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Infectious mononucleosis / mono / glandular fever

Infectious mononucleosis / mono / glandular fever

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Infectious mononucleosis / mono / glandular fever

Infectious mononucleosis (IM), also known as mono, or glandular fever, is an infection most commonly caused by the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV). Most people are exposed to the virus as children, when the disease produces no noticeable or only flu-like symptoms. Especially in adolescents and young adults, the disease is characterized by fever, sore throat and feeling tired. Occasionally, the symptoms can recur at a later period.

Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), a member of the herpes virus family, against which over 90% of adults are likely to have acquired immunity by the age of 40. It is primarily diagnosed by observation of symptoms, but suspicion can be confirmed by several diagnostic tests. Specifically increased blood lymphocytes of which more than 10% are atypical makes the diagnosis very likely. It is generally a self-limiting disease, and little treatment is normally required.

In those between the ages of 16 and 20 about 8% of cases of sore throat are due to mononucleosis. In developing countries, people are exposed to the virus in early childhood more often than in developed countries. As a result, the disease in its observable form is more common in developed countries. It is most common among adolescents and young adults.

 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.healthline.com/health/mononucleosis health line infectious mononucleosis

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mononucleosis/home/ovc-20165827 mayo clinic infectious mononucleosis

http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/infectious-mononucleosis-topic-overview web md infectious mononucleosis

https://www.healthychildren.org/english/health-issues/conditions/infections/pages/mononucleosis.aspx healthy children infectious mononucleosis

http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/infectious_diseases/infectious_mononucleosis_85,p00638/john hopkins medical library infectious mononucleosis

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/glandular-fever/pages/introduction.aspx nhs uk infectious mononucleosis

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic-mononucleosis cleveland clinic infectious mononucleosis

http://www.livescience.com/34784-mono-symptoms-treatment-diagnosis.html live science mono: symptoms,diagnosis and treatment options

http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/mononucleosis university of maryland infectious mononucleosis

http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/condition/getcondition/glandular-fever body and health canada.com glandular fever

http://www.nytimes.com/ref/health/healthguide/esn-mono-questions.html newyork times what to ask about mononucleosis

http://www.healthcentral.com/encyclopedia/hc/epstein-barr-virus-3168911/ health central epstein barr virus

 

Advanced information:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/222040-overview medscape infectious mononucleosis

http://www.medicinenet.com/infectious_mononucleosis/article.htm medicine net.com infectious mononucleosis

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/infectiousmononucleosis.html medline plus medicine net.com infectious mononucleosis

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/herpesviruses/infectious-mononucleosis merck manuals (professional version) medicine net.com infectious mononucleosis

http://patient.info/doctor/infectious-mononucleosis patient medicine net.com infectious mononucleosis

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1279.html epstein-barr virus infectious mononucleosis mark h. Ebell, m.d, m.s., athens, georgia am fam physician. 2004 oct 1;70(7):1279-1287.

http://www.uptodate.com/contents/infectious-mononucleosis-mono-in-adults-and-adolescents-beyond-the-basics upto date patient information: infectious mononucleosis (mono) in adults and adolescents (beyond the basics)

http://www.dermnetnz.org/viral/ebv.html dermnet nz infectious mononucleosis

https://www.atsu.edu/faculty/chamberlain/website/lectures/lecture/mono.htm infectious mononucleosis

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/mononucleosis/article_em.htm emedicine health infectious mononucleosis

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/167390.php medical news today glandular fever: symptoms, diagnosis, treatments

http://radiopaedia.org/articles/mononucleosis radiopedia infectious mononucleosis

https://pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu/page/infectious-mononucleosis peadiatric clerckship the university of chicago infectious mononucleosis

https://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/mono/tab/test/ lab tests online mono test

 

Research:

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crim/2013/318358/ hani m. Babiker, troy wiedenbeck, ryan s. Robetorye, utkarsh acharya, susan wilansky, and shimon kusne, “acute systemic viral infection masquerading as an infiltrating lymphoma in an elderly patient: a case report and review of the literature,” case reports in medicine, vol. 2013, article id 318358, 5 pages, 2013. Doi:10.1155/2013/318358

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1201971215000909 acute acalculous cholecystitis in a patient with primary epstein-barr virus infection: a case report and literature review by j. Agergaard and c.s. Larseninternational journal of infectious diseases volume 35, june 2015, pages 67–72 doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2015.04.004

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s2210261214001369 acute acalculous cholecystitis (aac) in the pediatric population associated with epstein–barr virus (ebv) infection. Case report and review of the literature by fuad alkhoury et al., international journal of surgery case reports volume 11, 2015, pages 50–52 doi:10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.06.006

http://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/index.php/ijcn/article/view/5096 hashemian s, ashrafzadeh f, akhondian j, beiraghi toosi m. Epstein-barr virus encephalitis: a case report. Iran j child neurol. 2015 winter;9(1):107-110.

http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/8/3/60/htm viruses 2016, 8(3), 60; doi:10.3390/v8030060 review:from conventional to next generation sequencing of epstein-barr virus genomes by hin kwok and alan kwok shing chiang

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=njpuaf6k0aq infectious mononucleosis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bggjy58pmx4 mono symptoms - what is mononucleosis?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x3gc4tsznaq infectious mononucleosis and splenomegaly - crash! Medical review series

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v2qkl9j_pxc infectious mononucleosis in children

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ny247ahh2j4 comlex usmle board review lectures infectious mononucleosis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l2bhaqh4wvw infectious mononucleosis

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