When you do that, your stay in India will certainly be pleasurable and memorable. Lastly, don’t forget to share the gist with us! Have fun!