Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020

Spondylolisthesisis the forward displacement of a vertebral bone in relation to the natural curve of the spine, most commonly occurring after a fracture, and most often the fifth lumbar vertebra. Sumptoms include stiffening of the back and tightening of the hamstrings, with a resulting change in both posture and gait. Generalized lower-back pain may also be seen, with intermittent shooting pain from the buttocks to the posterior thigh or lower leg via the sciatic nerve. It is treated physical therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs or surgery.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information:

http://eorthopod.com/lumbar-spondylolisthesis/eorthopod.lumbar spondylolisthesis

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/spondylolisthesiscleveland clinic. spondylolisthesis

http://www.medifocus.com/landing.php?a=a&gid=rt015medifocus.medifocus guidebook on spondylolisthesis

https://www.verywell.com/spondylolisthesis-p2-296650verywell.what is spondylolisthesis?

http://www.precisionhealth.com.au/services/pain-management/conditions-treated/spinal-conditions/spondylolisthesispecision health.spondylolisthesis

http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00053orthoinfo.spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis


Advanced information:

http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/tc/spondylolisthesis-topic-overview#1webmd.spondylolisthesis - topic overview

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2179163-overviewmedscape.lumbosacral spondylolisthesis.

http://patient.info/in/doctor/spondylolysis-and-spondylolisthesis patient.spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis


http://www.medicinenet.com/spondylolisthesis/article.htm medicine net.spondylolisthesis by catherine burt driver.

https://doaj.org/article/0be2fea1b9664f8a8d916d7ddf759bc5 directory of open acess journals. a short history of posterior dynamic stabilizationbycengizgomleksiz et al. advances in orthopedics. 2012;2012 doi 10.1155/2012/629698

https://doaj.org/article/0c8a8741a9da481eafa30419db31a976 directory of open acess journals. update on degenerative spondylolisthesis: surgical treatment by wm bernardo et al.revista da associaçãomédicabrasileira. 2014;60(6):505-505 doi 10.1590/1806-9282.60.06.003

https://doaj.org/article/632da4abc7524ef0bb7de542ea9d1c4b directory of open acess journals. grade 1 spondylolisthesis and interspinous device placement: removal in six patients and analysis of current data by parker e bohm et al. surgical neurology international. 2015;6(1):54-54 doi 10.4103/2152-7806.154461

https://doaj.org/article/6a1698649ba04cf893fe7f06d41e6608 directory of open acess journals. a descriptive study of lateral spondylolisthesis in patients with adult scoliosis by knott p et al. scoliosis. 2012;7(suppl 1):p13 doi 10.1186/1748-7161-7-s1-p13



https://doaj.org/article/1682c4e7589546d39e8649ffabd66f25 directory of open acess journals. lumbar pedicle screw placement: using only ap plane imaging by anil sethi et al. indian journal of orthopaedics. 2012;46(4):434-438 doi 10.4103/0019-5413.98832

https://doaj.org/article/220b1de1838342a88f099f30774767cd directory of open acess journals. bilateral neurological deficits following unilateral minimally invasive tlif: a review of four patients by alexander t nixon et al. surgical neurology international. 2014;5(8):317-324 doi 10.4103/2152-7806.139619

https://doaj.org/article/221ef2443485431eb074850107fa3c8f directory of open acess journals. posterior lumbar interbody fusion and instrumented posterolateral fusion in adult spondylolisthesis: assessment and clinical outcome by rajarajan (n.s) et al. journal of evidence based medicine and healthcare. 2015;2(46):8236-8240 doi 10.18410/jebmh/2015/1111

https://doaj.org/article/222a4c0edbc24ec6afaaa20128e28466 directory of open acess journals. a novel technique to repair a transverse sacral fracture in a previously fused lumbosacral spondylolisthesis by thomas noh et al. surgical neurology international. 2016;7(39):914-916 doi 10.4103/2152-7806.194519

https://doaj.org/article/2ad7fc9e11314546981fb9dbccd10081 directory of open acess journals. caudaequina redundant nerve roots are associated to the degree of spinal stenosis and to spondylolisthesis by leonor garbinsavarese et al. arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria. 2014;72(10):782-787 doi 10.1590/0004-282x20140135

https://doaj.org/article/2d89b295e3ec4fd3aa3f33538c3f809a directory of open acess journals. adjacent segment spondylolysis and the biomechanics of "relative spondylolisthesis": an insight by brahma prasad et al. indian journal of neurosurgery. 2013;2(2):216-217 doi 10.4103/2277-9167.118129

https://doaj.org/article/34e3d513f8dd447f8adca6cb1ee0dafb directory of open acess journals. traumatic high-grade spondylolisthesis at c7-t1 with no neurological deficits: case series, literature review, and biomechanical implications by ha son nguyen et al. journal of craniovertebral junction and spine. 2017;8(1):74-78 doi 10.4103/0974-8237.199880

https://doaj.org/article/3a9ace634edb415c943dfec97f743ccb directory of open acess journals. study of variation of the diameter of the spinal canal and the foramina in spondylolisthesis by enguerberaldogarciaet al. coluna/columna. 2016;15(1):26-29 doi 10.1590/s1808-185120161501153512

https://doaj.org/article/3ae5a55d7aa34ebdb6cfe2b2381408e5 directory of open acess journals. adjacent segment disease in degenerative pathologies with posterior instrumentation by ana guadalupe ramírezolvera et al. coluna/columna. 2015;14(1):23-26 doi 10.1590/s1808-1851201514010r122

https://doaj.org/article/3bc9ca1110cd4a64b83a571aa76db6c2 directory of open acess journals. outcome of posterior lumbar interbody fusion for l4-l5 degenerative spondylolisthesis by hiroyuki hayashi et al. indian journal of orthopaedics. 2015;49(3):284-288 doi 10.4103/0019-5413.156188


Related topics:

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa1508788new england journal of medicine. laminectomy plus fusion versus laminectomy alone for lumbar spondylolisthesis by zoherghogawala et al.doi: 10.1056/nejmoa1508788

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2012/356712/hindawi.grade 2 spondylolisthesis at l4-5 treated by xlif: safety and midterm results in the “worst case scenario” by w. b. rodgerset al. the scientific world journal.http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/356712

http://www.ptomaha.com/injuries-conditions/lower-back/lower-back-issues/lumbar-spondylolisthesis/a~52/article.htmlspecialised physical therapy. lumbar spondylolisthesis

https://doaj.org/article/07d2d8c917094f08ae6a4a765cafbacfdirectory of open acess journals. transforaminal l u mbar interbody fusion in low grade combined lytic and degenerative spondylolidthesis : functional outcome of 21 cases by suresh et al. journal of evidence based medicine and healthcare. 2015;2(42):7445 -7450 doi 10. 18410 /je bmh /2015/ 1007

https://doaj.org/article/0a7948612f3b409cb94aa0f3a32b50d6directory of open acess journals. surgical outcome of reduction and instrumented fusion in lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis by farzadomidi-kashaniet al. iranian journal of medical sciences. 2016;41(1):13-18

https://doaj.org/article/1a1aee4f9a1c4584b9afb16b967843c3 directory of open acess journals. posterolateral fusion in spondylolisthesis of the lumbosacral segment.by jorge a. jerez labradaet al. medisur. 2006;4(3):42-46

https://doaj.org/article/431293e26d4244d5b0bb211486f946dd directory of open acess journals. percutaneous pedicle screw reduction and axial presacral lumbar interbody fusion for treatment of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis: a case series by miller larry e et al. journal of medical case reports. 2011;5(1):454 doi 10.1186/1752-1947-5-454

https://doaj.org/article/76aac440bcfb4819ae670ee01fdf9730 directory of open acess journals. adjacent lumbar disc herniation after lumbar short spinal fusion by koshininomiya et al. case reports in orthopedics. 2014;2014 doi 10.1155/2014/456940

https://doaj.org/article/865a7828f71d40b3b97f02524adc7b81directory of open acess journals. transforaminal versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion as operative treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis, a retrospective case series by s.l. de kunder et al. interdisciplinary neurosurgery. 2016;5(c):64-68 doi 10.1016/j.inat.2016.07.001

https://www.braceability.com/blog/spondylolisthesis-exercises/baceability.6 best spondylolisthesis exercises, and 3 to avoid


Other articles:

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/spondylolisthesis/pages/introduction.aspx national health services. united kingdom.spondylolisthesis

http://www.news-medical.net/health/what-is-spondylolisthesis.aspx news medical lifescience.what is spondylolisthesis?

https://doaj.org/article/3fc875edee8a4abf9fb2a6b5ac83ae5e directory of open acess journals. comparison of lumbar specific stabilization exercises and general exercises in reducing pain and disability in patients with spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis by asgharakbari et al. journal of birjand university of medical sciences. 2013;20(1):1-10

https://doaj.org/article/402e64169e184d2bba2c609f7d91a22e directory of open acess journals. unilateral pedicle stress fracture in a long-term hemodialysis patient with isthmic spondylolisthesisbykeishimaruo et al. case reports in orthopedics. 2015;2015 doi 10.1155/2015/426940

https://doaj.org/article/44b504a587f04ed08ff3c92e6cd412ad directory of open acess journals. spinopelvic balance evaluation of patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis l4l5 and l4l5 herniated disc who underwent surgery by viviane regina hernandez nuneset al. revistabrasileira de ortopedia. 51(6):662-666 doi 10.1016/j.rboe.2016.09.003

https://doaj.org/article/4b6b2192fcde48f4b12b119c434d37b5 directory of open acess journals. spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in young gymnasts spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in young gymnasts by rafael mohriak et al. brazilian journal of orthopedics . 2010; 45 (1): 79-83 doi 10.1590 / s0102-36162010000100014

https://doaj.org/article/61ea9f23e1ef4baa961164696283ea5b directory of open acess journals. the impact of sagittal balance on clinical results after posterior interbody fusion for patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis: a pilot study by chung sung-soo et al. bmc musculoskeletal disorders. 2011;12(1):69 doi 10.1186/1471-2474-12-69

https://doaj.org/article/63ee161f4f3b4e448c43d639cd6628be directory of open acess journals. guidelines for treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis by carmen yossaleth briceño-gonzález et al. coluna/columna. 15(3):238-240 doi 10.1590/s1808-185120161503164082

https://doaj.org/article/6612c3fbd34e415094469039e8f4fa16 directory of open acess journals. nonoperative versus operative treatment of patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis by jose alfredo corredor et al. coluna/columna. 2016;15(1):33-35 doi 10.1590/s1808-185120161501153514

https://doaj.org/article/757ad0a16f93443daa4daf483e0b0145 directory of open acess journals. functional results of surgical treatment for isthmic spondylolisthesis using anterior and posterior exposures by v. v. rudenkoet al. travmatologiâ i ortopediârossii. 2013;0(1):44-50 doi 10.21823/2311-2905-2013--1-44-50


Other useful information:

https://www.spineuniverse.com spine universe

http://www.back.com/index.htm back.com.

http://www.knowyourback.org/pages/default.aspxknow your back.

http://www.srs.org/ scoliosis research society.

http://www.nismat.org/homenicholas institute of sports medicine and athletic trauma.

http://www.losethebackpain.com/ the healthy bach institute.


Related vedios/ presentations:

http://www.spine-health.com/video/spondylolisthesis-symptoms-and-causes-video spine-health.spondylolisthesis symptoms and causes video.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1frbpvctgeyoutube.spondylolisthesis: 4 exercises to reduce pain (demo on real patient)


http://www.nuvasive.com/patient-solutions/indications/degenerative-spondylolisthesis/nuvasive.degenerative spondylolisthesis

https://www.slideshare.net/tecksiongfong/spondylolisthesis-35695804 slide share.spondylolisthesis.

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