Factitious Disorder

Factitious Disorder

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020

A factitious disorder is a condition in which a person acts as if they have an illness by deliberately producing, feigning, or exaggerating symptoms. Factitious disorder imposed on another is a condition in which a person deliberately produces, feigns, or exaggerates the symptoms of someone in his or her care.

Münchausen syndrome, a severe form of factitious disorder, was the first kind identified, and was for a period the umbrella term for all such disorders.

People with this condition may produce symptoms by contaminating urine samples, taking hallucinogens, injecting themselves with fecal material to produce an abscess, and other similar behaviour.

They might be motivated to perpetrate factitious disorders either as a patient or by proxy as a caregiver to gain any variety of benefits including attention, nurturing, sympathy, and leniency that are seen as not obtainable any other way. In contrast, somatic symptom disorders, though also diagnoses of exclusion, are characterized by multiple somatic complaints that are not produced intentionally.

Basic information:

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_an_overview_of_factitious_disorders cleveland disorders factitious disorders

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/factitious-disorder/basics/definition/con-20031319 mayo clinic factitious disorders

http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/factitious-disorders web md factitious disorders

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/psychiatric-disorders/somatic-symptom-and-related-disorders/factitious-disorder-imposed-on-self merck manuals (professional version) factitious disorder imposed on self

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/munchausens-syndrome/pages/introduction.aspx nhs uk munchausen's syndrome

http://www.psyweb.com/mdisord/jsp/factd.jsp psy web factitious disorders

https://www.symptoma.com/en/info/factitious-disorder symptoma factitious disorders

Advanced information:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/291304-overview medscape factitious disorder imposed on self

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/295258-overview medscape factitious disorder imposed on another

http://www.minddisorders.com/del-fi/factitious-disorder.html mind disorders factitious disorders

http://patient.info/doctor/munchhausens-syndrome patient factitious disorders

https://www.elementsbehavioralhealth.com/mental-health/what-is-the-difference-between-malingering-and-factitious-disorder/ what is the difference between malingering and factitious disorder?

http://www.currentpsychiatry.com/home/article/factitious-disorder-what-to-do-when-someone-plays-sick/6a5e0ee9296e63f0537a9d250a154f27.html?trendmd-shared=0 factitious disorder: what to do when someone plays sick

http://www.dovemed.com/diseases-conditions/factitious-disorder-nos/ dove med factitious disorder, nos


Dahale ab, hatti s, thippeswamy h, chaturvedi sk. Factitious disorder-experience at a neuropsychiatric center in southern india. Indian j psychol med [serial online] 2014 [cited 2016 aug 22];36:62-5. Available from: http://www.ijpm.info/text.asp?2014/36/1/62/127253

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc1484524/ proc (bayl univ med cent). 2006 jul; 19(3): 195–208. Pmcid: pmc1484524 factitious disease: clinical lessons from case studies at baylor university medical center by adria c. Savino and john s. Fordtran, md

http://www.esciencecentral.org/journals/factitious-disorder-imposed-on-another-munchausen-syndrome-by-proxy-apotentially-lethal-form-of-child-abuse-2375-4494-1000e106.php?aid=58655 zaky ea (2015) factitious disorder imposed on another (munchausen syndrome by proxy), a potentially lethal form of child abuse. J child adolesc behav 3:e106. Doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000e106

http://www.priory.com/psych/factitious.htm factitious disorder with psychological signs and symptoms case reports and proposals for improving diagnosis by andrei szoke*, md, et al.,

https://www.karger.com/article/fulltext/382073 case rep gastroenterol 2015;9:137-141
(doi:10.1159/000382073) factitious disorder in crohn's disease: recurrent pancytopenia caused by surreptitious ingestion of 6-mercaptopurine by kahn a et al.,

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0004-282x2005000200023 arq. Neuro-psiquiatr. Vol.63 no.2a são paulo june 2005 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0004-282x2005000200023 factitious disorder mimicking addiction to levodopa in a patient with advanced parkinson's disease by antônio l. Teixeira-jr et al.,

http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.ajp.160.6.1163 article:patients who strive to be ill: factitious disorder with physical symptoms by lois e. Krahn, m.d., hongzhe li, ph.d., and m. Kevin o’connor, m.d. Volume 160, issue 6, june 2003, pp. 1163-1168 the american journal of psychiatry published online: june 01,2003 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.160.6.1163

http://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13104-015-1265-y fatal non-thrombotic pulmonary embolization in a patient with undiagnosed factitious disorder by younghoon kwon et al., bmc research notes20158:302 doi: 10.1186/s13104-015-1265-y

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260302140_when_patients_deceive_doctors_a_review_of_factitious_disorderswhen patients deceive doctors: a review of factitious disorders the american journal of forensic psychiatry 23(2) january 2002 by jose maldonado

http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/199/2/113 psychopathology of perpetrators of fabricated or induced illness in children: case series by christopher bass, david jones the british journal of psychiatry jul 2011, 199 (2) 113-118; doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.109.074088

https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal/read-the-journal/all-issues/2010-2019/2011/vol-124-no-1342/article-kenedi laboratory diagnosis of factitious disorder: a systematic review of tools useful in the diagnosis of munchausen’s syndrome by christopher a kenedi, et al.,the new zealand medical journal 9th september 2011, volume 124 number 1342

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/a:1021106022330 the impact of factitious disorder on the physician-patient relationship. An epistemological model by van der feltz-cornelis, c.m. Med health care philos (2002) 5: 253. Doi:10.1023/a:1021106022330

other helpful resources(support groups):

http://munchausen.com/ munchausen

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x88iceq4tmk grey's anatomy (factitious disorder)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9texiuuefqi psychologist explains factitious disorder

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gicxagos1_e understanding factitious disorder

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aq7fuslhg1m factitious disorder - munchausen's syndrome & munchausen's syndrome by proxy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tsuhvafmg88 distinguishing somatoform and factitious disorders from malingering (part 1)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dgant-qhyts distinguishing somatoform and factitious disorders from malingering (part 2)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-qdto1nxas distinguishing somatoform and factitious disorders from malingering (part 3)

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/09/17/i-was-a-psychiatrist-in-post-911-new-york-patients-lied-all-the-time-about-that-day/?utm_term=.4b9ae2c26fac washington post was a psychiatrist in post-9/11 new york. Patients lied all the time about that day.

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