raynauds-phenomenon
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Raynaud's Phenomenon

Raynaud's Phenomenon

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020
Raynaud's Phenomenon

Raynaud’s phenomenon is a condition that affects the blood vessels in the extremities—generally, the fingers and toes. It is characterized by episodic attacks, called vasospastic attacks, in which the blood vessels in the digits (fingers and toes) constrict (narrow), usually in response to cold temperatures and/or emotional stress. When this condition occurs on its own, it is called primary Raynaud’s phenomenon. When it occurs with another condition such as scleroderma or lupus, it is called secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon. It affects 3-4% of U.S. adult population, predominately women by 3 to 1 ratio with positive family history in 20-30% of patients. The phenomenon usually occurs in the second or third decade of life.
 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.




Basic information:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/raynauds-disease/basics/definition/con-20022916. mayo clinic, raynaud's disease

https://medlineplus.gov/raynaudsdisease.html. medline plus, raynaud's disease

http://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/raynauds_phenomenon/raynauds_ff.asp. nih, raynaud’s phenomenon

http://www.medicinenet.com/raynauds_phenomenon/article.htm. medicine net.com, raynaud's phenomenon

http://patient.info/in/health/raynauds-phenomenon-leaflet. patient, raynaud's phenomenon

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/raynauds-phenomenon/pages/introduction.aspx. nhs, raynaud's phenomenon

http://www.rheumatology.org/i-am-a/patient-caregiver/diseases-conditions/raynauds-phenomenon. american college of rheumatology, raynaud’s phenomenon

http://www.webmd.com/arthritis/tc/raynauds-phenomenon-topic-overview#1. webmd, raynaud's phenomenon - topic overview

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/176713.php. medical news today, raynaud's disease: causes, symptoms and treatments

https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular-disorders/peripheral-arterial-disorders/raynaud-syndrome. merck manuals, raynaud syndrome

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/heart/disorders/arterial-disease/raynauds-phenomenon-vascular. cleveland clinic, raynauds phenomenon: overview from vascular surgery

https://www.cedars-sinai.edu/patients/health-conditions/raynauds-phenomenon.aspx. cedars-sinai, raynaud's phenomenon

https://www.gbhealthwatch.com/raynaudsdisease-details.php. gb health watch, raynaud's disease

http://www.mdguidelines.com/raynauds-phenomenon. md guidelines, raynaud’s phenomenon

 


Advanced information:

http://rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org/content/44/5/587.full. rheumatology journal, pathogenesis of raynaud's phenomenon

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=s0482-50042009000100006&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en. scielo, raynaud's phenomenon, http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0482-50042009000100006

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/331197-overview#a2. medscape, raynaud phenomenon

 


Research:

http://www.archives-pmr.org/article/s0003-9993(00)48446-7/fulltext. archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, thermographic parameters in the diagnosis of secondary raynaud's phenomenon, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/mr.2000.4870

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/113/4/e360. american academy of pediatrics publication, raynaud’s phenomenon of the nipple: a treatable cause of painful breastfeeding

http://www.expeditionmedicine.co.uk/index.php/advice/resource/r-0031.html. world extreme medicine, can people with raynaud's phenomenon travel to high altitude?

http://www.termedia.pl/botulinum-toxin-a-in-the-treatment-of-raynaud-s-phenomenon-a-systematic-review,19,24344,1,1.html. archives of medical science, botulinum toxin a in the treatment of raynaud’s phenomenon: a systematic review, doi : 10.5114/aoms.2015.48152

http://ped-rheum.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1546-0096-9-16. biomed central, primary raynaud's phenomenon in an infant: a case report and review of literature, doi: 10.1186/1546-0096-9-16, sharathkumar and castillo-caro

https://www.dovepress.com/vascular-diagnostics-for-raynaud39s-phenomenon-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-jvd. vascular diagnostics for raynaud's phenomenon, doi https://dx.doi.org/10.2147/jvd.s52943

 


Related topics:

http://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/raynauds_phenomenon/default.asp. questions and answers about raynaud’s phenomenon

http://www.healthline.com/health/cold-stimulation-test-for-raynauds-phenomenon. cold stimulation test for raynaud's phenomenon

http://kellymom.com/bf/concerns/mother/nipple-blanching/. nipple blanching and vasospasm

http://www.gponline.com/facial-raynauds-disease-case-study/rheumatology/article/1379835. facial raynaud's disease: case study

http://www.uexpress.com/ask-dr-k/2015/2/28/prevention-is-the-best-medicine-for. prevention is the best medicine for raynaud's phenomenon

http://www.rdhmag.com/articles/print/volume-33/issue-02/columns/management-of-raynauds-phenomenon.html. management of raynaud’s phenomenon

 


Other articles:

http://www.itmonline.org/journal/arts/raynauds.htm. raynaud's disease: chinese medical perspective

https://www.medicalmarijuana.com/medical-marijuana-treatments-cannabis-uses/raynauds-phenomenon-cannabis-treatment/. raynaud’s phenomenon – cannabis treatment

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/health/what-you-may-think-are-frostbite-symptoms-could-be-signs-of-raynauds-doctors-say/article15503924/. what you may think are frostbite symptoms could be signs of raynaud’s, doctors say

http://www.acupuncture.org.uk/a-to-z-of-conditions/a-to-z-of-conditions/raynauds.html. how acupuncture can help in raynaud’s?

https://www.organicfacts.net/home-remedies/raynauds-disease.html. home remedies for raynaud’s disease

 


Other helpful resources:

http://www.raynauds.org/. raynaud’s association

http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/raynauds-phenomenon/. arthritis foundation

https://www.sruk.co.uk/raynauds/. scleroderma and raynaud’s uk

http://www.mollysfund.org/2013/09/raynauds-disease-raynauds-phenomenon-symptoms-causes-treatments-prevention/. molly’s fund fighting lupus

http://arthritis.ca/. the arthritis society

 


Related videos:

http://www.brighamandwomens.org/departments_and_services/medicine/services/rheumatology/services/raynauds-disease.aspx. brigham and women’s hospital, raynaud’s disease clinic – evaluation and treatment

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzvnyeaoadg. youtube, raynaud’s syndrome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cu02tcmid24. youtube, raynaud’s disease

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrtny6x1lay. youtube, raynaud's phenomenon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ghyskeqj8tc. youtube, raynaud's disease

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=thyhvtpko_4. youtube, raynaud's phenomenon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ji8szakyc0i. youtube, medical conditions &treatments : raynaud's syndrome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vza2w4xju6q. youtube, raynaud's phenomenon

 


Presentation/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/are-your-hands-almost-alw_b_7929332. huffington post, are your hands almost always cold? you might have raynaud's syndrome

http://www.slideshare.net/fardanqadeer/raynauds-phenomenon-25806012. slideshare, raynaud’s phenomenon

http://www.slideshare.net/drbdass/raynauds-phenomenon-25706339. slideshare, raynaud's phenomenon

https://prezi.com/7p2qr9qk0wmx/raynauds-phenomenon/. prezi, raynaud's phenomenon

https://prezi.com/w8m4arxjeunl/raynauds-phenomenon/. prezi, raynaud's phenomenon

https://prezi.com/aiovkrnddisk/raynauds-phenomenon/. prezi, raynaud's phenomenon

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