Hypertensive retinopathy is damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high blood pressure (i.e. hypertension).The changes in hypertensive retinopathy result from damage and adaptive changes in the arterial and arteriolar circulation in response to the high blood pressure. Most patients with hypertensive retinopathy have no symptoms. However, some may report decreased or blurred vision,and headaches. A major aim of treatment is to prevent, limit, or reverse target organ damage by lowering the patient's high blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and death. Anti-hypertensive drug treatment may be required to control the high blood pressure.
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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criopm/2016/8162687/ lawrence j. Oh, gaurav bhardwaj, david s. Winlaw, and craig e. Donaldson, “malignant hypertensive retinopathy in an infant with mid-aortic occlusion,” case reports in ophthalmological medicine, vol. 2016, article id 8162687, 4 pages, 2016. Doi:10.1155/2016/8162687
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2015/752957/ michele cavallari, claudio stamile, renato umeton, francesco calimeri, and francesco orzi, “novel method for automated analysis of retinal images: results in subjects with hypertensive retinopathy and cadasil,”biomed research international, vol. 2015, article id 752957, 10 pages, 2015. Doi:10.1155/2015/752957