radiation-dermatitis
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Radiation Dermatitis

Radiation Dermatitis

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020
Radiation Dermatitis

A radiation burn is damage to the skin or other biological tissue caused by exposure to radiation. The radiation types of greatest concern are thermal radiation, radio frequency energy, ultraviolet light and ionizing radiation.

The most common type of radiation burn is a sunburn caused by UV radiation. High exposure to X-rays during diagnostic medical imaging or radiotherapy can also result in radiation burns. As the ionizing radiation interacts with cells within the body—damaging them—the body responds to this damage, typically resulting in erythema—that is, redness around the damaged area. Radiation burns are often associated with radiation-induced cancer due to the ability of ionizing radiation to interact with and damage DNA, occasionally inducing a cell to become cancerous. Cavity magnetrons can be improperly used to create surface and internal burning. Depending on the photon energy, gamma radiation can cause very deep gamma burns, with 60Co internal burns are common. Beta burns tend to be shallow as beta particles are not able to penetrate deep into the person; these burns can be similar to sunburn.

Radiation burns can also occur with high power radio transmitters at any frequency where the body absorbs radio frequency energy and converts it to heat. The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) considers 50 watts to be the lowest power above which radio stations must evaluate emission safety. Frequencies considered especially dangerous occur where the human body can becomeresonant, at 35 MHz, 70 MHz, 80-100 MHz, 400 MHz, and 1 GHz. Exposure to microwaves of too high intensity can cause microwave burns.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://radiationtherapynews.com/radiation-dermatitis-overview/ radiation dermatitis overview

http://www.woundsource.com/patientcondition/radiation-dermatitis wounds source radiation dermatitis

http://www.curetoday.com/publications/cure/2014/spring2014/what-to-do-when-radiation-causes-skin-damage cure what to do when radiation causes skin damage

https://www.ons.org/practice-resources/pep/radiodermatitis ons.org radiation dermatitis

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/235092.php mnt manuka honey shows potential for radiation-induced dermatitis

https://www.verywell.com/what-is-radiation-recall-2249292 very well what is radiation recall?

 

Advanced information:

http://www.dermnetnz.org/reactions/radiation-dermatitis.html dermnet nz radiation dermatitis

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/751486_1 medscape evidence-based interventions for radiation dermatitis

http://www.bccancer.bc.ca/nursing-site/documents/symptom%20management%20guidelines/14radiationdermatitis.pdf bc cancer agency symptom management guidelines: radiation dermatitis

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p381.html managing the adverse effects of radiation therapy franklin j. berkey, do, penn state college of medicine, hershey, pennsylvania am fam physician. 2010 aug 15;82(4):381-388.

http://www.therapeutique-dermatologique.org/spip.php?article1608 therapeutics in dermatology radiation dermatitis

http://www.oncolink.org/resources/article.cfm?id=1050 onco link management of radiodermatitis

http://www.dovemed.com/diseases-conditions/chronic-radiation-dermatitis/ dove md chronic radiation dermatitis

http://breast-cancer.ca/rdioderms/ moose and doc radio-dermatitis

http://www.epainassist.com/skin/radiation-dermatitis e pain assist radiation dermatitis: types of radiation burn and how to manage it?

http://pathologyoutlines.com/topic/skinnontumorradiationassociated.html pathology outlines skin-nontumor other dermatoses radiation associated

https://viniferamine.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/managing_radiation_dermatitis.pdf managing radiation dermatitis

 

Research:

http://ro-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1748-717x-1-32 enhanced radiation sensitivity and radiation recall dermatitis (rrd) after hypericin therapy – case report and review of literature by kurt putnik et al., radiation oncology20061:32 doi: 10.1186/1748-717x-1-32

maeng ch, park js, lee sa, kim dh, yun dh, yoo sd, kim hs, chon j. radiation recall phenomenon presenting as myositis triggered by carboplatin plus paclitaxel and related literature review. j can res ther [serial online] 2014 [cited 2016 may 28];10:1093-7. available from: http://www.cancerjournal.net/text.asp?2014/10/4/1093/146090

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crionm/2012/271801/ case reports in oncological medicine
volume 2012 (2012), article id 271801, 3 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/271801 case report:idiopathic radiation recall dermatitis developing nine months after cessation of cisplatin therapy in treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil by stephen m. melnyk et al.,

zamanian z, mortazavi sm, asmand e, nikeghbal k. assessment of health consequences of steel industry welders' occupational exposure to ultraviolet radiation. int j prev med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 may 28];6:123. available from: http://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2015/6/1/123/172379

omidvari s, saboori h, mohammadianpanah m, mosalaei a, ahmadloo n, mosleh-shirazi ma, jowkar f, namaz s. topical betamethasone for prevention of radiation dermatitis. indian j dermatol venereol leprol [serial online] 2007 [cited 2016 may 28];73:209. available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2007/73/3/209/32755

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2015/312072/ evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine volume 2015 (2015), article id 312072, 8 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/312072 research article:prophylactic treatment with adlay bran extract reduces the risk of severe acute radiation dermatitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study by chih-jen huang et al.,

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crionm/2014/154349/ case reports in oncological medicine
volume 2014 (2014), article id 154349, 3 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/154349 case report:severe acute radiation dermatitis in a patient with argyria by p. gorayski et al.,

http://www.odermatol.com/issue-in-html/2014-3-7-carcinoma/ carcinoma erysipeloides mimicking radiation dermatitis – a case report and review of literature by nidhi sharma, tejinder kaur, preeti garg, karanjeet pal singh puri our dermatol online. 2014; 5(3): 262-263 doi:. 10.7241/ourd.20143.65

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc2913836/ curr oncol. 2010 aug; 17(4): 94–112. pmcid: pmc2913836 prophylaxis and management of acute radiation-induced skin reactions: a systematic review of the literature by n. salvo et al,

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3234031/ acute radiation dermatitis in breast cancer: topical therapy with vitamin e acetate in lipophilic gel base by s martella et al., ecancermedicalscience. 2010; 4: 190.

http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org/content/19/1/142.full consensus guidelines for the management of radiation dermatitis and coexisting acne-like rash in patients receiving radiotherapy plus egfr inhibitors for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck by j. bernier ann oncol (2008) 19 (1): 142-149.doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdm400first published online: september 4, 2007

khanna nr, kumar dp, laskar sg, laskar s. radiation dermatitis: an overview. indian j burns [serial online] 2013 [cited 2016 may 31];21:24-31. available from: http://www.ijburns.com/text.asp?2013/21/1/24/121877

http://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2407-14-53 prevention and treatment of acute radiation-induced skin reactions: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials by raymond javan chan et al., bmc cancer201414:53 doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-14-53

http://www.edselhealth.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/radiation_study.pdf topical micronutrient products signi­cantly reduced radiation dermatitis and improved patient quality of life scores in a year-over-year study of eighty two patients by david e. davenport, m.d., facr, darlene mccord, ph.d., fapwca,brenda bull r.t.(r)(t) et al.,

https://www.ima.org.il/filesupload/imaj/0/193/96915.pdf melatonin for prevention of breast radiation dermatitis: a phase ii, prospective, double-blind randomized trial by merav a. ben-david md et al., imaj • vol 18 • march-april 2016

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fsmrxl4d4di radiation rescue - radiation dermatitis information

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqvp0smyfui radiation dermatitis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l18hjsk36re watch radiation dermatitis treatment - see tips!

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3616815/can-suncream-raise-risk-skin-cancer-think-slathering-high-factor-lotion-protected-think-say-experts.html can suncream raise your risk of skin cancer? think slathering on high factor lotion will keep you protected? think again, say these experts

read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3616815/can-suncream-raise-risk-skin-cancer-think-slathering-high-factor-lotion-protected-think-say-experts.html#ixzz4adam5yh4

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