Herpesviral encephalitis is encephalitis due to herpes simplex virus.
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is a viral infection of the human central nervous system. It is estimated to affect at least 1 in 500,000 individuals per year and some studies suggest an incidence rate of 5.9 cases per 100,000 live births. The majority of cases of herpes encephalitis are caused by herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1), the same virus that causes cold sores. 57% of American adults are infected with HSV-1, which is spread through droplets, casual contact, and sometimes sexual contact, though most infected people never have cold sores. About 10% of cases of herpes encephalitis are due to HSV-2, which is typically spread through sexual contact. About 1 in 3 cases of HSE result from primary HSV-1 infection, predominantly occurring in individuals under the age of 18; 2 in 3 cases occur in seropositive persons, few of whom have history of recurrent orofacial herpes. Approximately 50% of individuals that develop HSE are over 50 years of age.
We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.
Http://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1138.html neonatal herpes simplex virus infections caroline m. Rudnick, m.d., ph.d., st. Anthony's medical center, st. Louis, missouri,grant s. Hoekzema, m.d., st. John's mercy medical center, st. Louis, missouri am fam physician. 2002 mar 15;65(6):1138-1142.
Https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crinm/2015/673724/ peter a. Abdelmalik, timothy ambrose, and rodney bell, “herpes simplex viral encephalitis masquerading as a classic left mca stroke,” case reports in neurological medicine, vol. 2015, article id 673724, 5 pages, 2015. Doi:10.1155/2015/673724