Lead poisoning/plumbism

Lead poisoning/plumbism

Last Reviewed : 12/28/2020

Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by increased levels of the heavy metal lead in the body. Like most toxic heavy metals, lead interferes with a variety of body processes and is toxic to many organs and tissues, including the heart, bones, intestines, kidneys, and reproductive and nervous systems. The brain is the organ most sensitive to lead exposure. Lead interferes with the development of the nervous system and is therefore particularly toxic to children, causing potentially permanent learning and behavior disorders including violence. Symptoms include abdominal pain, confusion, headache, anemia, irritability, and in severe cases seizures, coma, and death.

Routes of exposure to lead include contaminated air, water, soil, food, and consumer products. Occupational exposure is a common cause of lead poisoning in adults. According to estimates made by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), more than 3 million workers in the United States are potentially exposed to lead in the workplace. One of the largest threats to children is lead paint that exists in many homes, especially older ones; thus children in older housing with chipping paint or lead dust from moveable window frames with lead paint are at greater risk. Prevention of lead exposure can range from individual efforts (e.g., removing lead-containing items such as piping or blinds from the home) to nationwide policies (e.g., laws that ban lead in products, reduce allowable levels in water or soil, or provide for cleanup and mitigation of contaminated soil, etc.)

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.




Basic information:

http://www.healthline.com/health/lead-poisoning health line lead poisoning

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002473.htm medline plus lead poisoning

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lead-poisoning/basics/definition/con-20035487 mayo clinic lead poisoning

http://www.webmd.com/children/tc/lead-poisoning-topic-overview#1 web md lead poisoning - topic overview

http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/lead-poisoning.html kids health about lead poisoning

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/lead-exposure-and-poisoningbetter health lead exposure and poisoning

https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/conditions/leadpoison/ lab tests online lead poisoning

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/30/us/lead-poisoning.html?_r=0 new york times the facts about lead exposure and its irreversible damage


http://www.livescience.com/53168-michigan-lead-poisoning-health-effects.html live science lead poisoning threatens michigan kids: what are the risks?

http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/en/healthaz/safetyandtheenvironment/poisoning/pages/leadpoisoning.aspx about kids health lead poisoning

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/childrens-hospital/health-info/diseases-conditions/hic-lead-poisoning cleveland clinic lead poisoning

http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/kids/home-safety/lead-poisoning-in-children.html family doctor lead poisoning in children


Advanced information:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1174752-overview medscape lead toxicity

http://www.who.int/ceh/publications/leadguidance.pdf who childhood lead poisoning

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs379/en/ who lead poisoning and health

http://patient.info/in/doctor/lead-poisoning-pro patient lead poisoning

http://www.medicinenet.com/lead_poisoning/article.htm medicine net lead poisoning

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/306601.php medical news today lead poisoning: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment



https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jt/2011/870125/ eman m. alissa and gordon a. ferns, “heavy metal poisoning and cardiovascular disease,” journal of toxicology, vol. 2011, article id 870125, 21 pages, 2011. doi:10.1155/2011/870125

http://darujps.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1560-8115-20-2 a systematic review on status of lead pollution and toxicity in iran; guidance for preventive measures by parissa karrari et al., daru journal of pharmaceutical sciences201220:2 doi: 10.1186/1560-8115-20-2

http://darujps.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/2008-2231-20-70 perspective on lead toxicity, a comparison between the united states and iran by ali pourmand et al., daru journal of pharmaceutical sciences201220:70 doi: 10.1186/2008-2231-20-70

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc1874356/ br j clin pharmacol. 2002 may; 53(5): 451–458. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2125.2002.01580.x pmcid: pmc1874356 lead poisoning: case studies by j n gordon, a taylor, and p n bennett

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep23716 prevention of gastrointestinal lead poisoning using recombinant lactococcus lactis expressing human metallothionein-i fusion protein by xue xiao et al, scientific reports 6, article number: 23716 (2016)doi:10.1038/srep23716




Other articles:

http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/toxicology/lead_poisoning/overview_of_lead_poisoning.html the merck veterinary manual overview of lead poisoning

http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/digestive/c_dg_lead_poisoning pet md lead poisoning in dogs


Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hprcswxwl0k lead poisoning: possible signs and symptoms in children

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ilw_hkr22gy lead poisoning - everything you need to know - dr. nabil ebraheim

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fglvxfttht0 lead poisoning lecture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xlvumwubdla history and uses of lead and lead poisoning (full version) caravanos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=egpy4y8ct38 lead poisoning


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/freddie-grays-life-a-study-in-the-sad-effects-of-lead-paint-on-poor-blacks/2015/04/29/0be898e6-eea8-11e4-8abc-d6aa3bad79dd_story.html washington post freddie gray’s life a study on the effects of lead paint on poor blacks

http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2013/03/21/lead-poisoning-ignored-scandal/ the new york review of books lead poisoning – ignored scandal.

http://edition.cnn.com/2016/08/30/health/indiana-lead-contamination/ cnn 'how dare you ... let our kids play in lead and arsenic soil,' says mom to indiana officials

http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2016/02/lead-exposure-gasoline-crime-increase-children-health mother jones lead: america's real criminal element

http://www.npr.org/2016/06/05/480595028/lead-poisoning-a-doctors-lifelong-crusade-to-save-children-from-it npr.org lead poisoning: a doctor's lifelong crusade to save children from it

http://www.vox.com/a/lead-exposure-risk-map vox the risk of lead poisoning isn’t just in flint. so we mapped the risk in every neighborhood in america.

http://www.citylab.com/politics/2016/02/the-long-ugly-history-of-the-politics-of-lead-poisoning/461871/ city lab the long, ugly history of the politics of lead poisoning

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/aug/05/korryn-gaines-baltimore-lead-poisoning-crisis the guardian korryn gaines: police killing highlights baltimore's lead poisoning crisis

http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-lead-poisoning-chicago-met-20150501-story.html chicago tribune lead paint poisons poor chicago kids as city spends millions less on cleanup

http://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/black-children-at-risk-for-lead-poisoning-_n_7672920 huffington post lead poisoning is still a public health crisis for african-americans

http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-over-23-of-total-blood-samples-test-positive-for-lead-poisoning-in-india-study-2094539 dna india over 23% of total blood samples test positive for 'lead' poisoning in india: study

https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2016/04/11/low-income-minority-areas-seen-lead-poisoning-hot-spots/zjajsl1whhektl8kcsm0nn/story.html boston globe low-income, minority areas seen as lead poisoning hot spots

http://www.nj.com/essex/index.ssf/2016/03/newark_to_test_17000_children_for_possible_lead_po.html nj.com 17,000 newark children to be tested for lead poisoning

http://time.com/4286726/lead-poisoning-in-america/ time how to finally end lead poisoning in america

http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2016/08/estimated-cost-of-lead-poisoning-in-flint-395-million/494927/ the atlantic cost of lead poisoning in flint now estimated at $458 million

https://www.statnews.com/2016/01/22/flint-children-lead-exposure/ stat news crisis in flint shows how far we’ve come on lead. and how far we need to go.

http://theweek.com/articles/646197/how-lead-poisoning-wreaks-havoc-american-education the week how lead poisoning wreaks havoc on american education

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140829-poison-eagle-lead-bullet-rescue-wildlife-science-winged-warning/ national geographic many bald eagles are victims of lead poisoning, but this one got intensive care

http://www.latimes.com/opinion/readersreact/la-le-0210-wednesday-lead-poisoning-20160210-story.html la times the federal government stands between you and lead poisoning

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/lead-poisoning-affects-20-kolkata-kids/articleshow/21062303.cms times of india lead poisoning affects 20% kolkata kids

http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/flint-water-crisis/parents-tragic-2-year-old-lead-poisoning-sue-flint-n513861 nbc news parents of 'tragic' 2-year-old with lead poisoning sue flint


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