Seborrheic dermatitis, also known as seborrheic eczema or simply as seborrhea, is a chronic, relapsing and usually milddermatitis. In infants seborrheic dermatitis is called cradle cap. Dandruff is a type of seborrhoeic dermatitis where inflammation is not present. Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin disorder affecting the scalp, face, and torso. Typically, seborrheic dermatitis presents with scaly, flaky, itchy, and red skin. It particularly affects the sebaceous-gland-rich areas of skin. In adolescents and adults, seborrhoeic dermatitis usually presents as scalp scaling or as redness of the nasolabial fold.
The topical antifungal medications ketoconazole and ciclopirox are both effective for the condition. It is unclear if other antifungals are equally effective as this has not been studied.
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http://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0501/p2703.html treatment of seborrheic dermatitis by betty anne johnson, m.d., ph.d., and julia r. nunley, m.d., medical college of virginia campus of virginia commonwealth university, richmond, virginia am fam physician. 2000 may 1;61(9):2703-2710.
das j, majumdar m, chakraborty u, majumdar v, mazumdar g, nath j. oral itraconazole for the treatment of severe seborrhoeic dermatitis. indian j dermatol [serial online] 2011 [cited 2016 aug 19];56:515-6. available from: http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2011/56/5/515/87137
kibar m, aktan &, bilgin m. dermoscopic findings in scalp psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis; two new signs; signet ring vessel and hidden hair. indian j dermatol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 aug 19];60:41-5. available from: http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2015/60/1/41/147786
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/drp/2014/705402/ narges alizadeh, hamed monadi nori, javad golchi, shahriar s. eshkevari, ehsan kazemnejad, and abbas darjani, “comparison the efficacy of fluconazole and terbinafine in patients with moderate to severe seborrheic dermatitis,” dermatology research and practice, vol. 2014, article id 705402, 5 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/705402