STD means sexually transmitted diseases; they are diseases that are mainly – but not exclusively – contracted or spread through a sexual intercourse. They are also referred to as venereal diseases. In the world today, there are a number of STDs to look out for. It is even worrisome because some of these STDs cannot be cured. While some STDs are curable, there are a number of them that have no known cure yet. In this guide, you will get to learn about the STDs and how to protect yourself from them.
Do you know these incurable STDs?
According to World Health Organization, there are eight most common sexually transmitted infections. They are:
Hepatitis B infection
Herpes Simplex virus infection
Human Immunodeficiency virus infection
Human Papilloma virus infection
The first four of them are common and curable. But due to the emergence of antimicrobial resistance, it also became difficult to treat them. Well, the last four of them are common but no complete cure is available.
Breakdown of the Most Common STDs
Here’s a breakdown of the incurable STDs
Hepatitis B: It is one of the common STDs that can be carcinogenic. Hepatitis B vaccine is included in the immunization schedule, so that the bay is immune to this deadly infection since birth. It does not have many symptoms. Hepatitis B infection is not completely curable. Regular checkups and medications can decrease the symptoms. Also, immune system modulators and antiviral medications can help slow the damage to the liver.
Herpes: It is one of the most common, chronic and incurable STDs. Most of them are asymptomatic. Oftentimes, the only symptom will be the painful sores around the anus. It can manifest as genital warts which are cauliflower-like growth around the anus. Antiviral medications help in reducing the outbreaks and decreasing the levels of transmission from person to person.
Human Immunodeficiency virus infection: It grew as pandemic and many governments had taken initiatives to decrease the number of cases and further spread of the disease. The incubation period is too long up to 10-15 years. Modern medicine has come up with many antiretroviral drugs and designed antiretroviral regimen to decrease the load of the viruses in the body to improve the quality of life and prevent the spread of the infection from one person to another.
Human Papilloma virus infection: It is an extremely common infection. 9 out of 10 sexually active people will contract HPV infection from their partners. This virus is also linked to cervical cancer among women.
Long standing infection leads to
Modern science has designed a vaccine against most common strains of HPV. It is given to children.
To conclude,prevention is better than cure. Because these STDs are sexually transmitted, the best bet is to stay away from unprotected sexual intercourse. Admittedly, there are other ways of contracting these STDs, but abstinence from sex is the most trusted method of averting them. If you must get involved in sexual intercourses, it should be with your spouse.
Indeed, keeping multiple sexual partners outside of your marriage will heighten your chances of contracting the diseases. If the need arises, use a condom correctly while having sexual intercourse. Lastly, you must not use unsterilized objects to pierce your body as doing so will expose you the STDs. When you do all this and more, you wouldn’t have to worry about the aforementioned incurable STDs.