Adverse Effects of Energy Drinks

Adverse Effects of Energy Drinks

Last Reviewed : 01/05/2021
Adverse Effects of Energy Drinks

An energy drink is a nonalcoholic drink. Well, it includes main ingredients like high amounts of caffeine and vitamins. What’s more, stimulants present in them are guarana and taurine. It also has L-carnitine in amounts more than usually found in natural foods. In the 1960s, the Japanese were the ones who originally introduced it. But they gained popularity in the 1980s and 1990s in Europe. Nowadays, it has become common among young individuals. The mixing of energy drinks with alcohol is a common practice in pubs, clubs, and rave parties. These energy drinks are used to improve performance, making a person feel edgy and energetic. It has grown to be a big business now, with 30% of adults and 68% of adolescents consuming energy drinks. These estimates are only from Europe.

Relevant Research

Though energy drinks are used to increase performance activity, they are associated with many side effects. A study by the WHO, published in peer-reviewed health journal Frontiers in Public Health, says that energy drinks could cause public health problems. It was a narrative review conducted to find out the association between energy drinks consumption and health problems. The Organization tries to address the concerns of both the scientific community and the general public health. Researchers described various health risks associated with energy drinks owing to their high caffeine intake. Risks may also be due to the mixing them with alcohol.


Health Problems Associated with Energy Drinks

The health problems associated with energy drinks are mostly contributed to its high caffeine content. Potential health risks due to caffeine overdose may include palpitations, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, increased stress, restlessness, insomnia, stomach problems, high blood pressur , convulsions, and sometimes death. Other problems include obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular and neurological problems, stillbirths, low birth weight babies and miscarriages in women, poor dental health, addiction and dependence, and behavioral problems. Risks associated with mixing of energy drinks with alcohol can lead to loss of inhibition and may be related to decreased drowsiness due to caffeine. In the long run, the condition results in ‘wide awake drunkenness’ that causes the individual to become more aggressive and exhibit risky and dangerous behaviors such as violence.


The researchers conclude by saying that the health risks associated with energy drinks are primarily related to their caffeine content, but more research is needed that evaluates the long-term effects of consuming a common energy drink. The evidence indicating adverse health effects due to the consumption of energy drinks with alcohol is growing. The risks of heavy consumption of energy drinks among young people have largely gone unaddressed and are poised to become a significant public health concern in the future.

Though having energy drinks gives pleasure and improves energy, it is always advised to avoid them as much as possible due to several side effects inherent in them. Try to quit drinking them or at least try to decrease the number of drinks you have in a day. You can use different methods to boot up your energy. Exercise is one of them. Similarly, you can go on a walk, or any moderate exercise for half an hour a day can be energetic throughout the day.


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