Last Reviewed : 12/29/2020

Tracheomalacia (from trachea and the Greek µa?a??a, softening) is a condition characterized by flaccidity of the tracheal supportcartilage which leads to tracheal collapse especially when increased airflow is demanded.The trachea normally dilates slightly during inspiration and narrows slightly during expiration. These processes are exaggerated in tracheomalacia, leading to airway collapse on expiration. The usual symptom of tracheomalacia is expiratory stridor or laryngeal crow.If the condition extends further to the bronchi (if there is also bronchomalacia), it is termed tracheobronchomalacia. The same condition can also affect the larynx, which is called laryngomalacia.

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Basic information: medline plus tracheomalacia - congenital boston children hospital tracheomalacia symptoms & causes john hopkins children center tracheomalacia cedars sinai tracheomalacia university of maryland medical center , tracheomalacia - acquired cincinnati childrens hospital, tracheomalacia,%20pediatric baylor scott and white health. tracheomalacia, pediatric university of lowa childrens hospital, tracheomalacia - congenital family practice note book tracheomalacia newyork times tracheomalacia - congenital dovemed congenital tracheomalacia summit medical group what is tracheomalacia? pennstate hershey tracheomalacia – congenital david albert tracheobronchomalacia


Advanced information: medscape tracheomalacia virtual pediatric hospital tracheo/laryngomalacia by donna m. santer, m.d., michael p. d'alessandro, m.d. radiopedia tracheomalacia by dr henry knipe tracheomalacia surgical treatment of severe tracheomalacia russell jennings, md chapter 43 tracheomalacia by vivien m. mcnamara,david p. drake,%20md.pdf vanderbilt university,trachomalacia tracheomalacia symptoma tracheomalacia 3d-airway printed splint tracheomalacia and tracheobronchomalacia in adults muzumdar h; nandalike k; bent j; arens r. obstructive sleep apnea due to extrathoracic tracheomalacia. j clin sleep med2013;9(2):163–164.


Research: management of severe tracheomalacia by fayoux, pierre; sfeir, rony journal of pediatric gastroenterology & nutrition: may 2011 - volume 52 - issue - p s33–s34 doi: 10.1097/mpg.0b013e3182132d76 casr report: tracheomalacia: a rare complication after thyroidectomy by dushyant tripathi, indira kumari. indian journal of anaesthesia 2008; 52 (3):328-330 tracheomalacia incidentally detected on ct pulmonary angiography of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism by ichiro hasegawa et al american journal of roentgenology. 2003;181: 1505-1509. 10.2214/ajr.181.6.1811505 case report:tracheomalacia in a patient with turner's syndrome treated successfully with an intra-tracheal stent by susannah bloch et al respiratory medicine cme volume 1, issue 1, 2008, pages 15–17 doi:10.1016/j.rmedc.2007.11.001 full article:tracheomalacia and breath holding: a case report by h griffiths et al arch dis child 2000;83:340-341 doi:10.1136/adc.83.4.340 tracheomalacia andtracheobronchomalacia in children and adults* an in-depth review by kelly a. carden et al aortopexy for the treatment of tracheomalacia in children: review of the literature by michele torre et al, italian journal of pediatrics201238:62 doi: 10.1186/1824-7288-38-62 s balasubramanian, r kannan, k balakrishnan. post-operative tracheomalacia after surgery on the thyroid and the aero-digestive tract. the internet journal of surgery. 2008 volume 19 number 2. severe tracheomalacia in the icu: identification of diagnostic criteria and risk factor analysis from a case control study by chitra kandaswamy md mph post-thyroidectomy tracheomalacia: minimal risk despite significant tracheal compression by j. m. findlay et al. br. j. anaesth. (2011)doi: 10.1093/bja/aer062 early diagnosis and management of tracheomalacia with invasive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in an adult by aigui jiang*; huiyu lu braz j infect dis vol.16 no.2 salvador may/apr. 2012 treatment of severe porcine tracheomalacia with a 3-dimensionally printed, bioresorbable, external airway splint by david a. zopf, md, ms et al jama otolaryngol head neck surg. 2014;140(1):66-71. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.5644 rsna radiology tracheomalacia in adults with cystic fibrosis: determination of prevalence and severity with dynamic cine ct by shaunagh mcdermott, md et al, august 2009 volume 252, issue 2 doi: hindawi case reports in pulmonology
volume 2014 (2014), article id 910135, 4 pages report:tracheomalacia treatment using a large-diameter, custom-made airway stent in a case with mounier-kuhn syndrome by cengiz özdemir et al open journal of respiratory diseases, 2013, 3, 1-3 published online february 2013 ( stenting for the management of post-tracheostomy tracheomalacia: case report by demirhan ozkan et al;year=2013;volume=29;issue=2;spage=252;epage=254;aulast=kumar kumar s, gupta r, wadhawan s. anesthetic management of an infant for aortopexy. j anaesthesiol clin pharmacol 2013;29:252-4 case report on table extubation of a patient with tracheomalacia after thyroidectomy for large retrosternal goiter by smriti sinha, chakravarthy joel, varghese zachariah k j pub health med res 2014;2(1):58-60 interventions for primary (intrinsic) tracheomalacia in children by vikas goyal et al. doi: 10.1002/14651858.cd005304.pub3 airway obstruction due to tracheomalacia caused by innominate artery compression and a kyphotic cervical spine by chia-hsin liu, md. the annals of thorasic surgery february 2015volume 99, issue 2, pages 685–687 doi:


Related videos: little wheezer – tracheomalacia tracheomalacia _ thekidsdoctors (video) tracheomalacia repair by aortopex tracheomalacia severe tracheomalacia assessment and treatment tracheomalacia - crash! medical review series


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles: clinical case conference by gagan kumar md sun sentinel danger zone taking a breath isn`t easy for infants suffering from tracheomalacia. may 24, 1992|by edward l. donato, special to the sun-sentinel


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