Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020
Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system.

Not all lumps on the testicles are tumors, and not all tumors are malignant (cancerous). There are many other conditions, such astesticular microlithiasis, epididymal cysts, and appendix testis (hydatid of Morgagni), which may be painful but are non-cancerous.

Testicular cancer has one of the highest cure rates of all cancers with an average five-year survival rate of 95%.If the cancer has not spread outside the testicle, the 5-year survival is 99% while if it has grown into nearby structures or has spread to nearby lymph nodes, the rate is 96% and if it has spread to organs or lymph nodes away from the testicles, the 5-year survival is around 74%.Even for the relatively few cases in which cancer has spread widely, chemotherapy offers a cure rate of at least 80%.

Globally testicular cancer resulted in 8,300 deaths in 2013 up from 7,000 deaths in 1990. In the United States, about 8,000 cases are diagnosed a year. In the UK, approximately 2,000 people are diagnosed each year, over a lifetime, the risk of testicular cancer is roughly 1 in 200 (0.5%). It is the most common cancer in males aged 20–39 years, the period when it is most common to start, and is rarely seen before the age of 15 years.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer/basics/definition/con-20043068 mayoclinic definition

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cancer-of-the-testicle/pages/introduction.aspx nhs uk testicular cancer

http://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular cancer.gov testicular cancer

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001288.htm medline plus testicular cancer

https://www.andrologyaustralia.org/testicular-cancer/ andrology australia testicular cancer

http://www.bupa.co.uk/health-information/directory/t/testicular-cancer bupa testicular cancer

http://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/testicular-cancer.html cancer council australia testicular cancer

http://www.healthline.com/health/testicular-cancer health line testicular cancer

http://www.webmd.com/cancer/tc/testicular-cancer-topic-overview web md testicular cancer - topic overview

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/testicular-cancer better health testicular cancer

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/testicular-cancer/overview.html newyork times testicular cancer

http://www.everydayhealth.com/testicular-cancer/guide/ every day health what is testicular cancer?

http://www.livescience.com/34802-testicular-cancer-symptoms-treatment.html live science testicular cancer: symptoms, treatment and prevention

http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer.printerview.all.html family doctor testicular cancer


Advanced information:

http://www.medicinenet.com/testicular_cancer/article.htm medicine net.com testicular cancer (cancer of the testicle)

http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/testicular-cancer/symptoms-and-signs cancer.net testicular cancer - symptoms and signs

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/279007-overview medscape testicular cancer

http://patient.info/doctor/testicular-cancer-pro patient testicular cancer

http://tcrc.acor.org/tcprimer.html the testicular cancer primer

http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/testicular/testicular-cancer/?region=on canadian cancer society testicular cancer

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/166993.php medical news today testicular cancer: causes, symptoms and treatments

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_testicular_cancer/hic_testicular_cancer_and_self_exam cleveland clinic testicular cancer and self exam

http://www.oncolink.org/types/article.cfm?c=19&id=9459 oncolink all about testicular cancer

http://radiopaedia.org/articles/testicular-cancer radiopedia testicular cancer

http://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0501/p2539.html testicular cancer scott kinkade, cpt, mc, usa, darnell army community hospital, fort hood, texas am fam physician. 1999 may 1;59(9):2539-2544.

http://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/genitourinary-cancer/testicular-cancer msd manuals(professional version) testicular cancer

european society for radiotherapy and oncology (estro). "radiotherapy more effective than chemotherapy for early stage ii testicular cancer: largest study of patients with stage ii testicular seminoma so far." sciencedaily. sciencedaily, 2 may 2016. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160502082624.htm .



http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1677-55382008000600006 int. braz j urol. vol.34 no.6 rio de janeiro nov./dec. 2008 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1677-55382008000600006 clinical urology:long-term clinical outcome in patients with stage-i nonseminomatous germ cell cancer. a critical review of own treatment modalities in a retrospective study by sandra seseke et al.,

oranusi ck, onyiaorah iv, ukah co. pattern of testicular biopies as seen in a tertiary institution in nnewi, southeast nigeria. niger j surg [serial online] 2014 [cited 2016 jun 19];20:55-8. available from: http://www.nigerianjsurg.com/text.asp?2014/20/2/55/137283

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s0929644115000685 impalpable testicular seminoma identified on sonoelastography by eric m. ghiraldi et al., journal of medical ultrasound volume 23, issue 3, september 2015, pages 150–153 doi:10.1016/j.jmu.2015.07.005

http://diagnosticpathology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1746-1596-2-33 cholangiocarcinoma presenting as a solitary epididymal metastasis: a case report and review of the literature by victoria s bennett and david m bailey diagnostic pathology20072:33 doi: 10.1186/1746-1596-2-33

alotaibi m, saadeddin a, bazarbashi s, alkhateeb s, alghamdi a, alghamdi k, murshid e, abusamra a, rabah d, ahmad i, al-mansour m, alsharm a. saudi oncology society and saudi urology association combined clinical management guidelines for testicular germ cell tumors. urol ann [serial online] 2016 [cited 2016 jun 19];8:141-5. available from: http://www.urologyannals.com/text.asp?2016/8/2/141/179240

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/criu/2015/835962/ case reports in urology
volume 2015 (2015), article id 835962, 4 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/835962 case report:seminoma presenting as renal mass, inferior vena caval thrombus, and regressed testicular mass by valary t. raup et al.,

http://hccpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1897-4287-6-1-3 clinical and genetic aspects of testicular germ cell tumours by martijn f. lutke holzik et al., hereditary cancer in clinical practice20086:3 doi: 10.1186/1897-4287-6-1-3

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s2214388215001137 tumour lysis syndrome: a rare acute presentation of locally advanced testicular cancer – case report and review of literature by marcus chow et al., asian journal of urology volume 3, issue 1, january 2016, pages 49–52 doi:10.1016/j.ajur.2015.09.005

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crionm/2015/345018/ case reports in oncological medicine
volume 2015 (2015), article id 345018, 4 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/345018 case report:a literature review and case report of metastatic pure choriocarcinoma by diwei lin et al.,

kapoor r, bansal a, sharma sc. leiomyosarcoma of inferior vena cava: case series of four patients. j can res ther [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 jun 19];11:650. available from: http://www.cancerjournal.net/text.asp?2015/11/3/650/138029

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crionm/2013/267389/ case reports in oncological medicine
volume 2013 (2013), article id 267389, 4 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/267389 case report:bifocal presentation of primary testicular extranasal nk/t-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature by ali naboush et al.,

http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=pmc2680046&blobtype=pdf : peng x, zeng x, peng s, deng d, zhang j (2009) the association risk of male subfertility and testicular cancer: a systematic review. plos one 4(5):e5591. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005591

http://wjso.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1477-7819-10-203 predicting necrosis in residual mass analysis after retroperitoneal lymph node dissection: a retrospective study by eduardo de paula miranda et al., world journal of surgical oncology201210:203 doi: 10.1186/1477-7819-10-203

http://wjso.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1477-7819-8-21 mixed germ cell tumor metastatic to the skin: case report and literature review by kun-lung chuang et al., world journal of surgical oncology20108:21 doi: 10.1186/1477-7819-8-21


Other articles:

http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=2+2087&aid=481 pet education testicular cancer in dogs


Other helpful resources(support groups):

http://www.testicularcancersociety.org/understanding_testicular_cancer.html testicular cancer society

http://www.orchid-cancer.org.uk/testicular-cancer/ orchid fighting male cancer

https://us.movember.com/mens-health/testicular-cancer movember foundation

http://www.testicularcancerawarenessfoundation.org/ testicular cancer awarenwss foundation


Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktmjd9dnvou medical animation: testicular cancer

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s33xvzcb9me testicular cancer: what are the signs? | furious pete talks

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_mzrsud4h2q testicular cancer signs & symptoms | testicular cancer

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nvwpg_ygw28 testicular cancer check

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qas_tssdx4u what is testicular cancer? | testicular cancer

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27patuczni8 testicular cancer

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9j7l0ewxss symptoms and treatments of testicular cancer - manipal hospital

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjyvjo3nmlk testicular cancer


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/men/health/testicular-cancer-seven-statistics-that-you-need-to-know/ the telegraph testicular cancer: seven statistics that you need to know

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/what-is-testicular-cancer/articleshow/20740595.cms times of india what is testicular cancer?

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-94883/me-operation-testicular-cancer.html daily mail me and my operation: testicular cancer

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