Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)/Camel Flu

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)/Camel Flu

Last Reviewed : 12/28/2020
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)/Camel Flu

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), also known as camel flu, is a viral respiratory infection caused by the MERS-coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Symptoms may range from mild to severe. They include fever, cough, diarrhea, and shortness of breath. Disease is typically more severe in those with other health problems.

MERS-CoV is a betacoronavirus derived from bats. Camels have been shown to have antibodies to MERS-CoV but the exact source of infection in camels has not been identified. Camels are believed to be involved in its spread to humans but it is unclear how. Spread between humans typically requires close contact with an infected person. Its spread is uncommon outside of hospitals.[3] Thus, its risk to the global population is currently deemed to be fairly low.

As of 2015 there is no specific vaccine or treatment for the disease. However, a number of antiviral medications are currently being studied. The World Health Organization recommends that those who come in contact with camels wash their hands frequently and do not touch sick camels.[2] They also recommend that camel products be appropriately cooked. Among those who are infected treatments that help with the symptoms may be given.

Just over 1000 cases of the disease have been reported as of May 2015. About 40% of those who become infected die from the disease. The first identified case occurred in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and most cases have occurred in the Arabian Peninsula. Astrain of MERS-CoV known as HCoV-EMC/2012 found in the first infected person in London in 2012 was found to have a 100% match to Egyptian tomb bats. A large outbreak occurred in the Republic of Korea in 2015.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information:

http://www.health.gov.au/mers-coronavirus the department of health australia middle east respiratory syndrome (mers)

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000723.htm medline plus middle east respiratory syndrome

http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/diseases-and-conditions/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov health governament new zealand middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (mers-cov)

http://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/johns_hopkins_abx_guide/540624/all/middle_east_respiratory_syndrome_coronavirus__mers_cov _ john hopkins medical center middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (mers-cov)

http://www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/advice/disease-prevention-advice/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome.aspx fit for travel middle east respiratory syndrome (mers cov)

http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/infections/viral-infections/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers merck manuals(consumer version) middle east respiratory syndrome


Advanced information:

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/mers-cov/en/ world health organisation middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (mers-cov)

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/262538.php medical news today what is mers? what you need to know

http://www.medicinenet.com/mers_middle_east_respiratory_syndrome/article.htm medicine net middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection (mers-cov infection)

http://www.uptodate.com/contents/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-virology-pathogenesis-and-epidemiology upto date middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus: virology, pathogenesis, and epidemiology

american thoracic society. "middle east respiratory syndrome linked to higher mortality, more severe illness than serious non-mers infection." sciencedaily. sciencedaily, 18 may 2016. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160518125543.htm .

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2218969-overview medscape middle east respiratory syndrome (mers)

http://radiopaedia.org/articles/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-1 radiopedia middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (mers-cov)



http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crinm/2016/3502683/ case reports in neurological medicine
volume 2016 (2016), article id 3502683, 6 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3502683 case report:neurological complications of middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus: a report of two cases and review of the literature by hussein algahtani et al.,

https://ccforum.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13054-016-1234-4 critically ill patients with middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection by hasan m. al-dorzi,sami alsolamy and yaseen m. arabi.,critical care201620:65 doi: 10.1186/s13054-016-1234-4

http://jvi.asm.org/content/87/14/7790.long middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (mers-cov): announcement of the coronavirus study group by raoul j. de groot et al., j. virol. july 2013 vol. 87 no. 14 7790-7792

bhatia pk, sethi p, gupta n, biyani g. middle east respiratory syndrome: a new global threat. indian j anaesth [serial online] 2016 [cited 2016 jun 14];60:85-8. available from: http://www.ijaweb.org/text.asp?2016/60/2/85/176286

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1201971215001381 middle east respiratory syndrome– advancing the public health and research agenda on mers- lessons from the south korea outbreak by eskild petersen et al., international journal of infectious diseases volume 36, july 2015, pages 54–55 doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2015.06.004

http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=pmc4689477&blobtype=pdf zhao g, jiang y, qiu h, gao t, zeng y,guo y, et al. (2015) multi-organ damage in human dipeptidyl peptidase 4 transgenic mice infected with middle east respiratory syndrome-coronavirus.plos one 10(12): e0145561. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145561

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s2214109x15701452 livestock movement and emerging zoonotic disease outbreaks: applying ecological, network, and sociocultural theories to assess the risk of middle east respiratory syndrome from camel trade in ethiopia and egypt by a roess et al., the lancet global health volume 3, supplement 1, march 2015, pages s26 consortium of universities for global health, 6th annual conference doi:10.1016/s2214-109x(15)70145-2

http://f1000research.com/articles/2-163/v1 wickramage k, peiris s and agampodi sb. “don’t forget the migrants”: exploring preparedness and response strategies to combat the potential spread of mers-cov virus through migrant workers in sri lanka[version 1; referees: 2 approved, 1 approved with reservations]. f1000research 2013, 2:163 (doi:10.12688/f1000research.2-163.v1)

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1201971214016440 middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (mers-cov) viral shedding in the respiratory tract: an observational analysis with infection control implications by ziad a. memish et al., international journal of infectious diseases volume 29, december 2014, pages 307–308 doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2014.10.002

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1201971215002283 conservation of nucleotide sequences for molecular diagnosis of middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus, 2015 by yuki furuseet al., international journal of infectious diseases volume 40, november 2015, pages 25–27

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1201971215001587 middle east respiratory syndrome - need for increased vigilance and watchful surveillance for mers-cov in sub-saharan africa by alimuddin zumla et al., international journal of infectious diseases volume 37, august 2015, pages 77–79 doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2015.06.020

fakhoury h, hajeer a. re-emerging middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus: the hibernating bat hypothesis. ann thorac med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 jun 14];10:218-9. available from: http://www.thoracicmedicine.org/text.asp?2015/10/3/218/160847

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1201971215001812 probable transmission chains of middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus and the multiple generations of secondary infection in south korea by shui shan lee et al., international journal of infectious diseases

volume 38, september 2015, pages 65–67 doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2015.07.014


Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t73aogjuqgc mers - middle eastern respiratory syndrome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=drft0jio-s8 coronavirus- catches you 50% sure you will die middle east respiratory syndrome mers-cov) alert !!!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=onunjafxs1s prevent middle east respiratory syndrome

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-iggux1jms health watch: middle east respiratory syndrome corona virus (mers-cov) [ptv plug 2014]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n1y52in93t4 the mers virus, explained. (long story short)


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/saudiarabia/10806256/mers-outbreak-q-and-a.html the yelegraph mers virus: everything you need to know

http://www.bbc.com/news/health-19699677 bbc news mers: the new coronavirus explained

http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/594130/what-mers-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-manchester-infirmary express what is mers? all you need to know about deadly middle east respiratory syndrome

http://arstechnica.com/science/2015/06/the-ongoing-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers-outbreak-in-korea/ ars technica the ongoing middle east respiratory syndrome (mers) outbreak in korea

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