Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterised by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure. Other symptoms include feeling tired to a degree that normal activities are affected, sleep problems, and troubles with memory. Some people also report restless legs syndrome, bowel or bladder problems, numbness and tingling, and sensitivity to noise, lights or temperature. Fibromyalgia is frequently associated with depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Other types of chronic pain are also frequently present.

The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown but believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors with half the risk attributed to each. The condition runs in families and many genes are believed to be involved. Environmental factors may include psychological stress, trauma, and certain infections. The pain appears to result from processes in the central nervous system and the condition is referred to as a "central sensitization syndrome". Fibromyalgia is recognized as a disorder by the USNational Institutes of Health and the American College of Rheumatology. There is no specific diagnostic test. Diagnosis involves first ruling out other potential causes and verifying that a set number of symptoms are present.

The treatment of fibromyalgia can be difficult. Recommendations often include getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, and eating a healthy diet. Cognitive behavioral therapy may also be helpful. The medications duloxetine, milnacipran, or pregabalin may be used. Use of opioid pain medication is poorly supported by evidence. Dietary supplements also lack evidence to support their use. While fibromyalgia can last a long time, it does not result in death or tissue damage.

Fibromyalgia is estimated to affect 2–8% of the population. Females are affected about two times as often as males. Rates appear similar in different areas of the world and among different cultures. Fibromyalgia was first defined in 1990 with updated criteria in 2011. There is controversy about the classification, diagnosis, and treatment of fibromyalgia. While some feel the diagnosis of fibromyalgia may negatively affect a person, other research finds it to be beneficial. The term "fibromyalgia" is from New Latin,fibro-, meaning "fibrous tissues", Greek µ?? myo-, "muscle", and Greek ????? algos, "pain"; thus the term literally means "muscleand connective tissue pain".


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information: web md fibromyalgia mayo clinic fibromyalgia nhs uk fibromyalgia health line what do you want to know about fibromyalgia? national fibromyalgia and chronic pain association fibromyalgia nfa fibromyalgia symptoms better health fibromyalgia every day health fibromyalgia — an elusive illness family doctor org fibromyalgia kids fibromyalgia arthritis new zealand fibromyalgia health direct fibromyalgia university of maryland fibromyalgia southern cross medical library fibromyalgia spine universe fibromyalgia clevland clinic fibromyalgia very well coping with chronic fibromyalgia pain arthritis association fibromyalgia


Advanced information: medicine fibromyalgia american college of rheumatology fibromyalgia medscape fibromyalgia overview medical news today fibromyalgia: symptoms, causes and treatments cdc fibromyalgia patient fibromyalgia upto date patient information: fibromyalgia (beyond the basics) consumer reports best medications to treat fibromyalgia national sleep foundation fibromyalgia and sleep news fibromyalgia now considered as a lifelong central nervous system disorder spectra cell fibromyalgia fibromyalgia syndrome:definition, classification, clinical diagnosis and prognosis doi 10.1007/s00482-012-1169-x exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome (review) by busch aj, barber ka, overend tj, peloso pmj, schachter cl


Research: hyperbaric oxygen therapy can diminish fibromyalgia syndrome – prospective clinical trial by shai efrati et al., treatment of pain in fibromyalgia patients with testosterone gel: pharmacokinetics and clinical response by hillary d. White et al., international immunopharmacology volume 27, issue 2, august 2015, pages 249–256 doi:10.1016/j.intimp.2015.05.016 a randomized trial of tai chi for fibromyalgia by chenchen wang, m.d., m.p.h et al., n engl j med 2010; 363:743-754august 19, 2010doi: 10.1056/nejmoa0912611 fibromyalgia: an afferent processing disorder leading to a complex pain generalized syndrome by howard s. Smith, md, richard harris, phd,and daniel clauw, md pain physician 2011; 14:e217-e245 • issn 2150-1149 the comparative economic burden of mild, moderate, and severe fibromyalgia: results from a retrospective chart review and cross-sectional survey of working-age u.s. Adults by arthi chandran, ms, mph et al; j manag care pharm. 2012;18(6):415-26 efficacy and safety of duloxetine for treatment of fibromyalgia in patients with or without major depressive disorder: results from a 6-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose trial by i. Jon russell et al., pain 136 (2008) 432–444 alternative treatment of fibromyalgia using the oxytocin-hormonal-nutrient protocol to increase nitric oxide by jorge flechas, md, mph the original internist september 2007 neurogenic neuroinflammation in fibromyalgia and complex regional pain syndrome by geoffrey littlejohn nature reviews rheumatology 11,639–648(2015)doi:10.1038/nrrheum.2015.100 rehabilitation approaches in fibromyalgia by nicola adams & julius sim disability and rehabilitation, june 2005, 27(12): 711 – 723


Other helpful resources(support groups): fibromyalgia support network the american fibromyalgia syndrome association


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