Herniated disc

Herniated disc

Last Reviewed : 12/28/2020
Herniated disc

SYNONYMS: Bulging disk, Compressed disk, Herniated intervertebral disk, Herniated nucleus pulposus, Prolapsed disk, Ruptured disk, Slipped disk

Spinal disc herniation, also known as a slipped disc, is a medical condition affecting the spine in which a tear in the outer, fibrous ring of an intervertebral disc allows the soft, central portion to bulge out beyond the damaged outer rings. Disc herniation is usually due to age-related degeneration of the anulus fibrosus, although trauma, lifting injuries, or straining have been implicated. Tears are almost always postero-lateral in nature owing to the presence of the posterior longitudinal ligament in the spinal canal.[1] This tear in the disc ring may result in the release of inflammatory chemical mediators, which may directly cause severe pain, even in the absence of nerve root compression.

Disc herniations are normally a further development of a previously existing disc protrusion, a condition in which the outermost layers of the fibrous ring are still intact, but can bulge when the disc is under pressure. In contrast to a herniation, none of the central portion escapes beyond the outer layers. Most minor herniations heal within several weeks. Anti-inflammatory treatments for pain associated with disc herniation, protrusion, bulge, or disc tear are generally effective. Severe herniations may not heal of their own accord and may require surgery. The condition is widely referred to as a slipped disc, but this term is not medically accurate as the spinal discs are firmly attached between the vertebrae and cannot "slip" out of place.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/herniated-disk/basics/definition/con-20029957 mayo clinic herniated disk definition

http://www.medicinenet.com/herniated_disc/article.htm medicine net.com herniated disc (disc herniation of the spine)

http://www.spine-health.com/conditions/herniated-disc/whats-a-herniated-disc-pinched-nerve-bulging-disc spine health what's a herniated disc, pinched nerve, bulging disc...?

http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/tc/herniated-disc-topic-overview web md lumbar herniated disc - topic overview

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/herniateddisk.html medline plus herniated disk

http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00534 ortho info herniated disk in the lower back

http://www.healthline.com/health/herniated-disk health line slipped (herniated) disk

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_herniated_disc clevland clinic herniated disc

http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/herniated-disk.html family doctor.org herniated disk

http://www.spineuniverse.com/conditions/herniated-disc spine universe herniated disc center

https://www.southerncross.co.nz/group/medical-library/herniated-disc-symptoms-treatment-surgery southern cross medical library herniated disc - symptoms, treatment, surgery

http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/condition/getcondition/ruptured-disc canada.com herniated disc

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/herniated-nucleus-pulposus-slipped-disk/overview.html newyork times herniated nucleus pulposus slipped disc

http://www.injuryinformation.com/injuries/herniated-disc.php injury information herniated disc

http://www.innerbody.com/diseases-conditions/herniated-disc inner body.com herniated disc


Advanced information:

http://www.knowyourback.org/pages/spinalconditions/degenerativeconditions/herniatedlumbardisc.aspx know your back herniated disc

http://www.aans.org/patient%20information/conditions%20and%20treatments/herniated%20disc.aspx american association of neurological surgeons herniated disc

http://www.knowyourback.org/pages/spinalconditions/degenerativeconditions/herniatedcervicaldisc.aspx know your back herniated cervical disc

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/191979.php medical news today herniated disk: causes, diagnosis and treatment

http://healaherniateddisc.com/ herniated disc.com heal a herniated disc

http://www.orthobullets.com/spine/2035/lumbar-disc-herniation ortho bullets lumbar disc herniation

http://www.physio-pedia.com/disc_herniation physiopedia disc herniation

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/340014-overview medscape disk herniation imaging

http://patient.info/health/slipped-prolapsed-disc patient slipped (prolapsed) disc

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/slipped_disk/article_em.htm emedicine health herniated disc



http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1808-18512009000300017 coluna/columna vol.8 no.3 são paulo july/sept. 2009 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1808-18512009000300017 artigo de revisão review:percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy: 16 years of experience and literature review by gun choi et al.,

Acharya k n, senthil nathan t s, kumar j r, menon k v. Primary and revision lumbar discectomy: a three-year review from one center. Indian j orthop [serial online] 2008 [cited 2016 jun 14];42:178-81. Available from: http://www.ijoonline.com/text.asp?2008/42/2/178/40254

Eksi ms, özcan eksi ee, yilmaz b, toktas zo, konya d. Cervical myelopathy due to single level disc herniation presenting as intramedullary mass lesion: what to do first?. J craniovert jun spine [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 jun 14];6:92-6. Available from: http://www.jcvjs.com/text.asp?2015/6/2/92/156073

Bajpai j, saini s, singh r. Clinical correlation of magnetic resonance imaging with symptom complex in prolapsed intervertebral disc disease: a cross-sectional double blind analysis. J craniovert jun spine [serial online] 2013 [cited 2016 jun 14];4:16-20. Available from: http://www.jcvjs.com/text.asp?2013/4/1/16/121619

bajpai j, saini s, singh r. Clinical correlation of magnetic resonance imaging with symptom complex in prolapsed intervertebral disc disease: a cross-sectional double blind analysis. J craniovert jun spine [serial online] 2013 [cited 2016 jun 14];4:16-20. Available from: http://www.jcvjs.com/text.asp?2013/4/1/16/121619

yokoyama k, kawanishi m, yamada m, kuroiwa t. Cervical disc herniation manifesting as a brown-sequard syndrome. J neurosci rural pract [serial online] 2012 [cited 2016 jun 14];3:182-3. Available from: http://www.ruralneuropractice.com/text.asp?2012/3/2/182/98229

http://josr-online.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1749-799x-3-46 the accuracy of mri in the detection of lumbar disc containment by bradley k weiner and rikin patel journal of orthopaedic surgery and research20083:46 doi: 10.1186/1749-799x-3-46

Yang x, liu x, zheng y. Surgical treatment of thoracic disc herniations using a modified transfacet approach. Indian j orthop [serial online] 2014 [cited 2016 jun 14];48:158-62. Available from: http://www.ijoonline.com/text.asp?2014/48/2/158/128756

http://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1752-1947-6-166 cervical disc herniation presenting with neck pain and contralateral symptoms: a case report by jacky t. Yeung,john i. Johnson and aftab s. Karim journal of medical case reports20126:166 doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-166

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1415-47572013000300021&lng=en&tlng=en genet. Mol. Biol. Vol.36 no.3 são paulo 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1415-47572013000300021 genomics and bioinformatics research article:gene expression profile analysis of human intervertebral disc degeneration by kai chen et al.,

http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/3/5/3331/htm use of temporary implantable biomaterials to reduce leg pain and back pain in patients with sciatica and lumbar disc herniation by gere s. Dizerega materials 2010, 3(5), 3331-3368; doi:10.3390/ma3053331


Other articles:

http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/neurological/c_dg_intervertebral_disc_disease pet md slipped disc, bad back, and muscle spasms in dogs

http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=2+2105&aid=418 pet education.com intervertebral disc (ruptured disc) disease in dogs


Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w-ofuzb1_ek a herniated disc - what is it and what surgical treatments are available?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bxobt3xksoa herniated disc exercises to cure back pain!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfnlpgbnpag the difference between a bulging disc, herniated disc, ruptured disc, and degenerative disc disease

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ak1rcis_7u0 how to fix a herniated disc in the lumbar spine

http://www.spine-health.com/video/treatment-lumbar-herniated-disc-video treatment for lumbar herniated disc video

http://www.spine-health.com/video/thoracic-herniated-disc-video thoracic herniated disc video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ee92jaghoxq can you heal a herniated disc?


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.newsday.com/sports/baseball/mets/david-wright-considering-neck-surgery-for-herniated-disc-1.11915887news day david wright considering neck surgery for herniated disc

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