A hydrocele testis is the accumulation of fluids around a testicle. It is often caused by fluid secreted from a remnant piece of peritoneum wrapped around the testicle, called the tunica vaginalis. Provided there is no hernia present, hydroceles below the age of 1 year usually resolve spontaneously. Primary hydroceles may develop in adulthood, particularly in the elderly and in hot countries, by slow accumulation of serous fluid, presumably caused by impaired reabsorption, which appears to be the explanation for most primary hydroceles, although the reason remains obscure. A hydrocele can also be the result of a plugged inguinal lymphatic system caused by repeated, chronic infection of Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia malayi, two mosquito-borne parasites of Africa and Southeast Asia, respectively. As such, the condition would be a part of more diffuse sequelae commonly referred to as elephantiasis, which also affects the lymphatic system in other parts of the body.
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https://doaj.org/article/8d9842088dc24fda8e52758b66e645da directory of open acess journals. Encysted hydrocele of the cord presenting as a groin swelling in an adult: a case report by bibekananda mahapatra et al. International journal of research in medical sciences. 2015;3(9):2475-2477 doi 10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20150655
https://doaj.org/article/50d5d04aa93c453ca741c256e594b432 directory of open acess journals. Minimal hydrocelectomy with the aid of scrotoscope: a ten-year experience by yan bin et al. International brazilian journal of urology. 2014;40(3):384-389 doi 10.1590/s1677-5538.ibju.2014.03.13
https://doaj.org/article/ad85f30ce73f410bab60957607f366e4 directory of open acess journals. Giant unilateral hydrocele ''en-bisac'' with right hydronephrosis in an adult: a rare entity by dharamveer singh et al. Indian journal of urology. 2011;27(1):142-143 doi 10.4103/0970-1591.78413
https://doaj.org/article/579df3cfce7a46abacde737dc7216806 directory of open acess journals. Longstanding hydrocele in adult black africans: is preoperative scrotal ultrasound justified? By chukwudi o okorie et al. Nigerian medical journal. 2011;52(3):173-176 doi 10.4103/0300-1652.86130
https://doaj.org/article/b3a17e9933ab4de5912d8f52c69c81ac directory of open acess journals. Abdominal wall hydrocele: a rare late postoperative complication of drain site wound incisional hernia by edgar d. Sy et al. Journal of pediatric surgery case reports. 2015;3(1):16-18 doi 10.1016/j.epsc.2014.11.012
https://doaj.org/article/18e156e7aa2c4548936132279614e3c9 directory of open acess journals. Sclerotherapy of hydroceles and spermatoceles with alcohol: results and effects on the semen analysis by chen jen shan et al. International brazilian journal of urology. 2011;37(3):307-313 doi 10.1590/s1677-55382011000300003
https://doaj.org/article/56c24caf4bdd4cb3b47b46447344e955 directory of open acess journals. Canal of nuck cyst masquerading as a testicle in a neonate: a case report and review of the literature by lelah grossmanet al. Pediatric urology case reports. 2016;3(6):211-215 doi 10.14534/pucr.2016622491