varicose-veins
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Varicose Veins

Varicose Veins

Last Reviewed : 12/29/2020
Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are veins that have become enlarged and twisted. The term commonly refers to the veins on the leg, although varicose veins can occur elsewhere. Veins have pairs of leaflet valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards (retrograde flow or venous reflux). Leg muscles pump the veins to return blood to the heart (the skeletal-muscle pump), against the effects of gravity. When veins become varicose, the leaflets of the valves no longer meet properly, and the valves do not work (valvular incompetence). This allows blood to flow backwards and they enlarge even more. Varicose veins are most common in the superficial veins of the legs, which are subject to high pressure when standing. Besides being a cosmetic problem, varicose veins can be painful, especially when standing. Severe long-standing varicose veins can lead to leg swelling, venous eczema, skin thickening (lipodermatosclerosis) and ulceration. Life-threatening complications are uncommon, but varicose veins may be confused with deep vein thrombosis, which may be life-threatening.

Non-surgical treatments include sclerotherapy, elastic stockings, leg elevation and exercise. The traditional surgical treatment has been vein stripping to remove the affected veins. Newer, less invasive treatments which seal the main leaking vein are available. Alternative techniques, such as ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy, radiofrequency ablation and endovenous laser treatment, are available as well. Because most of the blood in the legs is returned by the deep veins, the superficial veins, which return only about 10% of the total blood of the legs, can usually be removed or ablated without serious harm.

Secondary varicose veins are those developing as collateral pathways, typically after stenosis or occlusion of the deep veins, a common sequel of extensive deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Treatment options are usually support stockings, occasionally sclerotherapy and rarely, limited surgery.

Varicose veins are distinguished from reticular veins (blue veins) and telangiectasias (spider veins), which also involve valvular insufficiency, by the size and location of the veins. Many patients who suffer with varicose veins seek out the assistance of physicians who specialize in vein care or peripheral vascular disease. These physicians include vascular surgeons, phlebologists or interventional radiologists.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

 

Basic information:

https://www.hse.ie/eng/health/az/v/varicose-veins/treating-varicose-veins.html health service executive varicose veins

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/varicose_veins/article_em.htm emedicine health varicose veins

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicose-veins/home/ovc-20178078 mayoclinic varicose veins overview

http://www.medicinenet.com/varicose_veins/article.htm medicine net.com varicose veins and spider veins

http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/varicose-veins-topic-overview web md varicose veins - topic overview

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/varicose-veins/pages/whatarevaricoseveins.aspx nhs uk varicose veins

http://www.healthline.com/health/varicose-veins health line varicose veins

http://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular-disorders/peripheral-venous-disorders/varicose-veins msd manuals (professional version) varicose veins

http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/cardiovascular_diseases/varicose_veins_85,p08259/ hopkins medicine varicose veins

http://www.bupa.co.uk/health-information/directory/v/varicose-veins bupa varicose veins

http://kidshealth.org/en/kids/varicose-veins.html kids health varicose veins

http://www.healthlinkbc.ca/healthtopics/content.asp?hwid=aa14425 health link bc varicose veins: should i have a surgical procedure?

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/heart/disorders/arterial-and-vascular-disease/varicose-and-spider-veins cleveland clinic varicose and spider veins

http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/varicose-veins university of maryland varicose veins

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/varicose-veins-and-spider-veins better health varicose veins and spider veins

http://www.healthdirect.gov.au/varicose-veins health direct varicose veins

http://www.health.harvard.edu/womens-health/varicose-veins health harvard varicose veins

 

Advanced information:

http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=varicoseabl radiology info varicose vein treatment (endovenous ablation of varicose veins)

http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/varicose-spider-veins.html womens health.gov varicose veins

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1085530-overview medscape varicose veins and spider veins

http://www.sirweb.org/patients/varicose-veins/ society of interventional varicose veins

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/varicoseveins.html medline plus varicose veins

http://patient.info/health/varicose-veins-leaflet patient varicose veins

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/240129.php medical news today varicose veins: causes, diagnosis and treatments

http://www.dermnetnz.org/procedures/leg-veins.html dermnet nz leg vein therapies

http://www.racgp.org.au/afp/2013/june/varicose-veins/ varicose veins:natural history, assessment and management volume 42, no.6, june 2013 pages 380-384

https://www.southerncross.co.nz/group/medical-library/varicose-veins-signs-symptoms-causes-treatment southern cross medical library varicose veins - signs, symptoms, causes, treatment

http://www.fortishealthcare.com/india/diseases/varicose-veins-379/symptoms fortis varicose veins

http://www.aetna.com/cpb/medical/data/1_99/0050.html aetna varicose veins

http://www.news-medical.net/news/20160623/experts-discuss-innovative-non-surgical-approaches-to-treat-varicose-veins.aspx news medical.net experts discuss innovative, non-surgical approaches to treat varicose veins

 

Research:

kumar r s, gopinath m. a rare cause of foot drop after radiofrequency ablation for varicose veins: case report and review of the literature. neurol india [serial online] 2010 [cited 2016 jun 22];58:303-5. available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2010/58/2/303/63801

lawson, a., rischbieter, p., owen, j., peedikayil, t., beningfield, s.. multi-detector computer tomography venography (mdctv) as a diagnostic tool in the management of patients with atypical, complicated and/or recurrent varicose veins. south african journal of radiology, 16, nov. 2012. available at: <http://www.sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/259/320>. date accessed: 22 jun. 2016.

http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/130/7/e59.full varicose veins by gregory piazza, md, ms circulation.2014; 130: e59-e61doi: 10.1161/circulationaha.113.008333

http://www.sbacv.com.br/pdf/forum-docs/the-care-of-patients-with-varicose-veins-and-associated-chronic-venous.pdf the care of patients with varicose veins and associated chronic venous diseases: clinical practice guidelines of the society for vascular surgery and the american venous forum by peter gloviczki, md et al., journal of vascular surgery volume 53, number 16s doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2011.01.079

 

Related topics:

http://www.top10homeremedies.com/home-remedies/home-remedies-varicose-veins.html home remedies for varicose veins

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpexrcc8w24 varicose veins: an animation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_ppcgq6ygu exercises for sufferers of varicose veins

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ghas7unwhpi varicose vein laser treatment video for patients

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fippagbtl1s awesome video showing varicose vein removal

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5npn5knhtri varicose vein treatment radiofrequency ablation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0tqggi5si_k varicose vein laser

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.dnaindia.com/health/report-medanta-specialist-says-need-to-generate-more-awareness-about-varicose-veins-2213141 all you need to know about the health condition called varicose veins

http://www.express.co.uk/life-style/health/620080/varicose-veins-blood-clots-treatment-symptoms the everyday ailment causing deadly blood clots – are you suffering from varicose veins?

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3628166/revealed-6-surprising-places-varicose-veins-appear-legs.html revealed... the 6 surprising places varicose veins can appear - other than your legs

read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3628166/revealed-6-surprising-places-varicose-veins-appear-legs.html#ixzz4cpwwq4uh

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/138496/20160305/varicose-veins-leg-pain-may-indicate-more-serious-health-problem-au.htm varicose veins, leg pain may indicate more serious health problem

http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/fit-proper-early-treatment-is-key-to-curing-varicose-veins-115121800004_1.html fit & proper: early treatment is key to curing varicose veins

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/6-myths-about-varicose-veins_us_57508624e4b0c3752dccef3d?section=india 6 myths about varicose veins

http://www.wsj.com/articles/can-varicose-veins-be-sealed-without-heat-1456164700 can varicose veins be sealed without heat?

 

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