Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease. Kidney transplantation is typically classified as deceased-donor (formerly known as cadaveric) or living-donor transplantation depending on the source of the donor organ. Living-donor renal transplants are further characterised as genetically related (living-related) or non-related (living-unrelated) transplants, depending on whether a biological relationship exists between the donor and recipient. Exchanges and chains are a novel approach to expand the living donor pool. In February 2012, this novel approach to expand the living donor pool was featured on the front page of the New York Times in a story covering the largest chain in the world involving 60 participants organized by the National Kidney Registry. In 2014 the record for the largest chain was broken again by a swap involving 70 participants, covered by ABC News
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shen e, uemura t, kadry z, sathishkumar s. successful living donor kidney transplantation in a patient with prothrombin gene mutation: case report and literature review. j anaesthesiol clin pharmacol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2016 jun 14];30:106-8. available from: http://www.joacp.org/text.asp?2014/30/1/106/125718
khedmat h, amini m, ghamar-chehreh me. colorectal involvement by post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders: a review of 81 cases. saudi j kidney dis transpl [serial online] 2014 [cited 2016 jun 14];25:597-604. available from: http://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2014/25/3/597/132201