Infectious mononucleosis (IM), also known as mono, or glandular fever, is an infection most commonly caused by the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV). Most people are exposed to the virus as children, when the disease produces no noticeable or only flu-like symptoms. Especially in adolescents and young adults, the disease is characterized by fever, sore throat and feeling tired. Occasionally, the symptoms can recur at a later period.
Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), a member of the herpes virus family, against which over 90% of adults are likely to have acquired immunity by the age of 40. It is primarily diagnosed by observation of symptoms, but suspicion can be confirmed by several diagnostic tests. Specifically increased blood lymphocytes of which more than 10% are atypical makes the diagnosis very likely. It is generally a self-limiting disease, and little treatment is normally required.
In those between the ages of 16 and 20 about 8% of cases of sore throat are due to mononucleosis. In developing countries, people are exposed to the virus in early childhood more often than in developed countries. As a result, the disease in its observable form is more common in developed countries. It is most common among adolescents and young adults.
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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crim/2013/318358/ hani m. Babiker, troy wiedenbeck, ryan s. Robetorye, utkarsh acharya, susan wilansky, and shimon kusne, “acute systemic viral infection masquerading as an infiltrating lymphoma in an elderly patient: a case report and review of the literature,” case reports in medicine, vol. 2013, article id 318358, 5 pages, 2013. Doi:10.1155/2013/318358