pterygium
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Pterygium

Pterygium

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020
Pterygium

Pterygium (Surfer's Eye) most often refers to a benign growth of the conjunctiva. A pterygium commonly grows from the nasal side of the conjunctiva. It is usually present in the palpebral fissure. It is associated with and thought to be caused by ultraviolet-light exposure (e.g., sunlight), low humidity, and dust. The predominance of pterygia on the nasal side is possibly a result of the sun's rays passing laterally through the cornea, where it undergoes refraction and becomes focused on the limbic area. Sunlight passes unobstructed from the lateral side of the eye, focusing on the medial limbus after passing through the cornea. On the contralateral(medial) side, however, the shadow of the nose medially reduces the intensity of sunlight focused on the lateral/temporal limbus

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.webmd.com/eye-health/pterygium-surfers-eye web md pterygium (surfer’s eye) and pinguecula

http://www.healthline.com/health/pterygium health line pterygium

http://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/pterygium.htm all about vision pterygium: what is "surfer's eye"?

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001011.htm medline plus pterygium

http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/pinguecula-pterygium american academy of ophthalmology what is a pinguecula and a pterygium (surfer's eye)?

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/pterygium better health pterygium

http://www.healthcentral.com/encyclopedia/hc/pterygium-and-pinguecula-3168653/ health central pterygium

 

Advanced information:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1192527-overview medscape pterygium

http://www.healio.com/ophthalmology/cornea-external-disease/news/print/ocular-surgery-news/%7be1204dbb-7d45-4c08-819d-9549d642d125%7d/several-complications-can-result-from-pterygium-surgery?page=1 helio several complications can result from pterygium surgery.recurrence is the most common complication after excision.

https://www.southerncross.co.nz/group/medical-library/pterygium-causes-symptoms-treatment-prevention southern cross medical library pterygium - causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention

http://218.248.31.202/newsletterproject/issue/linkfiles/sl000259.pdf management of pterygium:clinical dr. vidya anandam, ms, aravind eye hospital, madurai

medinsight research institute. "new treatment for common incurable eye condition: pterygium/pinguecula treatment results." sciencedaily. sciencedaily, 15 march 2016. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160315121104.htm .

http://www.dovemed.com/common-procedures/procedures-surgical/pterygium-excision/ dove med pterygium excision

http://www.news-medical.net/news/20140401/new-report-reveals-potential-breakthrough-in-pterygium-treatment.aspx news medical new report reveals potential breakthrough in pterygium treatment

 

Research:

panda a, kumar s, kumar a, bansal r, bhartiya s. fibrin glue in ophthalmology. indian j ophthalmol [serial online] 2009 [cited 2016 jul 18];57:371-9. available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2009/57/5/371/55079

http://www.jemds.com/data_pdf/2_smita%20javedkar.pdf smita dileep javadekar, sindal deokrishna, kena joshi, mitmehta. “astigmatic outcome & post operative recovery in patients undergoing pterygium excision with conjunctival autografts. comparison between suture & autologous blood fibrin”. journal of evolution of medical and dental sciences 2013; vol2, issue 23,june 10; page: 4079-4090.

quraishy m s, ebenezer r. recurrence of pterygium. review of 135 cases-excision technique. indian j ophthalmol [serial online] 1972 [cited 2016 jul 18];20:171-2. available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?1972/20/4/171/34642

yadav ar, bhattad kr, sen pa, jain eb, sen a, jain bk. outcome of different techniques of pterygium excision with conjunctival autografting in pediatric population: our experience in central india. indian j ophthalmol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 jul 18];63:491-5. available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2015/63/6/491/162599

maheshwari s. effect of pterygium excision on pterygium induced astigmatism. indian j ophthalmol [serial online] 2003 [cited 2016 jul 19];51:187-8. available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2003/51/2/187/14703

gulani a, dastur y k. simultaneous pterygium and cataract surgery. j postgrad med [serial online] 1995 [cited 2016 jul 19];41:8-11. available from: http://www.jpgmonline.com/text.asp?1995/41/1/8/478

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3069871/ am j pathol. 2011 feb; 178(2): 817–827. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2010.10.037 pmcid: pmc3069871 ophthalmic pterygium:a stem cell disorder with premalignant features by jeanie chui et al.,

https://www.karger.com/article/fulltext/362113 pterygium: nonsurgical treatment using topical dipyridamole - a case report by carlock b.h et al., case rep ophthalmol 2014;5:98-103
(doi:10.1159/000362113)

http://bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2415-14-149 oxidant/antioxidant state in tissue of prymary and recurrent pterygium by alexandre kormanovski et al., bmc ophthalmology201414:149 doi: 10.1186/1471-2415-14-149

http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=s1555-79602012000300007&script=sci_arttext medicc rev. vol.14 n.3 oakland jul. 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1555-79602012000300007 lessons from the field:cataract and pterygium surgery results in venezuelan patients treated in the misión milagro program by idalia triana md mph et al.,

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0034-72802012000600006 rev. bras.oftalmol. vol.71 no.6 rio de janeiro nov./dec. 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0034-72802012000600006 artigo original:pterygium: prevalence and severity in an amazonian ophthalmic setting, brazil by sophie joanna coutts; andrew coombes

http://www.nature.com/eye/journal/v16/n5/full/6700150a.html overexpression of p53 tumor suppressor gene in pterygia by o weinstein et al., eye (2002) 16, 619–621. doi: 10.1038/sj.eye.6700150

http://www.omicsonline.org/pterygium-and-rate-of-dysplasia-in-surgical-specimens-2155-9570.1000166.php?aid=795 sun ll, warrier s, beckingsale p (2011) pterygium and rate of dysplasia in surgical specimens. j clinic experiment ophthalmol 2:166. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000166

 

Other articles:

http://www.igdf.org.uk/eye-conditions-and-blindness/pterygium/ international guide dog federation pterygium

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nugbuo09wui pterygium excision with conjunctival autografting

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfll4gub85m pterygium surgery

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eienssrq7ma pterygium surgery

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=membv1bp0nu pterygium surgery video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mm_fgvwms94 pterygium animation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iakjdmvqbvo pterygium surgery surgical pearls, dr. john hovanesian harvard eye assoc, California

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.medicaldaily.com/surfing-cure-pterygium-surfer-treats-eye-disease-30-foot-wave-remove-fibrous-tissue-276400 medical daily a surfing cure for pterygium? surfer treats eye disease with 30-foot wave to remove fibrous tissue

http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/hyderabad/sutureless-pterygium-surgery-catching-up/2015/05/17/article2818652.ece new indian express sutureless pterygium surgery catching up

 

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