urinary-incontinence
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Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence

Last Reviewed : 12/29/2020
Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any leakage of urine. It is a common and distressing problem, which may have a large impact on quality of life. Urinary incontinence is often a result of an underlying medical condition but is under-reported to medical practitioners. Enuresis is often used to refer to urinary incontinence primarily in children, such as nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting).

There are four main types of incontinence:

  • Urge incontinence due to an overactive bladder
  • Stress incontinence due to poor closure of the bladder
  • Overflow incontinence due to either poor bladder contraction or blockage of the urethra
  • Functional incontinence due to medications or health problems making it difficult to reach the bathroom

Treatments include pelvic floor muscle training, bladder training, and electrical stimulation. The benefit of medications is small and long term safety is unclear.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-incontinence/basics/definition/con-20037883 mayoclinic definition

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/incontinence-urinary/pages/introduction.aspx nhs uk urinary incontinence

http://www.healthline.com/symptom/urinary-incontinence health line what causes urinary incontinence? 26 possible conditions

http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/ web md incontinence & oab overview

http://www.everydayhealth.com/urinary-incontinence/guide/ evry day health what is urinary incontinence?

http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/urinary-incontinence.html family doctor org urinary incontinence

http://www.healthlinkbc.ca/healthtopics/content.asp?hwid=hw220313 health link bc urinary incontinence in women

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/incontinence-and-continence-problems better health incontinence and continence problems

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_new_developments_for_treating_incontinence clevland clinic urinary incontinence

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/symptoms/urinary-incontinence/overview.html newyork times urinary incontinence

 

Advanced information:

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/urinaryincontinence.html medline plus urinary incontinence

http://www.medicinenet.com/urinary_incontinence/article.htm medicine net.com urinary incontinence in men

http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/urinary-incontinence urology care foundation urinary incontinence

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/452289-overview medscape urinary incontinence

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/incontinence/article_em.htm emedicine health urinary incontinence

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/165408.php medical news today urinary incontinence: causes, treatments, symptoms

http://patient.info/health/urinary-incontinence-leaflet patient urinary incontinence

http://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/side-effects/urinary-incontinence cancer.net urinary incontinence

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/voiding-disorders/urinary-incontinence-in-adults merck manuals(professional version) urinary incontinence in adults

http://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/pediatrics/incontinence-in-children/urinary-incontinence-in-children msd manuals(professional version) urinary incontinence in children

http://www.aetna.com/cpb/medical/data/200_299/0223.html aetna urinary incontinence

https://www.accp.com/docs/bookstore/psap/p13b2_m1ch.pdf urinary incontinence in the older adult by kristen cook, pharm.d., bcps; and linda m. sobeski, pharm.d., bcps psap 2013 • special populations

http://www.ics.org/publications/ici_4/files-book/recommendation.pdf 4th international consultation on incontinence recommendations of the international scientific committee: evaluation and treatment of urinary incontinence,pelvic organ prolapse and faecal incontinence

 

Research:

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1677-55382010000100002 int. braz j urol. vol.36 no.1 rio de janeiro jan./feb. 2010 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1677-55382010000100002 review article:current diagnosis and management of syringocele: a review by jonathan melquist; vidit sharma; daniella sciullo; heather mccaffrey; s. ali khan

http://wjso.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1477-7819-4-6 female urogenital dysfunction following total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer by ian r daniels et al., world journal of surgical oncology20064:6 doi: 10.1186/1477-7819-4-6

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/anurs/2014/640262/ advances in nursing
volume 2014 (2014), article id 640262, 10 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/640262 review article:effect of kegel exercises on the management of female stress urinary incontinence: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials seong-hi park1 and chang-bum kang

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1677-55382009000400010 int. braz j urol. vol.35 no.4 rio de janeiro july/aug. 2009 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1677-55382009000400010 pediatric urology is continent urinary diversion feasible in children under five years of age? by luiz l. barbosa; riberto liguori; sergio l. ottoni; ubirajara barroso jr; valdemar ortiz; antonio macedo junior

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1677-55382013000400454&lng=en&tlng=en int. braz j urol. vol.39 no.4 rio de janeiro july/aug. 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1677-5538.ibju.2013.04.... review article:electrical stimulation for urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review by lucas schreiner et al.,

http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=pmc3441498&blobtype=pdf : hennus pml, van der heijden gjmg, bosch jlhr, de jong tpvm, de kort lmo (2012) a systematic review on renal and bladder dysfunction after endoscopic treatment of infravesical obstruction in boys. plos one 7(9): e44663. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044663

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/au/2012/287489/ advances in urology
volume 2012 (2012), article id 287489, 13 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/287489 review article:male stress urinary incontinence: a review of surgical treatment options and outcomes by landon trost and daniel s. elliott

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0004-282x2015000100046&lng=en&tlng=en arq. neuro-psiquiatr. vol.73 no.1 são paulo jan. 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282x20140218 articles:validation survey of the impact of urinary incontinence (iiq-7) and inventory of distress urogenital (udi-6) – the short scales – in patients with multiple sclerosis by lívia palma stievano et al.,

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/865463/ biomed research international
volume 2014 (2014), article id 865463, 15 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/865463 review article:evidence for bladder urothelial pathophysiology in functional bladder disorders by susan k. keay et al.,

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1677-55382003000100012 int. braz j urol. vol.29 no.1 rio de janeiro jan./feb. 2003 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1677-55382003000100012 pediatric urology:surgical management of the neurogenic bladder and bowel by gerald c. mingin; laurence s. baskin

http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=pmc4133406&blobtype=pdf wagg as, newman dk, leichsenring k, van houten p (2014) developing an internationally-applicable service specification for continence care:systematic review, evidence synthesis and expert consensus. plos one 9(8): e104129. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0104129

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1413-35552012000600004&lng=en&tlng=en rev. bras. fisioter. vol.16 no.6 são carlos nov./dec. 2012 epub oct 02, 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-35552012005000050 effects of physical therapy in older women with urinary incontinence: a systematic review by vanessa s. pereira; adriana c. escobar; patricia driusso

 

Other articles:

https://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/outreach/pet-health-topics/categories/common-problems/urinary-incontinence washington state university college of veterinary medicine | urinary incontinence

http://dogtime.com/puppies/1173-urinary-incontinence-vin dog time diagnosing and treating urinary incontinence

http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=2+2114&aid=487 pet education urinary incontinence in dogs

http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/urinary/c_multi_incontinence_urinary pet md lack of bladder control in dogs

http://veterinarycalendar.dvm360.com/urinary-incontinence-drippy-problem-proceedings dvm 360 urinary incontinence: a drippy problem (proceedings)

 

Other helpful resources(support groups):

http://www.continence.org.au/pages/urinary-incontinence.html continence foundation of australia

http://www.nafc.org/urinary-incontinence/ national association for continence

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sf2cb2bczgy urinary incontinence

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zami4cgyhlu urinary incontinence causes, symptoms and treatment with doctor charles feinstein

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rye_epsojr4 urinary incontinence

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kdoel7iwwcm urinary incontinence for usmle

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_rvziofkgke urinary incontinence in men

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6o3re_hnv0u exercises to help urinary incontinence

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aqw0ylkz-jm types of urinary incontinence

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3krhhxvfgh0 stress urinary incontinence in women animation tutorial

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/health-news/adult-urinary-incontinence-has-a-cure/articleshow/37692017.cms times of india adult urinary incontinence has a cure

http://theconversation.com/urinary-incontinence-can-be-a-problem-for-women-of-all-ages-but-there-is-a-cure-49365 the conversation urinary incontinence can be a problem for women of all ages, but there is a cure

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3647140/the-embarrassing-problem-affects-millions-wrecks-relationships-people-suffer-silence.html daily mail incontinence makes you feel 'isolated and imprisoned': survey reveals 6 million people in the uk have the condition - but many of them suffer in silence
 

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