Palliative Care

Palliative Care

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Palliative Care

Palliative care is a multidisciplinary approach to specialized medical care for people with serious illnesses. It focuses on providing patients with relief from the symptoms, pain,physical stress, and mental stress of a serious illness—whatever the diagnosis. The goal of such therapy is to improve quality of life for both the patient and the family. Palliative care is provided by a team of physicians, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists and other health professionals who work together with the primary care physician and referred specialists (or, for patients who don't have those, hospital or hospice staff) to provide an extra layer of support. It is appropriate at any age and at any stage in a serious illness and can be provided as the main goal of care or along with curative treatment. Therefore, although it is an important part of end-of-life care, it is not limited to that stage. Palliative care can be provided across multiple settings including in hospitals, in the patient's home, as part of community palliative care programs, and in skilled nursing facilities.

Interdisciplinary palliative care teams work with patients and their families to clarify goals of care and provide symptom management, psycho-social, and spiritual support.

Physicians sometimes use the term palliative care in a sense meaning palliative therapies without curative intent, when no cure can be expected (as often happens in late-stagecancers). For example, tumor debulking can continue to reduce pain from mass effect even when it is no longer curative. A clearer usage is palliative, noncurative therapy when that is what is meant, because palliative care can be used along with curative or aggressive therapies.

Starting in 2006 in the United States, palliative medicine is now a board certified sub-speciality of internal medicine with specialised fellowships for physicians who are interested in the field. Palliative care utilises a multidisciplinary approach to patient care, relying on input from pharmacists, nurses, chaplains, social workers, psychologists and other allied health professionals in formulating a plan of care to relieve suffering in all areas of a patient's life. This multidisciplinary approach allows the palliative care team to address physical, emotional, spiritual and social concerns that arise with advanced illness.

Medications and treatments are said to have a palliative effect if they relieve symptoms without having a curative effect on the underlying disease or cause. This can include treating nausea related to chemotherapy or something as simple as morphine to treat the pain of broken leg or ibuprofen to treat aching related to an influenza (flu) infection.

Although the concept of palliative care is not new, most physicians have traditionally concentrated on trying to cure patients.

The focus on a person's quality of life has increased greatly since the 1990s. In the United States today, 55% of hospitals with more than 100 beds offer a palliative-care program, and nearly one-fifth of community hospitals have palliative-care programs. A relatively recent development is the palliative-care team, a dedicated health care team that is entirely geared toward palliative treatment.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.



Basic information: national cancer institute palliative care in cancer medline plus what is palliative care? web md what is palliative care? web md what is palliative care? mayo clinic palliative care mayoclinic palliative care: symptom relief during illness kids health palliative care university of maryland palliative care help guide hospice and palliative care very well palliative care for stroke health service executive about palliative care news medical what is palliative care? help guide hospice and palliative care


Advanced information: medline plus palliative care national care givers library the differences between hospice and palliative care. who definition of palliative care patient palliative care national kidney organisation palliative care helps patients with kidney disease cleveland clinic palliative care


Research: better palliative care for allimproving the lived experience with cancer by arif h. kamal, md, mba, mhs et al., jama. 2016;316(1):29-30. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6491


Other helpful resources(support groups): get palliative care canadian virtual hospice palliative care australia center to advance palliative care pallium india european association for palliative care edmonton zone palliative care program african palliative care association the national palliative care research center (npcrc) american cancer society worldwidw hospice and palliative care alliance indian association of palliativecare palliative care victoria the irish hospice foundation all ireland institute of hospice and palliative care public heath palliative care international


Related videos: palliative care: you are a bridge palliative care: what is it and who is it for? understanding palliative care faces of palliative care introduction to palliative care


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles: daily mail georgia love's mother admitted to palliative care for 'aggressive' pancreatic cancer... just days before the bachelorette finale

read more:
follow us: @mailonline on twitter | dailymail on facebook forbes what's the difference between palliative care and hospice? the atlantic what it feels like to die times of india palliative care is in need of a lifeline kaiser health news most hospital palliative care programs are understaffed new york times in palliative care, comfort is the top priority stat news patients with terminal cancer live longer when cared for at home news georgia love’s mum admitted to palliative care for ‘aggressive’ cancer health day palliative care' gets a bad rap, study finds

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