glomerulonephritis
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Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis

Last Reviewed : 12/28/2020
Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis (GN), also known as glomerular nephritis, is a term used to refer to several kidney diseases (usually affecting both kidneys). Many of the diseases are characterised by inflammation either of the glomeruli or of the small blood vessels in the kidneys, hence the name,[1] but not all diseases necessarily have an inflammatory component.

As it is not strictly a single disease, its presentation depends on the specific disease entity: it may present with isolated hematuria and/or proteinuria (blood or protein in the urine); or as a nephrotic syndrome, a nephritic syndrome, acute kidney injury, or chronic kidney disease.

They are categorized into several different pathological patterns, which are broadly grouped into non-proliferative or proliferative types. Diagnosing the pattern of GN is important because the outcome and treatment differs in different types. Primary causes are intrinsic to the kidney. Secondary causes are associated with certain infections (bacterial, viral or parasitic pathogens), drugs, systemic disorders (SLE, vasculitis), or diabetes.

 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glomerulonephritis/basics/definition/con-20024691 mayoclinic glomerulonephritis

http://www.healthline.com/health/glomerulonephritis health line glomerulonephritis

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000484.htm medline plus glomerulonephritis

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/glomerulonephritis/pages/introduction.aspx nhs uk glomerulonephritis

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/kidney-disease/glomerular-diseases/pages/facts.aspxnational institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney disorders glomerulonephritis

http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/glomerulonephritis.html kids health glomerulonephritis

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/glomerulonephritis/overview.html new york times glomerulonephritis

http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/kidney-and-urinary-tract-disorders/kidney-filtering-disorders/glomerulonephritis-nephritic-syndrome merck manuals glomerulonephritis (nephritic syndrome)

http://chealth.canoe.com/condition/getcondition/glomerulonephritis canoe glomerulonephritis

http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/nephrology/glomerulonephritis.html john hopkins medical library glomerulonephritis

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic-glomerulonephritis cleveland clinic glomerulonephritis

 

Advanced information:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/239278-overview medscape acute glomerulonephritis

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/167252.php medical news today what is glomerulonephritis?

http://www.healthcommunities.com/acute-glomerulonephritis-agn/index.shtml health communities acute glomerulonephritis (agn)

http://patient.info/in/doctor/glomerulonephritis-pro patient glomerulonephritis

http://www.fpnotebook.com/renal/glomerulus/actglmrlnphrts.htm family practise note book acute glomerulonephritis

http://www.hse.ie/eng/health/az/g/glomerulonephritis/ health service executive glomerulonephritis

http://www.dovemed.com/diseases-conditions/acute-glomerulonephritis/ dove med acute glomerulonephritis

https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/c3-glomerulopathy-dense-deposit-disease-and-c3-glomerulonephritis/ national organisation for rare diseases c3 glomerulopathy: dense deposit disease and c3 glomerulonephritis

 

Research:

Bernieh b, sirwal ia, abbadi ma, ashfaquddin m, mohammad ao. The spectrum of glomerulonephritis in adults in madinah munawarah region. Saudi j kidney dis transpl [serial online] 2000 [cited 2016 oct 20];11:455-60. Available from: http://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2000/11/3/455/36669

Sathe pa, madiwale c v. Strongyloidiasis hyperinfection in a patient with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. J postgrad med [serial online] 2006 [cited 2016 oct 20];52:221-2. Available from: http://www.jpgmonline.com/text.asp?2006/52/3/221/26547

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijn/2016/5163065/ rose m. Ayoob and andrew l. Schwaderer, “acute kidney injury and atypical features during pediatric poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis,” international journal of nephrology, vol. 2016, article id 5163065, 5 pages, 2016. Doi:10.1155/2016/5163065

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1413-86702006000100011 braz j infect dis vol.10 no.1 salvador feb. 2006 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-86702006000100011 case reports anti-glomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis in an hiv positive patient: case report by eduardo josé bellotto monteiro et al.,

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijn/2012/424968/ claudio bazzi, omran bakoush, and loreto gesualdo, “proteinuria: from molecular to clinical applications in glomerulonephritis,” international journal of nephrology, vol. 2012, article id 424968, 1 pages, 2012. Doi:10.1155/2012/424968

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crirh/2016/9070487/ supraja yeturi, mary cronin, adam robin, campbell lorna, and ann k. Rosenthal, “pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis in connective tissue disease,” case reports in rheumatology, vol. 2016, article id 9070487, 6 pages, 2016. Doi:10.1155/2016/9070487

Vilija c, paulius k, karolis a, augustina j. Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis and acute rheumatic fever: an uncommon coincidence. Ann pediatr card [serial online] 2016 [cited 2016 oct 20];9:268-9. Available from: http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2016/9/3/268/189115

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijn/2012/424968/ claudio bazzi, omran bakoush, and loreto gesualdo, “proteinuria: from molecular to clinical applications in glomerulonephritis,” international journal of nephrology, vol. 2012, article id 424968, 1 pages, 2012. Doi:10.1155/2012/424968

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crirh/2016/9070487/ supraja yeturi, mary cronin, adam robin, campbell lorna, and ann k. Rosenthal, “pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis in connective tissue disease,” case reports in rheumatology, vol. 2016, article id 9070487, 6 pages, 2016. Doi:10.1155/2016/9070487

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crirh/2012/751683/ mohammad bagher owlia, roya hemayati, shokouh taghipour zahir, and mohammad moeini nodeh, “dermatomyositis sine myositis with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis,” case reports in rheumatology, vol. 2012, article id 751683, 3 pages, 2012. Doi:10.1155/2012/751683

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2014/190860/ junhui zhen, le zhang, jiachao pan, et al., “aim2 mediates inflammation-associated renal damage in hepatitis b virus-associated glomerulonephritis by regulating caspase-1, il-1ß, and il-18,” mediators of inflammation, vol. 2014, article id 190860, 9 pages, 2014. Doi:10.1155/2014/190860

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijn/2014/180690/ bahar caliskan, halil yazici, yasar caliskan, et al., “the effects of helicobacter pylori eradication on proteinuria in patients with primary glomerulonephritis,” international journal of nephrology, vol. 2014, article id 180690, 6 pages, 2014. Doi:10.1155/2014/180690

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2011/275302/ toshiyuki takai, akira nakamura, and shota endo, “role of pir-b in autoimmune glomerulonephritis,”journal of biomedicine and biotechnology, vol. 2011, article id 275302, 9 pages, 2011. Doi:10.1155/2011/275302

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crim/2010/683652/ a. Hamzaoui, o. Harzallah, r. Klii, l. Njim, and s. Mahjoub, “pulmonary embolism revealing idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis,” case reports in medicine, vol. 2010, article id 683652, 3 pages, 2010. Doi:10.1155/2010/683652

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa013036#t=article risk of renal allograft loss from recurrent glomerulonephritis by esther m. Briganti, m.b., b.s., m.clin.epi., et al., n engl j med 2002; 347:103-109july 11, 2002doi: 10.1056/nejmoa013036

 

Related topics:

http://treatment.hpathy.com/homeo-medicine/homeopathy-glomerulonephritis/ hpathy homeopathy for glomerulonephritis

 

Other articles:

http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/endocrine/c_dg_glomerulonephritis pet md glomerulonephritis in dogs

http://www.veterinarypartner.com/content.plx?a=1352 the pet health library glomerulonephritis

http://www.vcahospitals.com/main/pet-health-information/article/animal-health/glomerulonephritis-in-dogs/1016 vca animal hospitals glomerulonephritis in dogs

 

Other helpful resources(support groups):

https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/glomerul national kidney foundation

http://www.kidney.ca/glomerulonephritis the kidney foundation of canada

http://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/other-kidney-conditions/glomerulonephritis.html american kidney fund

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwjvrepp5pa glomerulonephritis: all you need to know - dr deepa jayaram

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64xuw1hz5hy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kzf_2ojqqae glomerulonephritis pathophysiology nurs 274

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tabf_dk2yk4 acute glomerulonephritis (agn)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wxte-guyv44 acute and chronic glomerulonephritis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=je2tknnovgm glomerulonephritis overview + concept map

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pje5cnalvho glomerulonephritis - crash! Medical review series

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zm1hvgtik14 nephrotic syndrome/glomerulonephritis

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.slideshare.net/vmshashi/pathology-of-glomerulonephritis pathology of glomerulonephritis by shashidhar venkatesh murthy

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