Infectious mononucleosis / mono / glandular fever

Infectious mononucleosis / mono / glandular fever

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Infectious mononucleosis / mono / glandular fever

Infectious mononucleosis (IM), also known as mono, or glandular fever, is an infection most commonly caused by the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV). Most people are exposed to the virus as children, when the disease produces no noticeable or only flu-like symptoms. Especially in adolescents and young adults, the disease is characterized by fever, sore throat and feeling tired. Occasionally, the symptoms can recur at a later period.

Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), a member of the herpes virus family, against which over 90% of adults are likely to have acquired immunity by the age of 40. It is primarily diagnosed by observation of symptoms, but suspicion can be confirmed by several diagnostic tests. Specifically increased blood lymphocytes of which more than 10% are atypical makes the diagnosis very likely. It is generally a self-limiting disease, and little treatment is normally required.

In those between the ages of 16 and 20 about 8% of cases of sore throat are due to mononucleosis. In developing countries, people are exposed to the virus in early childhood more often than in developed countries. As a result, the disease in its observable form is more common in developed countries. It is most common among adolescents and young adults.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information: health line infectious mononucleosis mayo clinic infectious mononucleosis web md infectious mononucleosis healthy children infectious mononucleosis,p00638/john hopkins medical library infectious mononucleosis nhs uk infectious mononucleosis cleveland clinic infectious mononucleosis live science mono: symptoms,diagnosis and treatment options university of maryland infectious mononucleosis body and health glandular fever newyork times what to ask about mononucleosis health central epstein barr virus


Advanced information: medscape infectious mononucleosis medicine infectious mononucleosis medline plus medicine infectious mononucleosis merck manuals (professional version) medicine infectious mononucleosis patient medicine infectious mononucleosis epstein-barr virus infectious mononucleosis mark h. Ebell, m.d, m.s., athens, georgia am fam physician. 2004 oct 1;70(7):1279-1287. upto date patient information: infectious mononucleosis (mono) in adults and adolescents (beyond the basics) dermnet nz infectious mononucleosis infectious mononucleosis emedicine health infectious mononucleosis medical news today glandular fever: symptoms, diagnosis, treatments radiopedia infectious mononucleosis peadiatric clerckship the university of chicago infectious mononucleosis lab tests online mono test


Research: hani m. Babiker, troy wiedenbeck, ryan s. Robetorye, utkarsh acharya, susan wilansky, and shimon kusne, “acute systemic viral infection masquerading as an infiltrating lymphoma in an elderly patient: a case report and review of the literature,” case reports in medicine, vol. 2013, article id 318358, 5 pages, 2013. Doi:10.1155/2013/318358 acute acalculous cholecystitis in a patient with primary epstein-barr virus infection: a case report and literature review by j. Agergaard and c.s. Larseninternational journal of infectious diseases volume 35, june 2015, pages 67–72 doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2015.04.004 acute acalculous cholecystitis (aac) in the pediatric population associated with epstein–barr virus (ebv) infection. Case report and review of the literature by fuad alkhoury et al., international journal of surgery case reports volume 11, 2015, pages 50–52 doi:10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.06.006 hashemian s, ashrafzadeh f, akhondian j, beiraghi toosi m. Epstein-barr virus encephalitis: a case report. Iran j child neurol. 2015 winter;9(1):107-110. viruses 2016, 8(3), 60; doi:10.3390/v8030060 review:from conventional to next generation sequencing of epstein-barr virus genomes by hin kwok and alan kwok shing chiang


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