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Hand, Foot And Mouth Disease/ Coxsackievirus Infection

Hand, Foot And Mouth Disease/ Coxsackievirus Infection

Last Reviewed : 12/28/2020
Hand, Foot And Mouth Disease/ Coxsackievirus Infection

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infection caused by a group of viruses. It typically begins with a fever, followed a day or two later by flat discolored spots or bumps that may blister, on the hands, feet, and mouth, and occasionally buttocks and groin. Signs and symptoms normally appear 3–6 days after exposure to the virus. Coxsackievirus A16 is the most common cause and Enterovirus 71 is the second-most common cause. The viruses that cause HFMD are spread through close personal contact, through the air from coughing, and the faeces of an infected person. Contaminated objects can also spread the disease. Handwashing may prevent spread and those infected should not go to work, day care, or school. Rarely viral meningitis or encephalitis may complicate the disease. HFMD occurs in all areas of the world often in small outbreaks in nursery schools or kindergartens but can occasionally occur in adults.

 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.



Basic information

http://www.webmd.com/children/guide/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-topic-overview#1. Webmd, hand-foot-and-mouth disease

http://www.healthline.com/health/hand-foot-mouth-disease. Health line, hand, foot, and mouth disease

http://www.cdc.gov/hand-foot-mouth/. Centers for disease control and prevention, hand, foot, and mouth disease (hfmd)

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease/basics/definition/con-20032747. Mayo clinic, hand-foot-and-mouth disease

http://patient.info/in/health/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-leaflet. Patient, hand, foot and mouth disease

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000965.htm. Medline plus, hand-foot-mouth disease

http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/hfm.html. Kids health, hand, foot, and mouth disease

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/enteroviruses/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-hfmd. Merck manuals, hand-foot-and-mouth disease (hfmd)

http://www.medicinenet.com/hand-foot-and-mouth_syndrome/article.htm. Medicne net.com, hand, foot, and mouth disease (hfmd)

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease/pages/introduction.aspx. Nhs, hand, foot and mouth disease

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/311920.php. Medical news today, hand, foot, and mouth disease: what to expect

http://www.hse.ie/eng/health/az/h/hand,-foot-and-mouth-disease/. Hse, hand, foot and mouth disease


Advanced information

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/218402-overview. Medscape, hand-foot-and-mouth disease

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12973865. Pubmed, hand, foot and mouth disease.

Http://nsr.oxfordjournals.org/content/2/3/268.full. Oxford journals, etiology, pathogenesis, antivirals and vaccines of hand, foot, and mouth disease, natl sci rev (september 2015) 2(3): 268-284.doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwv038


Research

https://ij-healthgeographics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-072x-10-25. Biomed central, hand, foot and mouth disease: spatiotemporal transmission and climate,
doi: 10.1186/1476-072x-10-25, wang et al.

Https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4155884/. Pubmed, hand, foot and mouth disease: changing indian scenario

https://springerplus.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40064-015-1143-z. Unusual skin manifestation of hand, foot and mouth disease associated with coxsackievirus a6: cases report, springer plus 2015 4:362, doi: 10.1186/s40064-015-1143-z, chatproedprai et al.

Http://www.ijidonline.com/article/s1201-9712(14)01528-8/fulltext. Nephrotic syndrome in hand, foot and mouth disease caused by coxsackievirus a16: a case report, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2014.04.031

http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371%2fjournal.pmed.1001958. Plos, hand, foot, and mouth disease in china: modeling epidemic dynamics of enterovirus serotypes and implications for vaccination, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001958

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0036-46652006000400004. Echovirus 4 associated to hand, foot and mouth disease, http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0036-46652006000400004

http://archderm.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1764024. Coxsackievirus a6–induced hand-foot-mouth disease, ama dermatol. 2013 ; 149(12):1419-1421. Doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.6777.

Http://www.eurosurveillance.org/viewarticle.aspx?articleid=19663. Onychomadesis outbreak linked to hand, foot, and mouth disease

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2012.00032/full. Scavenger receptor b2 as a receptor for hand, foot, and mouth disease and severe neurological diseases

https://www.dovepress.com/challenges-and-prospects-for-the-control-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-an--peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-vmrr. Challenges and prospects for the control of foot-and-mouth disease: an african perspective, doi https://dx.doi.org/10.2147/vmrr.s62607

http://www.karger.com/article/fulltext/354533. Coxsackievirus a6 and hand,foot and mouth disease:three case reports of familialchild-to-immunocompetent adult transmission and a literature review, case rep dermatol 2013;5:203-209
(doi:10.1159/000354533)


Related topics

http://www.drgreene.com/qa-articles/catch-handfootandmouth-disease/. Can you catch hand-foot-and-mouth disease twice?

Http://www.wpro.who.int/emerging_diseases/hfmd/en/. Emerging disease surveillance and response, hand, foot and mouth disease (hfmd)

http://www.epivax.com/uncategorized/exploring-the-link-between-polio-vaccination-and-hand-foot-mouth-disease/. Exploring the link between polio vaccination and hand foot mouth disease

http://www.pediatricsconsultant360.com/articles/gianotti-crosti-syndrome-triggered-hand-foot-mouth-disease. Gianotti-crosti syndrome triggered by hand-foot-mouth disease


Other articles

https://www.sciencenews.org/blog/growth-curve/seven-facts-and-mystery-about-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease. Seven facts and a mystery about hand, foot and mouth disease

http://www.todaysparent.com/kids/kids-health/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease/. How to tell if your kid has hand, foot and mouth disease

http://www.impatientoptimists.org/posts/2016/01/severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-hfmd-is-now-vaccinepreventable-at-least-in-china#.v-qbxch97iu. Severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (hfmd) is now vaccine-preventable

http://www.sistahvegan.com/tag/hand-foot-mouth-disease/. Surviving through hand, foot, and mouth disease


Related videos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rlhbq2l_qgu. Youtube, hand foot mouth disease

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f1wj1gzjw-g. Youtube, hand, foot, & mouth disease

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ioiy6i-op-k. Youtube, hand foot and mouth disease in children | remedies | hand foot and mouth disease treatment

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahw_ptxiu0y. Youtube, diy: best cure for kids hand, foot & mouth

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=safi9qhihbs. Youtube, my experience with hand foot and mouth disease

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lyb7t_jhite. Youtube, hand foot and mouth disease

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zkkqk7i5vvm. Youtube, hand, foot, & mouth disease (live diagnosis)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhkx51dau_i. Youtube, hand, foot and mouth disease | symptoms in children and adults


Presentation/quiz/newspaper articles

http://www.slideshare.net/veraprokopenko/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-11438134. Slideshare, hand, foot and mouth disease

http://www.slideshare.net/darylimanishi/hand-footandmouthdisease-ris-clinic. Slideshare, hand foot and mouth disease

https://prezi.com/ogsktvjqlzmy/hand-foot-mouth-disease/. Prezi, hand foot mouth disease

https://prezi.com/tlohxsjxebcd/hand-foot-mouth-disease/. Prezi, Hand, Foot, Mouth Disease

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