A radiation burn is damage to the skin or other biological tissue caused by exposure to radiation. The radiation types of greatest concern are thermal radiation, radio frequency energy, ultraviolet light and ionizing radiation.
The most common type of radiation burn is a sunburn caused by UV radiation. High exposure to X-rays during diagnostic medical imaging or radiotherapy can also result in radiation burns. As the ionizing radiation interacts with cells within the body—damaging them—the body responds to this damage, typically resulting in erythema—that is, redness around the damaged area. Radiation burns are often associated with radiation-induced cancer due to the ability of ionizing radiation to interact with and damage DNA, occasionally inducing a cell to become cancerous. Cavity magnetrons can be improperly used to create surface and internal burning. Depending on the photon energy, gamma radiation can cause very deep gamma burns, with 60Co internal burns are common. Beta burns tend to be shallow as beta particles are not able to penetrate deep into the person; these burns can be similar to sunburn.
Radiation burns can also occur with high power radio transmitters at any frequency where the body absorbs radio frequency energy and converts it to heat. The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) considers 50 watts to be the lowest power above which radio stations must evaluate emission safety. Frequencies considered especially dangerous occur where the human body can becomeresonant, at 35 MHz, 70 MHz, 80-100 MHz, 400 MHz, and 1 GHz. Exposure to microwaves of too high intensity can cause microwave burns.
We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.
http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p381.html managing the adverse effects of radiation therapy franklin j. berkey, do, penn state college of medicine, hershey, pennsylvania am fam physician. 2010 aug 15;82(4):381-388.
maeng ch, park js, lee sa, kim dh, yun dh, yoo sd, kim hs, chon j. radiation recall phenomenon presenting as myositis triggered by carboplatin plus paclitaxel and related literature review. j can res ther [serial online] 2014 [cited 2016 may 28];10:1093-7. available from: http://www.cancerjournal.net/text.asp?2014/10/4/1093/146090
zamanian z, mortazavi sm, asmand e, nikeghbal k. assessment of health consequences of steel industry welders' occupational exposure to ultraviolet radiation. int j prev med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 may 28];6:123. available from: http://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2015/6/1/123/172379
omidvari s, saboori h, mohammadianpanah m, mosalaei a, ahmadloo n, mosleh-shirazi ma, jowkar f, namaz s. topical betamethasone for prevention of radiation dermatitis. indian j dermatol venereol leprol [serial online] 2007 [cited 2016 may 28];73:209. available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2007/73/3/209/32755
http://www.odermatol.com/issue-in-html/2014-3-7-carcinoma/ carcinoma erysipeloides mimicking radiation dermatitis – a case report and review of literature by nidhi sharma, tejinder kaur, preeti garg, karanjeet pal singh puri our dermatol online. 2014; 5(3): 262-263doi:. 10.7241/ourd.20143.65
http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org/content/19/1/142.full consensus guidelines for the management of radiation dermatitis and coexisting acne-like rash in patients receiving radiotherapy plus egfr inhibitors for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck by j. bernier ann oncol (2008) 19 (1): 142-149.doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdm400first published online: september 4, 2007