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Leishmaniasis/ Kala-Azar/ Sand Fly Disease

Leishmaniasis/ Kala-Azar/ Sand Fly Disease

Last Reviewed : 12/28/2020
Leishmaniasis/ Kala-Azar/ Sand Fly Disease

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by different species of the genus Leishmania, transmitted through the bite of hematophagous female phlebotomine sand flies. The clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic to clinically overt disease which can remain localized to the skin or disseminate to the upper oral and respiratory mucous membranes or throughout the reticulo-endothelial system. Three main clinical syndromes have been described: visceral, cutaneous, and mucocutaneousleishmaniasis. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 12 million people are infected with leishmaniasis across 98 countries.As many as 20,000-30,000 die at the hands of the disease yearly; millions more are permanently scarred.
 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


 

Basic information:

http://patient.info/in/doctor/leishmaniasis. patient, leishmaniasis

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/extraintestinal-protozoa/leishmaniasis. merck manuals, leishmaniasis

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/220298-overview. medscape, leishmaniasis

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001386.htm. medline plus, leishmaniasis

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs375/en/. who, leishmaniasis

https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/leishmaniasis/. cdc, leishmaniasis

http://www.healthline.com/health/leishmaniasis. health line, leishmaniasis

http://www.medicinenet.com/leishmaniasis/article.htm. medicine net, leishmaniasis

http://www.dermnetnz.org/topics/leishmaniasis/. dermnet, leishmaniasis

http://www.dovemed.com/diseases-conditions/leishmaniasis/. dove med, leishmaniasis
 

Advanced information:

http://pmj.bmj.com/content/83/976/649. bmj, leishmaniasis

http://cvi.asm.org/content/9/5/951.full. clinical and vaccine immunology, laboratory diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis

https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/sandfly-and-leishmaniasis-a-review-2157-7625-1000207.php?aid=79915. journal of ecosystem &ecography, sandfly and leishmaniasis: a review

https://academic.oup.com/cid/article/63/12/e202/2645609/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-leishmaniasis-clinical. diagnosis and treatment of leishmaniasis: clinical practice guidelines by the infectious diseases society of america (idsa) and the american society of tropical medicine and hygiene (astmh)

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1455.html. american family physician, cutaneous leishmaniasis: recognition and treatment

https://medlineplus.gov/leishmaniasis.html. medline plus, leishmaniasis
 

Research:

https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-016-1553-y. biomed central, possibilities and challenges for developing a successful vaccine for leishmaniasis, srivastava et al. 2016, doi: 10.1186/s13071-016-1553-y

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2015/815023/. advances in development of new treatment for leishmaniasis, biomed research international, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/815023

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa011882#t=articletop. nejm, fluconazole for the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by leishmania major, doi: 10.1056/nejmoa011882

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1678-91992006000400002. impact of leishmaniasis on public health, http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1678-91992006000400002

https://www.esciencecentral.org/journals/leishmaniasis-epidemiology-control-and-future-perspectives-with-special-emphasis-on-egypt-2329-891x-1000153.php?aid=41321. leishmaniasis: epidemiology, control and future perspectives, journal of tropical diseases & public health, doi:10.4172/2329-891x.1000153

https://elifesciences.org/content/5/e12613. evolutionary genomics of epidemic visceral leishmaniasis, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/elife.12613

http://www.nature.com/nrmicro/journal/v5/n11_supp/full/nrmicro1748.html. visceral leishmaniasis: what are the needs for diagnosis, treatment and control? nature reviews microbiology, s7-s16 (november 2007) | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1748

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00151/full. cutaneous leishmaniasis vaccination: a matter of quality, https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00151

http://www.arquivosdeorl.org.br/additional/acervo_eng.asp?id=794. dermatologic and otorhinolaryngologic manifestations in leishmaniasis, doi: 10.1590/s1809-48722011000300017
 

Related topics:

http://www.who.int/leishmaniasis/en/. who, leishmaniasis

https://www.niaid.nih.gov/diseases-conditions/leishmaniasis. niaid, leishmaniasis
 


Other articles:

http://www.fda.gov/newsevents/newsroom/pressannouncements/ucm389671.htm. fda approves impavido to treat tropical disease leishmaniasis

http://www.rroij.com/open-access/leishmaniasis-an-emerging-disease-in-mumbai-maharashtra-india.php?aid=34785. leishmaniasis: an emerging disease

http://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?hsa05140. kegg pathway

http://2016.igem.org/team:ucc_ireland/leishmaniasis. the development of an oral vaccine against leishmaniasis using our limitless lactis protein-producing platform
 

Other helpful resources:

http://leishmaniaresearchsociety.org.in/. leishmaniasis research society
 


Videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uzrqn1s5lvi. youtube, leishmaniasis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uj7c_ckyfqq. youtube, life cycle of leishmania in the human host

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mv6qx3vz6yk. youtube, leishmaniasis life cycle
 

Presentation/quiz/newspaper:

http://www.slideshare.net/doctorrao/leishmaniasis-13260245. slideshare, leishmaniasis

http://www.slideshare.net/devendraniranjan/leishmania-lecture. slideshare, leishmaniasis

http://www.powershow.com/view/83ef-mdhlo/leishmaniasis_powerpoint_ppt_presentation. ppt, leishmaniasis

https://prezi.com/lixwxznggqip/copy-of-copy-of-leishmaniasis/. prezi, leishmaniasis
 

https://prezi.com/g1b5kvi03dfu/leishmaniasis/. prezi, leishmaniasis

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