Thromboangiitis obliterans (also known as Buerger's disease, Buerger disease [English /b?rg?r/; German /byrg?r/], or presenile gangrene) is a recurring progressive inflammation and thrombosis (clotting) of small and medium arteries and veins of the hands and feet. It is strongly associated with use of tobacco products, primarily from smoking, but is also associated with smokeless tobacco.
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https://www.ima.org.il/filesupload/imaj/0/87/43895.pdf clinical, arteriographic and histopathologic analysis of 13 patients with thromboangiitis obliterans and coronary involvement by christiane a. nobre md1, walber p. vieira md1, francisco e.s. da rocha md2, jozelio f. de carvalho md phd3 and carlos e.m. rodrigues md phd4 imaj • vol 16 • july 2014
http://escholarship.org/uc/item/74c2h12c effectiveness of bosentan in the treatment of ischemic lesions in a case of thromboangiitis obliterans (buerger disease): a case report
a´ngel palomo-arellano md, iva´n cervigo´n-gonza´lez, luis miguel torres-iglesias
dermatology online journal 17 (7): 4
treatment of thromboangiitis obliterans (buerger's disease) by intramuscular gene transfer of vascular endothelial growth factor: preliminary clinical results.presented at the twelfth annual meeting of the eastern vascular society, newport, ri, may 1–3, 1998. by jeffrey m. isner, md et al.,the journal of vascular surgery december 1998volume 28, issue 6, pages 964–975 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0741-5214(98)70022-9