whiplash-syndrome
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Whiplash syndrome

Whiplash syndrome

Last Reviewed : 12/29/2020
Whiplash syndrome

Whiplash is a non-medical term describing a range of injuries to the neck caused by or related to a sudden distortion of the neckassociated with extension, although the exact injury mechanism(s) remain unknown. The term "whiplash" is a colloquialism. "Cervical acceleration-deceleration" (CAD) describes the mechanism of the injury, while the term "whiplash associated disorders" (WAD) describes the injury sequelae and symptoms.

Whiplash is commonly associated with motor vehicle accidents, usually when the vehicle has been hit in the rear; however, the injury can be sustained in many other ways, including headbanging, bungee jumping and falls. It is one of the main injuries covered by insurance. In the United Kingdom, 430,000 people made an insurance claim for whiplash in 2007, accounting for 14% of every driver's premium.

Before the invention of the car, whiplash injuries were called "railway spine" as they were noted mostly in connection with train collisions. The first case of severe neck pain arising from a train collision was documented around 1919. The number of whiplash injuries has since risen sharply due to rear-end motor vehicle collisions. Given the wide variety of symptoms associated with whiplash injuries, the Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders coined the phrase 'Whiplash-Associated Disorders.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/whiplash/basics/definition/con-20033090 whiplash syndrome

http://www.medicinenet.com/whiplash/article.htm whiplash syndrome

http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/neck-strain-whiplash whiplash syndrome

http://www.spinal-healthcare.com/article.php?article_id=29 whiplash syndrome

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/whiplash/pages/introduction.aspx whiplash syndrome

http://www.healthline.com/health/whiplash whiplash syndrome

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/whiplash/article_em.htm whiplash syndrome

http://www.physioadvisor.com.au/9617350/neck-whiplash-whiplash-injury-physioadvisor.htm whiplash syndrome

http://www.healthdirect.gov.au/whiplash-symptoms whiplash syndrome

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/injury/shaken-baby-syndrome/overview.html shaken baby syndrome

 

Advanced information:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/306176-overview whiplash syndrome

http://patient.info/doctor/whiplash-and-cervical-spine-injury whiplash syndrome

http://www.physio-pedia.com/whiplash_associated_disorders whiplash syndrome

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/174605.php whiplash syndrome

http://www.advtherapy.net/html/whiplash.pdf post whiplash syndrome

http://www.udel.edu/pt/pt%20clinical%20services/journalclub/sojc/13-14/november/whiplash%20injury%20recovery-%20a%20self%20management%20guide.pdf whiplashinjury a self-management guide

http://www.focusondisability.org.uk/whiplash-information.html whiplash injury - a guide

http://nmtcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/whiplash.pdf acceleration-deceleration injuries: ‘whiplash syndrome’ by judith delany, lmt

http://www.blackberryclinic.co.uk/back-a-neck-pain/back-pain-causes/whiplash/whiplash-diagnosis-a-treatment?showall=1&limitstart= whiplash: diagnosis & treatment

http://www.backneckpaincenter.com/auto-accidents-whiplash whiplash syndrome

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0201/p478.html clinical and other symptoms related to whiplash injury am fam physician. 2002 feb 1;65(3):478-480

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/384562/whiplash.pdf ministry of defense whiplash

http://www.drweitz.com/scientific/whiplash.htm the mechanism of the whiplash injury

 

Research:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3217557/ annu proc assoc adv automot med. 2003; 47: 613–617.pmcid: pmc3217557 treatment of chronic whiplash syndrome with shoulder stabilization and brachial-plexus neurolysis by h. graeme french et al.,

http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/70/6/722.full.pdf j neurol neurosurg psychiatry 2001;70:722–726the late whiplash syndrome: a biopsychosocial approach by r ferrari, h schrader

http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/66/3/273.full.pdf j neurol neurosurg psychiatry 1999;66:273–276 a critical appraisal of the chronic whiplash syndrome

http://ceaccp.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/09/30/bjaceaccp.mkt052.full whiplash injury by alifia tameem, md frca et al., contin educ anaesth crit care pain (2013)doi: 10.1093/bjaceaccp/mkt052first published online: october 1, 2013

http://academic.regis.edu/clinicaleducation/pdf's/sensory_acute_hypersens.pdf sensory hypersensitivity occurs soon after whiplash injury and is associated with poor recovery by michele sterling pain 104 (2003) 509–517

http://josr-online.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1749-799x-3-25 subacromial impingement in patients with whiplash injury to the cervical spine ali abbassian and grey e. giddins journal of orthopaedic surgery and research20083:25 doi: 10.1186/1749-799x-3-25

http://janesvillefamilychiropractic.com/clients/19138/documents/whiplash-syndrome-fact-or-fiction.pdf whiplash syndrome fact or fiction? orthopedic clinics of north america october, 1988 vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 791-795 by stuart hirsch, paul hirsch, harlan hiramoto, andrew weiss

http://www.bcmj.org/article/purports-brain-damage-following-presumed-whiplash-injury purports of brain damage following presumed whiplash injury issue: bcmj, vol. 44, no. 6, july, august 2002, page(s) 303-306 articles by bogdan p. radanov, md

http://www.bjj.boneandjoint.org.uk/content/jbjsbr/85-b/3/408.full.pdf impingement syndrome associated with whiplash injury by s. k. chauhan, t. peckham, r. turner the journal of bone and joint surgery

http://www.nature.com/sc/journal/v37/n11/pdf/3100934a.pdf?origin=publication_detail spinal cord (1999) 37, 741 ± 748scienti®c review:the myth of chronic whiplash syndrome by jms pearce

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.3109/02813439109026597 gunilla bring & göran westman (1991) chronic posttraumatic syndrome after whiplash injury: a pilot study of 22 patients, scandinavian journal of primary health care,9:2, 135-141, doi: 10.3109/02813439109026597 to link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02813439109026597

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.603.9271&rep=rep1&type=pdf whiplash injury of the shoulder : is it a distinct clinical entity ? by bisalahalli narasegowda muddu acta orthop. belg., 2005, 71, 385-387

https://paradoxpublishing.com/assets/files/publications/articles/aja/vol-16-4-whiplash.pdf traditional acupuncture treatment for whiplash syndrome m.t. greenwood mb,bchir,ccfp,cafci,frsa l.a. leong, md,ccfp w.c. tan, bsc.,msc.,phd

http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/26/11/2194.long delayed onset of fatal basilar thrombotic embolus after whiplash injury by l. viktrup, md stroke.1995; 26: 2194-2196doi: 10.1161/01.str.26.11.2194

http://www.robert-tranter.co.uk/pdf/whiplash.pdf a review of the otological aspects of whiplash injury by r.m.d. tranter frcs fds tranter rmd, graham jr, a review of the otological aspects of whiplash injury, j forensic legal med (2008), doi:10.1016/j.jflm.2008.09.001

http://ofistema.com/pdfs_articulos/jbodyworkmovther2005_9(2)109-119[1][1].manualtreatmentofwhiplash.pdf manual treatment of post-whiplash injury by cesar fern ! andez de las pe ! nas journal of bodywork and movement therapies (2005) 9, 109–119

http://hw.haifa.ac.il/physical/hebrew/the_late_whiplash.pdf european journal of pain (2002) 6: 283±294 doi:10.1053/eujp.2002.0338, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on 1 the late whiplash syndrome:a psychophysical study by martina moog et al.,

http://www.tinnitusjournal.com/detalhe_artigo.asp?id=368 claussen c, constantinescu l. tinnitus in whiplash injury. int tinnitus j. 1995;1(2):105-114

http://www.inform.dk/numen/artikler/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/whiplash-observations-on-traumatic-stress-robert-scaer.pdf observations on traumatic stress utilizing the model of the "whiplash syndrome" robert c. scaer, m.d.et al,.

http://www.clinexprheumatol.org/article.asp?a=1559 a prospective cohort study of the outcome of acute whiplash injury in greece by m. partheni et al.,clinical and experimental rheumatology 2000; 18: 67-70.

http://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2094693 osteopathic manipulative treatment for facial numbness and pain after whiplash injury by josephine sun genese, do, ms the journal of the american osteopathic association, july 2013, vol. 113, 564-567. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2013.008

http://file.scirp.org/pdf/ojrad_2013123110532907.pdf open journal of radiology, 2013, 3, 222-230 published online december 2013 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/ojrad) http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojrad.2013.34036 assessment of the biological damage in whiplash syndrome: role of digital infrared thermal imaging (diti) and ultrasonography (us) by gian carlo parenti et al.,

http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/esv/esv19/05-0313-o.pdf a study of current neck injury criteria used for whiplash analysis. proposal of a new criterion involving upper and lower neck load cells. by d. muñoz et al.,

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/rerp/2012/528265/ rehabilitation research and practice:volume 2012 (2012), article id 528265, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/528265 research article:postconcussion symptoms in patients with injury-related chronic pain by britt marie stålnack

 

Related videos:

http://www.yourbrunswickchiropractor.com/brunswick-whiplash-injury whiplash syndrome

http://www.drbenchiro.com/selden-ny-whiplash-injury whiplash syndrome

http://painmd.tv/whiplash-injury/ whiplash syndrome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9cnrfj3rwe whiplash injury animation - everything you need to know - dr. nabil ebraheim, m.d

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pxibpsymple whiplash injury: the cervical acceleration/deceleration syndrome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ow6kaulmjia whiplash cad syndrome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nlmxnnd9-4g whiplash injury: how is it caused & what are its effects?

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://in.bgu.ac.il/en/fohs/communityhealth/family/documents/whiplash%20injury%20042314%20(1).pdf whiplash injury by steven j. scheiner, m.d.

 

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