Sudden infant death syndrome

Sudden infant death syndrome

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020
Sudden infant death syndrome

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also known as cot death or crib death, is the sudden unexplained death of a child less than one year of age. Diagnosis requires that the death remains unexplained even after a thorough autopsy and detailed death scene investigation. SIDS usually occurs during sleep. Typically death occurs between the hours of 00:00 and 09:00. There is usually no evidence of struggle and no noise produced.

The exact cause of SIDS is unknown. The requirement of a combination of factors including a specific underlying susceptibility, a specific time in development, and an environmental stressor has been proposed. These environmental stressors may include sleeping on the stomach or side, overheating, and exposure to tobacco smoke. Accidental suffocation such as during bed sharingor from soft objects may also play a role. Another risk factor is being born before 39 weeks of gestation. SIDS makes up about 80% of sudden and unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs), with other causes including infections, genetic disorders, and heart problems. While child abuse in the form of intentional suffocation may be misdiagnosed as SIDS, this is believed to make up less than 5% of cases.

The most effective method of preventing SIDS is putting a child less than one year old on their back to sleep. Other measures include a firm mattress separate from but close to caregivers, no loose bedding, a relatively cool sleeping environment, using apacifier, and avoiding exposure to tobacco smoke. Breastfeeding and immunization may also be preventive. Measures not shown to be useful include positioning devices and baby monitors. Evidence is not sufficient for the use of fans. Grief support for families impacted by SIDS is important, as the death of the infant is sudden, without witnesses, and often associated with an investigation.

Rates of SIDS vary nearly tenfold in developed countries from one in a thousand to one in ten thousand. Globally it resulted in about 15,000 deaths in 2013 down from 22,000 deaths in 1990. SIDS was the third leading cause of death in children less than one year old in the United States in 2011. It is the most common cause of death between one month and one year of age. About 90% of cases happen before six months of age, with it being most frequent between two months and four months of age. It is more common in boys than girls.

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Basic information: mayo clinic sudden infant death syndrome kids health sudden infant death syndrome web md 10 steps to help prevent sids nhs uk sudden infant death syndrome (sids) medline plus sudden infant death syndrome healthy children reduce the risk of sids lve science sids: causes & prevention health direct sudden infant death syndrome university of maryland medical center sudden infant death syndrome merck manuals (professional version) sudden infant death syndrome about kids health sudden infant death syndrome cleveland clinic sudden infant death syndrome newyork times sudden infant death syndrome health link bc sudden infant death syndrome bupa cot death and sudden infant death syndrome (sids) my health alberta sudden infant death syndrome canada sudden infant death syndrome health service executive sudden infant death syndrome


Advanced information: medicine net sudden infant death syndrome medscape sudden infant death syndrome patient sudden infant death syndrome medical news today what is sudden infant death syndrome (sids)? what is cot death? emedicine health sudden infant death syndrome (sids) national organisation for rare diseases sudden infant death syndrome vaccines and sudden infant death syndrome current pediatric reviews international trends in sudden infant death syndrome and other sudden unexpected deaths in infancy: need for better diagnostic standardization by fern r. hauck, m.d., m.s., et al., unicef infant care practices related to sudden infant death syndrome in south asian and white british families in the uk dove med sudden infant death syndrome


Research: review article front. immunol., 03 june 2015 | gut microbiota and immunity: possible role in sudden infant death syndrome by paul n. goldwater review article front. immunol., 30 march 2015 | animal models for assessment of infection and inflammation: contributions to elucidating the pathophysiology of sudden infant death syndrome by jane blood-siegfried review article front. immunol., 03 july 2015 | escherichia coli and sudden infant death syndrome by karl a. bettelheim and paul n. goldwater. review article front. immunol., 05 march 2015 | exploring the risk factors for sudden infant deaths and their role in inflammatory responses to infection by caroline blackwell et al., pediatrics,may 2016:swaddling and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome: a meta-analysis by anna s. pease, peter j. fleming, fern r. hauck, rachel y. moon, rosemary s.c. horne, monique p. l’hoir, anne-louise ponsonby, peter s. blair sudden infant death syndrome and prenatal maternal smoking: rising attributed risk in the back to sleepera by mark e anderson et al., bmc medicine20053:4 doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-3-4 sudden infant death syndrome and psychiatric disorders by louise michele howard, simon hannam the british journal of psychiatry may 2003, 182 (5) 379-380; doi: 10.1192/bjp.182.5.379 infant sleeping position and the sudden infant death syndrome: systematic review of observational studies and historical review of recommendations from 1940 to 2002 by ruth gilbert et al., int. j. epidemiol. (august 2005) 34(4): 874-887.doi: 10.1093/ije/dyi088 pediatric research (2004) 56, 391–395; doi:10.1203/01.pdr.0000136285.91048.4a sudden infant death syndrome: case-control frequency differences at genes pertinent to early autonomic nervous system embryologic development by debra e weese-mayer et al., sao paulo med. j. vol.126 no.1 são paulo jan. 2008 original article:sudden infant death syndrome in brazil: fact or fancy? by francesca maia woida et al., review article front. immunol., 20 february 2015 | sudden infant death syndrome and the genetics of inflammation by linda ferrante et al., rev. saúde pública vol.42 n.3 são paulo jun. 2008 original articles:risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome in a developing country by ana paula silveira pinho et al.,


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Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles: the atlantic understanding sudden infant death syndrome daily mail swaddling babies 'may increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome', experts warn

read more: the washington post swaddling babies is tied to heightened risk of sudden infant death syndrome independent sudden infant death syndrome: little girl lost huffington post is sudden infant death syndrome a result of stubbornness? economist the cradle, not the grave the scientific american pacifier greatly reduces risk of sudden infant death

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