Polycystic kidney disease (PKD or PCKD, also known as polycystic kidney syndrome) is a genetic disorder in which abnormal cysts develop and grow in the kidneys. Cystic disorders can express themselves at any point, infancy, childhood, or adulthood. The disease occurs in humans and some other animals. PKD is characterized by the presence of multiple cysts (hence, "polycystic") typically in both kidneys; however, 17% of cases initially present with observable disease in one kidney, with most cases progressing to bilateral disease in adulthood.
Polycystic kidney disease is one of the most common hereditary diseases in the United States, affecting more than 600,000 people. It is the cause of nearly 10% of end-stage renal disease and affects men, women, and all races equally
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kulkarni rr, addagadde pv. organic depression and terson's syndrome in adult polycystic kidney disease: case report and review of literature. indian j psychol med [serial online] 2014 [cited 2016 may 11];36:94-7. available from: http://www.ijpm.info/text.asp?2014/36/1/94/127267