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Hemoptysis/ Coughing Up Blood/ Spitting Of Blood

Hemoptysis/ Coughing Up Blood/ Spitting Of Blood

Last Reviewed : 12/28/2020
Hemoptysis/ Coughing Up Blood/ Spitting Of Blood

Hemoptysis is the coughing up blood or blood stained mucus that originated in the lungs or bronchial tubes. In children, lower respiratory tract infection and foreign body aspiration are common causes. In adults, bronchitis, bronchogenic carcinoma, and pneumonia are the major causes. The patient’s history should help determine the amount of blood and differentiate between hemoptysis, pseudohemoptysis, and hematemesis. A focused physical examination can lead to the diagnosis in most cases. Mild hemoptysis often is caused by an infection that can be managed on an outpatient basis with close monitoring. If hemoptysis persists, consulting with a pulmonologist should be considered. Hemoptysis is considered massive if there is more than 300 mL (11 imp fl oz; 10 US fl oz) of blood lost in 24 hours. In such cases, the primary danger comes from choking, rather than blood loss. Patients with risk factors for malignancy or recurrent hemoptysis also require further evaluation with fiberoptic bronchoscopy or high-resolution computed tomography. In up to 34 percent of patients, no cause of hemoptysis can be found.


 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pulmonary-disorders/symptoms-of-pulmonary-disorders/hemoptysis. Merck manual, hemoptysis

http://patient.info/doctor/haemoptysis. Patient, hemoptysis

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1253.html. American family physician, hemoptysis: diagnosis and management

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0215/p243.html. American family physician, hemoptysis: evaluation and management

http://www.webmd.com/lung/coughing-up-blood. Webmd, coughing up blood (hemoptysis)

http://www.consultant360.com/articles/danger-hemoptysis. Consultant360, the danger of hemoptysis

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=s1806-37132010000300002&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en. Scielo, hemoptysis

http://www.consultantlive.com/articles/how-quickly-zero-diagnosis-hemoptysis-review-causes-evaluation-and-treatment-key-words-hemoptysis. Consultant live, a review of causes, evaluation, and treatment key words: hemoptysis, bronchoscopy, embolization

http://ccn.aacnjournals.org/content/34/4/36.full. Hemoptysis: a case report
 

http://epomedicine.com/medical-students/respiratory-examination-hemoptysis/. Epomedicine, hemoptysis – examination and evaluation
 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/nbk360/. Ncbi, hemoptysis


Advanced information

http://www.antimicrobe.org/e52.asp. Antimicrobe, hemoptysis


http://pubs.rsna.org/doi/full/10.1148/rg.261045726. Rsna, multi–detector row ct of hemoptysis, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.261045726

http://www.ccjm.org/index.php?id=107937&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=360929&chash=27fcd98d3ceb3c5aab61d4f3a81a3ebc. Cleveland clinic journal of medicine, a 44-year-old man with hemoptysis: a review of pertinent imaging studies and radiographic interventions

http://www.dirjournal.org/sayilar/69/buyuk/299-309.pdf. Diagnostic and interventional radiology journal, larici et al. Diagnosis and management of hemoptysis



Research

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s095461110700234x. Science direct, case report, idiopathic hemoptysis in pregnant women: a distinct entity? Doi:10.1016/j.rmed.2007.05.022

http://bmcpulmmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2466-6-1. Biomed central, hemoptysis, a developing world perspective, bmc pulmonary medicine 2006 6:1, doi: 10.1186/1471-2466-6-1, ashraf

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0078132. Plos, risk factors for hemoptysis in idiopathic and hereditary pulmonary arterial hypertension, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078132

http://www.gestweb.org/symposium/images/presentations/abstracts_-_saturday/pm0410_binssedr_hemopty_saturday.pdf. Hemoptysis in hereditary hemorrhagic telengectasia

http://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1752-1947-5-58. Biomed central, bronchial artery embolization for management of massive cryptogenic hemoptysis: a case series, journal of medical case reports 2011 5:58, doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-58, samara et al

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cricc/2013/832306/. A 75-year-old female with hemoptysis and recurrent respiratory infections, case report, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/832306

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crj/2009/586919/abs/. Recurrent hemoptysis with penicillium marneffei and stenotrophomonas maltophilia in job’s syndrome, case report, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/586919


Related topics

http://www.fpnotebook.com/lung/sx/hmptyscs.htm. Hemoptysis causes

http://www.icd10data.com/icd10cm/codes/r00-r99/r00-r09/r04-/r04.2. Icd10data.com, hemoptysis

https://www.guideline.gov/summaries/summary/48289? Ahrq, acr appropriateness criteria® hemoptysis.

Https://www.mindomo.com/mindmap/hemoptysis-1f2a1d321f478f252637d80a53573e3c. Mindoomo, hemoptysis


Other articles

http://foamcast.org/2015/08/22/episode-33-hemoptysis/. Foam cast, episode 33 – hemoptysis


Other helpful resources

https://www.cff.org/for-caregivers/clinical-care-guidelines/respiratory-clinical-care-guidelines/pneumothorax-and-hemoptysis-clinical-care-guidelines/. Cystic fibrosis foundation

http://www.cfnaturalhealth.com/blog/hemoptysis-coughing-up-blood. Natural healing for cystic fibrosis and chronic diseases, hemoptysis: coughing up blood



Related videos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lp4oo85skj0. Youtube, hemoptysis - how to approach the coughing of blood patient.

Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fza0xxfxujo. Youtube, hemoptysis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i_df42hwwp8. Youtube, hemoptysis (coughing blood) diagnostic work up


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-eghtfu96ym. Youtube, massive hemoptysis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kteoiyb2xxs. Youtube, hemoptysis - onlinemeded


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibcsooydhxo. Youtube, hemoptysis



Presentation/quiz/newspaper articles

http://www.slideshare.net/imangalal/hemoptysis-33416404. Slideshare, hemoptysis

http://thelungcenter.co.in/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/hemoptysis.107184533.pdf. The lung center, hemoptysis

http://www.parkhurstexchange.com/files/pdf/2006/06-02%20hemoptysis%20(checklist).pdf. Hemoptysis checklist

https://prezi.com/1wuxs_6sihqy/hemoptysis/. Prezi, hemoptysis

https://prezi.com/7ql-hqxvsoge/hemoptysis/. Prezi, hemoptysis

http://www.slideshare.net/motwakilimam/hemoptysis-9382235. Slideshare, hemoptysis
 

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