tracheomalacia
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Tracheomalacia

Tracheomalacia

Last Reviewed : 12/29/2020
Tracheomalacia

Tracheomalacia (from trachea and the Greek µa?a??a, softening) is a condition characterized by flaccidity of the tracheal supportcartilage which leads to tracheal collapse especially when increased airflow is demanded.The trachea normally dilates slightly during inspiration and narrows slightly during expiration. These processes are exaggerated in tracheomalacia, leading to airway collapse on expiration. The usual symptom of tracheomalacia is expiratory stridor or laryngeal crow.If the condition extends further to the bronchi (if there is also bronchomalacia), it is termed tracheobronchomalacia. The same condition can also affect the larynx, which is called laryngomalacia.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

 

 

Basic information:

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001084.htm medline plus tracheomalacia - congenital

http://www.childrenshospital.org/conditions-and-treatments/conditions/t/tracheomalacia/symptoms-and-causes boston children hospital tracheomalacia symptoms & causes

http://www.hopkinschildrens.org/tracheomalacia.aspx john hopkins children center tracheomalacia

https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/patients/health-conditions/tracheomalacia.aspx cedars sinai tracheomalacia

http://umm.edu/health/medical/ency/articles/tracheomalacia-acquired university of maryland medical center , tracheomalacia - acquired

http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/t/tracheomalacia/ cincinnati childrens hospital, tracheomalacia

http://www.sw.org/healthlibrary?page=tracheomalacia,%20pediatric baylor scott and white health. tracheomalacia, pediatric

https://www.uichildrens.org/adam/?/hie%20multimedia/1/001084 university of lowa childrens hospital, tracheomalacia - congenital

http://www.fpnotebook.com/peds/lung/trchmlc.htm family practice note book tracheomalacia

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/tracheomalacia/overview.html newyork times tracheomalacia - congenital

http://www.dovemed.com/diseases-conditions/congenital-tracheomalacia/ dovemed congenital tracheomalacia

http://www.summitmedicalgroup.com/library/pediatric_health/hhg_tracheomalacia/ summit medical group what is tracheomalacia?

http://pennstatehershey.adam.com/content.aspx?productid=112&pid=1&gid=001084 pennstate hershey tracheomalacia – congenital

http://www.albert.uk.com/david-albert/chapters-and-presentations-to-readview/chapters-written-by-david-albert/tracheomalacia.html david albert tracheobronchomalacia

 

Advanced information:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/426003-overview medscape tracheomalacia

http://www.virtualpediatrichospital.org/providers/electricairway/text/tracheolaryngo.shtml virtual pediatric hospital tracheo/laryngomalacia by donna m. santer, m.d., michael p. d'alessandro, m.d.

http://radiopaedia.org/articles/tracheomalacia radiopedia tracheomalacia by dr henry knipe

http://drtbalu.com/trach_mala.html tracheomalacia

http://www.inoea.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/006_1030_jennings_jz_thu_01.pdf surgical treatment of severe tracheomalacia russell jennings, md

http://www.global-help.org/publications/books/help_pedsurgeryafrica43.pdf chapter 43 tracheomalacia by vivien m. mcnamara,david p. drake

http://www.mc.vanderbilt.edu/documents/billwilkerson/files/tracheomalacia-paul%20moore,%20md.pdf vanderbilt university,trachomalacia

https://www.ntuh.gov.tw/ent/doclib7/tracheomalacia%2020080109.pdf tracheomalacia

https://www.symptoma.com/en/info/tracheomalacia symptoma tracheomalacia

https://medicine.umich.edu/dept/otolaryngology/3d-airway-printed-splint 3d-airway printed splint

http://cursoenarm.net/uptodate/contents/mobipreview.htm?8/22/8544?source=see_link tracheomalacia and tracheobronchomalacia in adults

http://www.aasmnet.org/jcsm/viewabstract.aspx?pid=28824 muzumdar h; nandalike k; bent j; arens r. obstructive sleep apnea due to extrathoracic tracheomalacia. j clin sleep med2013;9(2):163–164.

 

Research:

http://journals.lww.com/jpgn/fulltext/2011/05001/management_of_severe_tracheomalacia.15.aspx management of severe tracheomalacia by fayoux, pierre; sfeir, rony journal of pediatric gastroenterology & nutrition: may 2011 - volume 52 - issue - p s33–s34 doi: 10.1097/mpg.0b013e3182132d76

http://medind.nic.in/iad/t08/i3/iadt08i3p328.pdf casr report: tracheomalacia: a rare complication after thyroidectomy by dushyant tripathi, indira kumari. indian journal of anaesthesia 2008; 52 (3):328-330

http://www.ajronline.org/doi/full/10.2214/ajr.181.6.1811505 tracheomalacia incidentally detected on ct pulmonary angiography of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism by ichiro hasegawa et al american journal of roentgenology. 2003;181: 1505-1509. 10.2214/ajr.181.6.1811505

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1755001707000024 case report:tracheomalacia in a patient with turner's syndrome treated successfully with an intra-tracheal stent by susannah bloch et al respiratory medicine cme volume 1, issue 1, 2008, pages 15–17 doi:10.1016/j.rmedc.2007.11.001

http://adc.bmj.com/content/83/4/340. full article:tracheomalacia and breath holding: a case report by h griffiths et al arch dis child 2000;83:340-341 doi:10.1136/adc.83.4.340

http://journal.publications.chestnet.org/pdfaccess.ashx?resourceid=2114389&pdfsource=13 tracheomalacia andtracheobronchomalacia in children and adults* an in-depth review by kelly a. carden et al

http://ijponline.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1824-7288-38-62 aortopexy for the treatment of tracheomalacia in children: review of the literature by michele torre et al, italian journal of pediatrics201238:62 doi: 10.1186/1824-7288-38-62

http://ispub.com/ijs/19/2/9655 s balasubramanian, r kannan, k balakrishnan. post-operative tracheomalacia after surgery on the thyroid and the aero-digestive tract. the internet journal of surgery. 2008 volume 19 number 2.

http://rc.rcjournal.com/content/58/2/340.full.pdf severe tracheomalacia in the icu: identification of diagnostic criteria and risk factor analysis from a case control study by chitra kandaswamy md mph

http://bja.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/03/29/bja.aer062.full post-thyroidectomy tracheomalacia: minimal risk despite significant tracheal compression by j. m. findlay et al. br. j. anaesth. (2011)doi: 10.1093/bja/aer062

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1413-86702012000200023 early diagnosis and management of tracheomalacia with invasive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in an adult by aigui jiang*; huiyu lu braz j infect dis vol.16 no.2 salvador may/apr. 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-86702012000200023

http://archotol.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1766507 treatment of severe porcine tracheomalacia with a 3-dimensionally printed, bioresorbable, external airway splint by david a. zopf, md, ms et al jama otolaryngol head neck surg. 2014;140(1):66-71. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.5644

http://pubs.rsna.org/doi/full/10.1148/radiol.2522081956 rsna radiology tracheomalacia in adults with cystic fibrosis: determination of prevalence and severity with dynamic cine ct by shaunagh mcdermott, md et al, august 2009 volume 252, issue 2 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2522081956

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripu/2014/910135/ hindawi case reports in pulmonology
volume 2014 (2014), article id 910135, 4 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/910135case report:tracheomalacia treatment using a large-diameter, custom-made airway stent in a case with mounier-kuhn syndrome by cengiz özdemir et al

http://file.scirp.org/pdf/ojrd_2013022215565656.pdf open journal of respiratory diseases, 2013, 3, 1-3 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojrd.2013.31001 published online february 2013 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/ojrd) stenting for the management of post-tracheostomy tracheomalacia: case report by demirhan ozkan et al

http://www.joacp.org/article.asp?issn=0970-9185;year=2013;volume=29;issue=2;spage=252;epage=254;aulast=kumar kumar s, gupta r, wadhawan s. anesthetic management of an infant for aortopexy. j anaesthesiol clin pharmacol 2013;29:252-4

http://jphmr.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/17.pdf case report on table extubation of a patient with tracheomalacia after thyroidectomy for large retrosternal goiter by smriti sinha, chakravarthy joel, varghese zachariah k j pub health med res 2014;2(1):58-60

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.cd005304.pub3/full interventions for primary (intrinsic) tracheomalacia in children by vikas goyal et al. doi: 10.1002/14651858.cd005304.pub3

http://www.annalsthoracicsurgery.org/article/s0003-4975(14)01029-7/fulltext airway obstruction due to tracheomalacia caused by innominate artery compression and a kyphotic cervical spine by chia-hsin liu, md. the annals of thorasic surgery february 2015volume 99, issue 2, pages 685–687 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.04.119

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-nptl6fvzx8 little wheezer – tracheomalacia

http://www.thevisualmd.com/read_videoguide/?idu=1083617249&q=%20doctor&p=3 tracheomalacia _ thekidsdoctors (video)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vund1nydht4 tracheomalacia repair by aortopex

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=520eytfpb6e tracheomalacia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yotyimflmm0 severe tracheomalacia assessment and treatment

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1idmfrutqmo tracheomalacia - crash! medical review series

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.slideshare.net/gagsol/tracheomalacia-27721290 clinical case conference by gagan kumar md

http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1992-05-24/news/9202100031_1_breathing-infants-trachea sun sentinel danger zone taking a breath isn`t easy for infants suffering from tracheomalacia. may 24, 1992|by edward l. donato, special to the sun-sentinel

 

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