Last Reviewed : 12/29/2020

Vertigo is when a person feels as if they or the objects around them are moving when they are not. Often it feels like a spinning or swaying movement. This may be associated with nausea, vomiting, sweating, or difficulties walking. It is typically worsened when the head is moved. Vertigo is the most common type of dizziness.

The most common diseases that result in vertigo are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Ménière's disease, andlabyrinthitis. Less common causes include stroke, brain tumors, brain injury, multiple sclerosis, and migraines. Physiologic vertigo may occur following being exposed to motion for a prolonged period such as when on a ship or simply following spinning with the eyes closed. Other causes may include toxin exposures such as to carbon monoxide, alcohol, or aspirin. Vertigo is a problem in a part of the vestibular system. Other causes of dizziness include presyncope,disequilibrium, and non-specific dizziness.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is more likely in someone who gets repeated episodes of vertigo with movement and are otherwise normal between these episodes. The episodes of vertigo should last less than one minute. The Dix-Hallpike test typically produces a period of rapid eye movements known as nystagmus in this condition. In Ménière's disease there is often ringing in the ears, hearing loss, and the attacks of vertigo last more than twenty minutes. In labyrinthitis the onset of vertigo is sudden and the nystagmus occurs without movement. In this condition vertigo can last for days. More severe causes should also be considered. This is especially true if other problems such as weakness, headache, double vision, or numbness occur.

Dizziness affects approximately 20–40% of people at some point in time while about 7.5–10% have vertigo. About 5% have vertigo in a given year. It becomes more common with age and affects women two to three times more often than men. Vertigo accounts for about 2–3% of emergency department visits in the developed world.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information: web md vertigo medline plus vertigo-associated disorders nhs uk vertigo - causes mayoclinic vertigo better health dizziness and vertigo health line allergies and dizziness: the cause and the treatment university of maryland medical center vertigo american speech language hearing association dizziness and vertigo,-nose,-and-throat-disorders/symptoms-of-ear-disorders/dizziness-and-vertigo merck manuals dizziness and vertigo live science vertigo: causes, symptoms & treatment health central vertigo very well six common causes of sudden vertigo


Advanced information: emedicine health vertigo medicine net vertigo medical news today vertigo: causes, symptoms and treatments medscape dizziness, vertigo, and imbalance patient vertigo health communities vertigo


Research: tasnim f. imran, sobia nizami, igor eyzner, et al., “vertigo as a predominant manifestation of neurosarcoidosis,” case reports in medicine, vol. 2015, article id 397046, 4 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/397046 stavros korres, linda luxon, paolo vannucchi, and bill gibson, “benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,”international journal of otolaryngology, vol. 2011, article id 353865, 3 pages, 2011. doi:10.1155/2011/353865

taneja m k. cervico-ocular reflex in cervical vertigo. indian j otol [serial online] 2011 [cited 2016 oct 14];17:51-3. available from:

parthasarathy r, derksen c, saqqur m, khan k. isolated intermittent vertigo: a presenting feature of persistent trigeminal artery. j neurosci rural pract [serial online] 2016 [cited 2016 oct 14];7:161-3. available from: asha annie abraham, anil markose p. “peripheral vertigo – a study of 100 cases: our experience”. journal of evolution of medical and dental sciences 2014; vol. 3, issue 27, july 07; page: 7421-7425, doi: 10.14260/jemds/2014/2913 co-morbidities of vertiginous diseases by jan c warninghoff et al., bmc neurology20099:29 doi: 10.1186/1471-2377-9-29 : langhagen t, albers l, heinen f, straube a, filippopulos f, landgraf mn, et al. (2015) period prevalence of dizziness and vertigo in adolescents. plos one 10(9): e0136512. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136512 sami ullah, satveer singh jassal. “serum lipid profile as an etiology of vertigo: a study”. journal of evidence based medicine and healthcare; volume 2, issue 36, september 07, 2015; page: 5747-5753, doi: 10.18410/jebmh/2015/790 mini review article front. neurol., 26 june 2015 | vertigo and dizziness in the elderly by lara fernández et al., diagnostic indices for vertiginous diseases by otmar bayer et al., bmc neurology201010:98 doi: 10.1186/1471-2377-10-98 original research article front. neurol., 28 november 2012 | and final diagnoses of patients assessed in an academic vertigo center by rebekka geser and dominik straumann clinical trial article front. neurol., 10 may 2013 | clinical and demographic features of vertigo: findings from the revert registry by sam agus et al.,

berisavac ii, pavlovic am, trajkovic jj, šternic nm, bumbaširevic lg. drug treatment of vertigo in neurological disorders. neurol india [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 oct 14];63:933-9. available from:

zhang l, yu y, yuan y, xu j, xu x, zhang j. microvascular decompression of cochleovestibular nerve in patients with tinnitus and vertigo. neurol india [serial online] 2012 [cited 2016 oct 14];60:495-7. available from: clinical practice guideline: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo by neil bhattacharyya, md et al., otolaryngology–head and neck surgery (2008) 139, s47-s81


Other helpful resources(support groups): vestibular disorders association


Related videos: vertigo excercises vertigo treatment with simple exercises (bppv) - ask doctor jo top 2 acupressure points to get rid of vertigo & dizziness - dr mandell what is vertigo & why do we get it? vertigo symptoms - causes, types, signs, symptoms, ecercises and treatment of vertigo how to treat vertigo


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles: the guardian everything you ever wanted to know about vertigo (but were too dizzy to ask) hindustan times vertigo alert: don’t ignore that dizzy feeling! scientific american ear implants could be used to relieve vertigo

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