Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020

Neurocysticercosis is a specific form of the infectious parasitic disease cysticercosis which is caused by infection with Taenia solium, a tapeworm found in pigs. Neurocysticercosis occurs when cysts formed by the infection grow within the brain causing neurologic syndromes such as epileptic seizures. It has been called a "hidden epidemic"and "arguably the most common parasitic disease of the human nervous system".

Cysticercosis in the United States, which commonly presents in the form of neurocysticercosis, has been classified as a "neglected tropical disease",which commonly affects the poor and homeless. Neurocysticercosis most commonly involves the cerebral cortex followed by the cerebellum. The pituitary gland is very rarely involved in neurocysticercosis. The cysts may rarely coalesce and form a tree-like pattern which is known as racemose neurocysticercosis, which when involving the pituitary gland may result in multiple pituitary hormone deficiency.

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Basic information: med india neurocysticercosis american nurse today neurocysticercosis symptom find neurocysticercosis md edge perilesional brain edema is associated with seizures in neurocysticercosis scitech daily scientists find cure for neurocysticercosis, a major cause of seizures symptoma neurocysticercosis very well neurocysticercosis


Advanced information: medscape neurocysticercosis neurocysticercosis treatment & management world health organisation 10 facts about neurocysticercosis radiopedia neurocysticercosis


Research: mahanty s, orrego ma, mayta h, marzal m, cangalaya c, paredes a, et al. (2015) posttreatment vascular leakage and inflammatory responses around brain cysts in porcine neurocysticercosis. plos negl trop dis 9(3):e0003577. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003577

menon b, goyal r. burden of neurocysticercosis-treatable but also preventable. ann trop med public health [serial online] 2012 [cited 2017 jan 2];5:625-6. available from: n. chowdhury, a. saleque, n. k. sood, and l. d. singla, “induced neurocysticercosis in rhesus monkeys (macaca mulatta) produces clinical signs and lesions similar to natural disease in man,” the scientific world journal, vol. 2014, article id 248049, 5 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/248049 an uncommon cause of seizures in children living in developed countries: neurocysticercosis -a case report by irene raffaldi et al., italian journal of pediatrics201137:9 doi: 10.1186/1824-7288-37-9

varghese v, chandra sr, christopher r, rajeswaran j, prasad c, subasree r, issac tg. cognitive dysfunction and its determinants in patients with neurocysticercosis. indian j psychol med [serial online] 2016 [cited 2017 jan 2];38:142-6. available from:

kumar ap, subrahmanyam ds. neurocysticercosis presenting as pseudobulbar palsy. j neurosci rural pract [serial online] 2014 [cited 2017 jan 2];5:76-7. available from:

singh n n, verma r, pankaj b k, misra s. cauda-conus syndrome resulting from neurocysticercosis . neurol india [serial online] 2003 [cited 2017 jan 2];51:118-20. available from:

mohapatra rn, pattanaik jk, satpathy sk, joshi s. isolated and silent spinal neurocysticercosis associated with pseudotumor cerebri. indian j ophthalmol [serial online] 2008 [cited 2017 jan 2];56:249-51. available from:

jain rs, nagpal k, handa r. reversible dementia as presenting manifestation of racemose neurocysticercosis. ann indian acad neurol [serial online] 2013 [cited 2017 jan 2];16:452-3. available from: : bruno e, bartoloni a, zammarchi l, strohmeyer m, bartalesi f, et al. (2013) epilepsy and neurocysticercosis in latin america: a systematic review and meta-analysis. plos negl trop dis 7(10): e2480. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002480

husain n, jyotsna, bagchi m, husain m, mishra m k, gupta s. evaluation of cysticercus fasciolaris antigen for the immunodiagnosis of neurocysticercosis. neurol india [serial online] 2001 [cited 2017 jan 2];49:375. available from:

prasad r, kapoor k, srivastava a, mishra o p. neurocysticercosis presenting as millard gubler syndrome. j neurosci rural pract [serial online] 2012 [cited 2017 jan 2];3:375-7. available from:

kasundra gm, bhargava an, bhushan b, khichar s, sood i. disseminated neurocysticercosis presenting as isolated acute monocular painless vision loss. j neurosci rural pract [serial online] 2014 [cited 2017 jan 2];5, suppl s1:89-92. available from: degiorgio cm, medina mt, durón r, zee c, escueta sp. neurocysticercosis.epilepsy currents. 2004;4(3):107-111. doi:10.1111/j.1535-7597.2004.43008.x. christina m. coyle and herbert b. tanowitz, “diagnosis and treatment of neurocysticercosis,”interdisciplinary perspectives on infectious diseases, vol. 2009, article id 180742, 9 pages, 2009. doi:10.1155/2009/180742


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