Vertigo is when a person feels as if they or the objects around them are moving when they are not. Often it feels like a spinning or swaying movement. This may be associated with nausea, vomiting, sweating, or difficulties walking. It is typically worsened when the head is moved. Vertigo is the most common type of dizziness.
The most common diseases that result in vertigo are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Ménière's disease, andlabyrinthitis. Less common causes include stroke, brain tumors, brain injury, multiple sclerosis, and migraines. Physiologic vertigo may occur following being exposed to motion for a prolonged period such as when on a ship or simply following spinning with the eyes closed. Other causes may include toxin exposures such as to carbon monoxide, alcohol, or aspirin. Vertigo is a problem in a part of the vestibular system. Other causes of dizziness include presyncope,disequilibrium, and non-specific dizziness.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is more likely in someone who gets repeated episodes of vertigo with movement and are otherwise normal between these episodes. The episodes of vertigo should last less than one minute. The Dix-Hallpike test typically produces a period of rapid eye movements known as nystagmus in this condition. In Ménière's disease there is often ringing in the ears, hearing loss, and the attacks of vertigo last more than twenty minutes. In labyrinthitis the onset of vertigo is sudden and the nystagmus occurs without movement. In this condition vertigo can last for days. More severe causes should also be considered. This is especially true if other problems such as weakness, headache, double vision, or numbness occur.
Dizziness affects approximately 20–40% of people at some point in time while about 7.5–10% have vertigo. About 5% have vertigo in a given year. It becomes more common with age and affects women two to three times more often than men. Vertigo accounts for about 2–3% of emergency department visits in the developed world.
We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crim/2015/397046/ tasnim f. imran, sobia nizami, igor eyzner, et al., “vertigo as a predominant manifestation of neurosarcoidosis,” case reports in medicine, vol. 2015, article id 397046, 4 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/397046
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijoto/2011/353865/ stavros korres, linda luxon, paolo vannucchi, and bill gibson, “benign paroxysmal positional vertigo,”international journal of otolaryngology, vol. 2011, article id 353865, 3 pages, 2011. doi:10.1155/2011/353865
http://www.jebmh.com/data_pdf/sami%20ullah---final.pdf sami ullah, satveer singh jassal. “serum lipid profile as an etiology of vertigo: a study”. journal of evidence based medicine and healthcare; volume 2, issue 36, september 07, 2015; page: 5747-5753, doi: 10.18410/jebmh/2015/790