insomnia
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Insomnia

Insomnia

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Insomnia

Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.They may have difficulty falling asleep, or staying asleep as long as desired.Insomnia is typically followed by daytime sleepiness, low energy, irritability, and a depressed mood. It may result in an increased risk of motor vehicle collisions, as well as problems focusing and learning. Insomnia can be short term, lasting for days or weeks, or long term, lasting more than a month.

Insomnia can occur independently or as a result of another problem. Conditions that can result in insomnia includepsychological stress, chronic pain, heart failure, hyperthyroidism, heartburn, restless leg syndrome, menopause, certain medications, and drugs such as caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol. Other risk factors include working night shifts and sleep apnea. Diagnosis is based on sleep habits and an examination to look for underlying causes. A sleep study may be done to look for underlying sleep disorders. Screening may be done with two questions: "do you experience difficulty sleeping?" and "do you have difficulty falling or staying asleep?"

Sleep hygiene and lifestyle changes are typically the first treatment for insomnia. Sleep hygiene includes a consistent bedtime, exposure to sunlight, a quiet and dark room, and regular exercise. Cognitive behavioral therapy may be added to this. While sleeping pills may help, they are associated with injuries, dementia, and addiction. Medications are not recommended for more than four or five weeks. The effectiveness and safety of alternative medicine is unclear.

Between 10% and 30% of adults have insomnia at any given point in time and up to half of people have insomnia in a given year. About 6% of people have insomnia that is not due to another problem and lasts for more than a month. People over the age of 65 are affected more often than younger people.Females are more often affected than males.Descriptions of insomnia occur at least as far back as ancient Greece.

 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/insomnia-symptoms-and-causes#1 web md an overview of insomnia

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/home/ovc-20256955 mayo clinic insomnia

https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/inso national heart lung and blood institute what is insomnia?

http://www.helpguide.org/articles/sleep/cant-sleep-insomnia-treatment.htm help guide can’t sleep? How to recognize and treat insomnia

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/insomnia/pages/introduction.aspx nhs uk insomnia

https://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/insomnia psychology today what is insomnia?

http://umm.edu/health/medical/reports/articles/insomnia university of maryland medical center insomnia

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000805.htm medline plus insomnia - overview

http://www.healthline.com/health/insomnia-concerns health line insomnia concerns

http://www.livescience.com/34756-sleep-disorder-insomnia.html live science insomnia: symptoms, treatment & prevention

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/neurological_institute/sleep-disorders-center/disorders-conditions/hic-insomniacleveland clinic insomnia

http://psychcentral.com/disorders/insomnia-symptoms/ psych central insomnia disorder symptoms

http://www.bupa.co.uk/health-information/directory/i/insomnia bupa insomnia

http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/mens_health/insomnia_134,136/ john hopkins medical library insomnia

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/sleep-and-wakefulness-disorders/insomnia-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-eds merck manuals (professional version) insomnia and excessive daytime sleepiness (eds)

 

Advanced information:

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/9155.php insomnia: causes, symptoms and treatments

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1187829-overview medscape insomnia

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/insomnia/article_em.htm emedicine health insomnia

https://www.cognifit.com/insomnia cognifit brain stimulation program to help treat and fight against insomnia.

http://patient.info/in/health/insomnia-poor-sleep patient insomnia (poor sleep)

 

Research:

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2011/236341/ fang-pey chen, maw-shiou jong, yu-chun chen, et al., “prescriptions of chinese herbal medicines for insomnia in taiwan during 2002,” evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, vol. 2011, article id 236341, 9 pages, 2011. Doi:10.1093/ecam/nep018

https://www.hindawi.com/archive/2014/246342/ alexandre abilio de souza teixeira, giselle soares passos, francieli silva ruiz, et al., “improvements in chronic primary insomnia after exercise training are correlated with changes in metabolic and hormonal profile,” journal of hormones, vol. 2014, article id 246342, 6 pages, 2014. Doi:10.1155/2014/246342

https://www.hindawi.com/archive/2014/246342/ alexandre abilio de souza teixeira, giselle soares passos, francieli silva ruiz, et al., “improvements in chronic primary insomnia after exercise training are correlated with changes in metabolic and hormonal profile,” journal of hormones, vol. 2014, article id 246342, 6 pages, 2014. Doi:10.1155/2014/246342

http://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6874-7-1 insomnia symptoms and repressive coping in a sample of older black and white women by girardin jean-louis et al., bmc women's health20077:1 doi: 10.1186/1472-6874-7-1

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0004-282x2014000100003&lng=en&tlng=en arq. Neuro-psiquiatr. Vol.72 no.1 são paulo jan. 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282x20130236 editorials insomnia: can it be treated? By stella tavares

http://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2431-6-23 hypnosis for treatment of insomnia in school-age children: a retrospective chart review by ran d anbar et al., bmc pediatrics20066:23 doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-6-23

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0004-282x2014000100063&lng=en&tlng=en arq. Neuro-psiquiatr. Vol.72 no.1 são paulo jan. 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282x20130184 views and reviews insomnia: psychological and neurobiological aspects and non-pharmacological treatments by yara fleury molen et al.,

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1807-59322012000600017&lng=en&tlng=enclinics vol.67 no.6 são paulo 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2012(06)17 review is exercise an alternative treatment for chronic insomnia? By giselle soares passos et al.,

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fphar.2013.00163/full review article front. Pharmacol., 25 december 2013 | http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2013.00163 orexin receptor antagonists as therapeutic agents for insomnia by ana c. Equihua et al.,

Saddichha s. Diagnosis and treatment of chronic insomnia. Ann indian acad neurol [serial online] 2010 [cited 2016 oct 20];13:94-102. Available from: http://www.annalsofian.org/text.asp?2010/13/2/94/64628

 

Other helpful resources(support groups):

https://sleepfoundation.org/insomnia/content/what-causes-insomnia national sleep foundation

http://www.sleepeducation.org/essentials-in-sleep/insomnia sleep education org

https://www.sleepassociation.org/patients-general-public/insomnia_/ american sleep association

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3zqpaleu5g what to do about insomnia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_8zbwsrte9u how to deal with insomnia

http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/living-with-insomnia-11/video-insomnia living with insomnia: get a good night's sleep

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.mirror.co.uk/all-about/insomnia mirror insomnia

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3763806/want-best-sleep-life-bed-naked-expert-reveals-10-easy-ways-banish-insomnia.html daily mail want the best sleep of your life? Go to bed naked: expert reveals the 10 easy ways to banish insomnia

read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3763806/want-best-sleep-life-bed-naked-expert-reveals-10-easy-ways-banish-insomnia.html#ixzz4ngwncshu
follow us: @mailonline on twitter | dailymail on facebook

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/jan/09/sleep-how-to-beat-insomnia the guardian can’t sleep? How to beat insomnia

http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/02/insomnia-that-kills/384841/ the atlantic insomnia that kills

http://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/mindfulness-meditation-helps-fight-insomnia-improves-sleep-201502187726health harvard mindfulness meditation helps fight insomnia, improves sleep

http://time.com/3198/sleeps-best-kept-secret-a-treatment-for-insomnia-thats-not-a-pill/ time sleep’s best-kept secret: a treatment for insomnia that’s not a pill

http://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/what-insomnia-looks-like_b_9196050 huffington post this is what insomnia feels like

http://www.cbc.ca/beta/news/health/insomnia-sidebar-1.3677724 cbc ca who is at greater risk for insomnia?

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