Zika Virus

Zika Virus

Last Reviewed : 12/29/2020
Zika Virus

Zika virus /'zi?k?, 'z?k?/ (ZIKV) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus. It is spread by daytime-activeAedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A. albopictus. Its name comes from the Zika Forest of Uganda, where the virus was first isolated in 1947. Zika virus is related to dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses.

The infection, known as Zika fever, often causes no or only mild symptoms, similar to a very mild form of dengue fever. It is treated by rest. Since the 1950s, it has been known to occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia. The virus spread eastward across the Pacific Ocean 2013–2014 Zika virus outbreaks in Oceania to French Polynesia, New Caledonia, the Cook Islands, and Easter Island, and in 2015 to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America, where the Zika outbreak has reached pandemic levels. As of 2016, the illness cannot be prevented by medications or vaccines. Zika may spread from a pregnant woman to the baby. This may result in microcephaly and other severe brain problems. Zika infections in adults can, rarely, result in Guillain-Barré syndrome.

In January 2016, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued travel guidance on affected countries, including the use of enhanced precautions, and guidelines for pregnant women including considering postponing travel. Other governments or health agencies also issued similar travel warnings, while Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, and Jamaica advised women to postpone getting pregnant until more is known about the risks.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information:

http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/zika-virus-symptoms-prevention zika virus

http://www.everydayhealth.com/news/10-essential-facts-about-zika-virus/ veryday health zika virus

http://www.livescience.com/53510-zika-virus.html live science.com zika virus: symptoms, risk, treatment & prevention

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/zikavirus.html medline plus zika virus

http://www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/advice/disease-prevention-advice/zika-virus-infection.aspx fit for travel zika virus

https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/arboviral/zika.htm winconsin department of health sciences zika virus

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/zika-virus/pages/introduction.aspx zika virus

http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/condition/getcondition/zika-virus-infection body and health canada zika virus

http://www.medicinenet.com/zika_virus/article.htm medicine net.comzika virus

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/magazines/panache/zika-virus-symptoms-treatment-prevention/articleshow/50769013.cms the economic times panache zika virus: symptoms, treatment & prevention

http://www.cigna.com/assets/docs/personal/zika-virus-flyer.pdf cigna zika virus

http://grandclassroom.com/destinations/galapagos/item/zika-virus-overview-2 grand classroom zika virus


Advanced information:

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/zika/en/ who zika virus fact sheet updated 15 april 2016

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/about/ zika virus

http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/pages/index.aspx european center for disease prevention and control zika virus

http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/diseases-and-conditions/zika-virus ministry of health zika virus

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/305163.php medical news today zika virus

http://www.uptodate.com/contents/zika-virus-infection-an-overview upto date zika virus infection: an overview

http://www.fda.gov/%20emergencypreparedness/counterterrorism/medicalcountermeasures/mcmissues/ucm485199.htm us food and drug administration zika virus response updates from fda

https://health.ebsco.com/dynamed-content/zika-virus dyna med plus zika virus

http://www.icmr.nic.in/zika/publications/zika%20%20virus.pdf zika virus p. shapshak et al. (eds.), global virology i - identifying and investigating viral diseases, doi 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3_18

http://www.bmj.com/content/352/bmj.i1049 zika virus bmj 2016; 352 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i1049 (published 26 february 2016)

http://www.dermnetnz.org/viral/zika.html dermnet nz zika virus



http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmra1602113 zika virus by lyle r. petersen, m.d., m.p.h., denise j. jamieson, m.d., m.p.h., ann m. powers, ph.d., and margaret a. honein, ph.d., m.p.h. n engl j med 2016; 374:1552-1563april 21, 2016doi: 10.1056/nejmra1602113

http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0004530 malone rw, homan j, callahan mv, glasspool-malone j, damodaran l, schneider adb, et al. (2016) zika virus: medical countermeasure development challenges. plos negl trop dis 10(3): e0004530. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004530

http://jvi.asm.org/content/89/17/8880.long biology of zika virus infection in human skin cells by rodolphe hamel et al., j. virol. september 2015 vol. 89 no. 17 8880-8896

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s0166354216301206 zika virus: history, emergence, biology, and prospects for control by scott c. weaver et al., antiviral research volume 130, june 2016, pages 69–80 doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.03.010

ku leuven. "experimental drug against hepatitis c slows down zika virus infection in mice." sciencedaily. sciencedaily, 17 may 2016. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160517094212.htm .

http://www.cell.com/fulltext/s0092-8674(16)30505-0 rapid, low-cost detection of zika virus using programmable biomolecular components by keith pardee et al., doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2016.04.059

http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2520467 the emergence of zika virus: a narrative review by kathryn b. anderson, md, phd ann intern med. published online 3 may 2016 doi:10.7326/m16-0617

sikka v, chattu vk, popli rk, galwankar sc, kelkar d, sawicki sg, stawicki sp, papadimos tj. the emergence of zika virus as a global health security threat: a review and a consensus statement of the indusem joint working group (jwg). j global infect dis [serial online] 2016 [cited 2016 may 19];8:3-15. available from: http://www.jgid.org/text.asp?2016/8/1/3/176140

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1201971216000217 review:rapid spread of zika virus in the americas - implications for public health preparedness for mass gatherings at the 2016 brazil olympic games by eskild petersen et al., international journal of infectious diseasesvolume 44, march 2016, pages 11–15 doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2016.02.001

http://f1000research.com/articles/5-150/v1 ekins s, mietchen d, coffee m et al. open drug discovery for the zika virus [version 1; referees: 3 approved]. f1000research 2016, 5:150 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.8013.1)

hajra a, bandyopadhyay d, hajra sk. zika virus: a global threat to humanity: a comprehensive review and current developments. north am j med sci [serial online] 2016 [cited 2016 may 19];8:123-8. available from: http://www.najms.org/text.asp?2016/8/3/123/179112

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0037-86822015005003102&lng=en&tlng=en rev. soc. bras. med. trop. vol.49 no.1 uberaba jan./feb. 2016 epub dec 22, 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0220-2015 review articles:zika virus in brazil and the danger of infestation by aedes (stegomyia) mosquitoes by carlos brisola marcondes et al.

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0100-879x2016000500201&lng=en&tlng=en braz j med biol res vol.49 no.5 ribeirão preto 2016 epub apr 29, 2016 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-431x20165420 overview:overview of zika virus (zikv) infection in regards to the brazilian epidemic by s.n. slavov et al.

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2014.00266/full mini review article:front. microbiol., 03 june 2014 | http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2014.00266 stress responses in flavivirus-infected cells: activation of unfolded protein response and autophagy by ana-belén blázquez et al.


Related videos:

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/zika-virus-could-spread-to-europe-this-summer-world-health-organisation-warns-a7035461.html independant zika virus could come to europe

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9pqgbu8bri zika virus

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zxhmmkmogf8 the devastating zika virus explained

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=julgn5xj5dc zika virus: what we know (and what we don't)

https://www.yahoo.com/katiecouric/zika-virus-explained-205659718.html zika virus

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3486643/zika-virus-linked-brain-infection-adults-experts-warn.html zika virus now linked to serious brain infection in adults, experts warn

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2016/jan/25/zika-virus-mosquito-bites-brazil-caribbean-south-america-advice zika virus: what travellers need to know


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.bbc.com/news/health-36320826 zika virus may reach europe this summer by smitha mundasad health reporter

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3596513/zika-virus-spread-europe-coming-months-who-warns.html mail online

http://edition.cnn.com/2016/05/18/health/zika-virus-low-moderate-risk-in-europe-by-summer/ cnn zika virus expected in europe by late spring, says who by meera senthilingam, for cnn updated 1610 gmt (0010 hkt) may 18, 2016

http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/new-year-new-public-health-threat/article8058917.ece the hindu new year, new public health threat

http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/zika-virus-becomes-global-concern-how-vulnerable-is-india-1271205 ndtv zika virus becomes global concern: how vulnerable is india?

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-01-29/zika-virus-explained-spread/7123596 abc news zika virus explained: what is it, where is it, and how does it spread?

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