hyperparathyroidism
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Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism is characterized by hyperactivity of one or more parathyroid glands, disordered calcium homeostasis, and a consequent increase in serum calcium and elevated or inappropriately present circulating levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH). The extra parathyroid hormone causes bones to dissolve and raises the blood calcium level causing hypercalcemia which produces symptoms like weakness and fatigue, depression, bone pain, muscle soreness (myalgias), decreased appetite, feelings of nausea and vomiting, constipation, polyuria, polydipsia, cognitive impairment, kidney stones and osteoporosis. In the United States, about 100,000 people develop a parathyroid disorder each year. Women hyperthyroid patients outnumber men by a ratio of 2-to-1, and risk increases with age. In women age 60 or older, 2 out of 1,000 will develop hyperparathyroidism each year.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.



Basic information

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/127351-overview. Medscape, hyperparathyroidism

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyperparathyroidism/basics/definition/con-20022086. Mayo clinic, hyperparathyroidism

http://www.healthline.com/health/hyperparathyroidism. Health line, hyperparathyroidism

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001215.htm. Medline plus, hyperparathyroidism

http://patient.info/in/doctor/hyperparathyroidism-pro. Patient, hyperparathyroidism

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/endocrine/primary-hyperparathyroidism/pages/fact-sheet.aspx. Nih, primary hyperparathyroidism

http://www.parathyroid.com/parathyroid-disease.htm. Parathyroid.com, hyperparathyroidism: disease of the parathyroid glands

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_hyperparathyroidism. Cleveland clinic, hyperparathyroidism

http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/so_you_have_primary_hyperparathyroidism. Harvard health publications, so you have primary hyperparathyroidism


Advanced information

http://f1000research.com/articles/5-1/v1. F1000research, primary hyperparathyroidism

http://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0415/p1795.html. American family physician, hyperparathyroidism

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ije/2011/251410/. International journal of endocrinology, primary hyperparathyroidism: an overview

http://www.jabfm.org/content/22/5/574.full. Jabfm, secondary hyperparathyroidism: pathophysiology and treatment

http://spectrum.diabetesjournals.org/content/21/1/19. Diabetes spectrum, secondary hyperparathyroidism and chronic kidney disease

http://www.omim.org/entry/145000. Omim, hyperparathyroidism

http://www.italjmed.org/index.php/ijm/article/view/itjm.2015.547/775. Primary hyperparathyroidism: epidemiology, clinical features, diagnostic tools and current management


Research

http://www.nature.com/nrendo/journal/v3/n3/full/ncpendmet0448.html. Nature, a patient with persistent primary hyperparathyroidism due to a second ectopic adenoma, nature clinical practice endocrinology & metabolism (2007) 3, 311-315
doi:10.1038/ncpendmet0448

http://bmcendocrdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6823-12-19. Biomed central, effect of eplerenone on parathyroid hormone levels in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, c endocrine disorder s2012 12:19, doi: 10.1186/1472-6823-12-19, tomaschitz et al.

Http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40336-014-0089-4. Spect/ct in hyperparathyroidism, doi: 10.1007/s40336-014-0089-4

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cen.12819/full. Normocalcaemic, vitamin d-sufficient hyperparathyroidism – high prevalence and low morbidity in the general population: a long-term follow-up study, doi: 10.1111/cen.12819

http://pubs.rsna.org/doi/full/10.1148/rg.285075055. Parathyroid scintigraphy in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.285075055

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s2049080115000849. Science direct, role of intraoperative pth monitoring and surgical approach in primary hyperparathyroidism, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2015.08.007

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criog/2015/171828/. Primary hyperparathyroidism in pregnancy: a two-case report and literature review, case reports in obstetrics and gynecology
volume 2015 (2015), article id 171828, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/171828

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2015/735868/. Primary hyperparathyroidism and hyperthyroidism in a patient with myotonic dystrophy: a case report and review of the literature, case reports in endocrinology
volume 2015 (2015), article id 735868, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/735868

http://www.clinicsandpractice.org/index.php/cp/article/view/cp.2012.e48/524. Primary hyperparathyroidism with rare presentation as multiple brown tumours, doi: 10.4081/cp.2012.e48

http://www.jcancer.org/v03p0001.htm. Preoperative thyroid ultrasound is indicated in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism, j cancer 2012; 3:1-6. Doi:10.7150/jca.3.1


Related topics

http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/oc_exp.php?lng=en&expert=417. Orpha.net

http://www.icd10data.com/icd10cm/codes/e00-e89/e20-e35/e21-/e21.3. Icd10data.com

http://geekymedics.com/hyperparathyroidism/. Geeky medics


Other articles

http://www.upi.com/health_news/2016/04/05/surgery-more-effective-than-drugs-for-hyperparathyroidism/1801459858237/. Surgery more effective than drugs for hyperparathyroidism


Other helpful resources

http://www.mdjunction.com/hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism support group

https://www.dailystrength.org/group/hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism support group


Related videos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ylhovcf717q. Youtube, what is hyperparathyroidism? The basic video

http://study.com/academy/lesson/primary-and-secondary-hyperparathyroidism.html. Study.com, primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sd9st1zpfrq. Youtube, parathyroid glands and hyperparathyroidism: amazing animation.

Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=umxhhspwgp0. Youtube, overview of parathyroid disease (causes, symptoms and treatment for hyperparathyroidism)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvegu7-tvok. Youtube, hyperparathyroidism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ezh1jkgkxto. Youtube, usmle algorithms: primary hyperparathyroidism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3samlhsjatc. Youtube, treating hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aqf4bz1nh-q. Youtube, bone health and hyperparathyroidism


Presentation/quiz/newspaper articles

http://www.slideshare.net/hytham_nafady/hyperparathyroidism-30402247. Slideshare, hyperparathyroidism

http://www.slideshare.net/drhawler1/hyperparathyroidism-35362106. Slideshare, hyperparathyroidism

https://prezi.com/imeit-n_qr1w/hyperparathyroidism/. Prezi, hyperparathyroidism

https://prezi.com/4g6osq8r935n/hyperparathyroidism/. Prezi, hyperparathyroidism

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