Facial Nerve Palsy

Facial Nerve Palsy

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020
Facial Nerve Palsy

Facial nerve paralysis is a common problem that involves the paralysis of any structures innervated by the facial nerve. The pathway of the facial nerve is long and relatively convoluted, and so there are a number of causes that may result in facial nerve paralysis. The most common is Bell's palsy, an idiopathic disease that may only be diagnosed by exclusion.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information:

http://www.healthline.com/health/facial-paralysis facial paralysis

http://www.facialpalsy.org.uk/about-facial-palsy/what-is-facial-palsy/1395/ facial nerve palsy

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003028.htm facial paralysis

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/facial-nerve-palsy/overview.html facial nerve palsy

http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/bells-palsy-topic-overview bells palsy

http://www.medbroadcast.com/condition/getcondition/bells-palsy bells palsy

http://www.tampaent.com/conditions-bells-palsy-ent-doctors-wesley-chapel-fl.html tampa facial nerve palsy

http://entsho.com/facial-nerve-palsy/ entsho.com facial nerve palsy

http://www.uofmhealth.org/conditions-treatments/ear-nose-throat/facial-cosmetic-surgery/facial-paralysis university of michigan health system bells palsy

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bells-palsy/multimedia/facial-nerve/img-20008219 bells palsy

https://www.southerncross.co.nz/aboutthegroup/healthresources/medicallibrary/tabid/178/vw/1/itemid/98/bells-palsy-symptoms-causes-treatment.aspx southern cross health care group bell's palsy - symptoms, causes, treatment

http://umm.edu/programs/hearing/services/facial-nerve-disorders facial nerve disorders

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/bells-palsy/pages/complications.aspx bells palsy complications


Advanced information:

http://patient.info/doctor/facial-nerve-palsy facial nerve palsy

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1290547-overview facial nerve palsy

http://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/neuro-ophthalmologic-and-cranial-nerve-disorders/facial-nerve-palsy facial nerve palsy

http://www.medicinenet.com/facial_nerve_problems/article.htm facial nerve problems

http://www.uhs.nhs.uk/ourservices/brainspineandneuromuscular/thewessexfacialnervecentre/typesoffacialnervedisorders.aspxuniversity hospital southampton facial nerve disorders

http://neuromuscular.wustl.edu/nanatomy/vii.htm facial nerve disorders

http://www.fastbleep.com/medical-notes/neuro-and-psych/2/2/514 fast bleep facial nerve palsy

http://radiopaedia.org/articles/facial-palsy facial palsy

http://webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu/eyeforum/cases/215-facial-nerve.htm university of lowa health care facial nerve palsy: ocular complications and management jeffrey d. Welder, md, richard c. Allen, md, phd, facs, and erin m. Shriver, md, facs

https://medicine.yale.edu/surgery/plastics/care/cranio/facialpalsy.aspx#page1 yale school of medicine facial palsy

http://www.dovemed.com/facial-nerve-palsy-due-to-birth-trauma/ facial palsy

http://www.nyee.edu/patient-care/otolaryngology/facial-paralysis/causes newyork eye and ear infirmary mount sinai causes facial paralysis

http://sorensenclinic.com/microsurgery/house-brackmann/ sorensen grading system

http://www.fpnotebook.com/neuro/cn/fclnrvprlyscs.htm facial nerve palsy

http://www.ambonsall.com/pdf/facial%20nerve%20palsy.pdf facial nerve palsy

http://www.physio-pedia.com/facial_palsy facial palsy

http://www.jorl.net/otolaryngology/evaluation-of-patients-of-traumatic-facial-palsy-treated-by-facial-nerve-decompression-via-transmastoid-approach.pdf evaluation of patients of traumatic facial palsy treated by facial nerve decompression via transmastoid approach mitul chaitan bhatt maharashtra university miraj india issn: 2250-0359 volume 6 issue 1 2016

http://www.medmerits.com/index.php/article/bell_palsy/p7 med merits differential diagnosis bells palsy

http://neurosurgery.mgh.harvard.edu/cranialbasecenter/b95.htm massachusets general hospital management of facial paralysis after intracranial surgeryby mack chen, md and michael mckenna, m.d



http://www.hindawi.com/journals/criem/2012/458371/ case reports in emergency medicine
volume 2012 (2012), article id 458371, 3 pageshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/458371 case report:bilateral facial nerve palsy: a diagnostic dilemma by sohil pothiawala and fatimah lateef

http://ispub.com/ijns/2/2/11553 c pereira, e santos, j monteiro, a de araújo morais, c tôrres santos. Peripheral facial palsy: anatomy and physiology. An update. The internet journal of neurosurgery. 2004 volume 2 number 2.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1319453414001076 neuro-ophthalmology update neuro-ophthalmological approach to facial nerve palsy by joana portelinha et al., saudi journal of ophthalmology volume 29, issue 1, january–march 2015, pages 39–47 doi:10.1016/j.sjopt.2014.09.009

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p997.html bell's palsy: diagnosis and management jeffrey d. Tiemstra, md, and nandini khatkhate, md, university of illinois at chicago college of medicine, chicago, illinois am fam physician. 2007 oct 1;76(7):997-1002

http://www.aapd.org/assets/1/25/siwula6-02.pdf acute onset of facial nerve palsy associated with lyme disease in a 6-year-old child joy m. Siwula, dmd gregory mathieu, dds pediatric dentistry – 24:6, 2002

http://archotol.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=410281 facial nerve palsy in neonates secondary to forceps use freemelanie duval, md; sam j. Daniel, md, msc, frcsc arch otolaryngol head neck surg. 2009;135(7):634-636. Doi:10.1001/archoto.2009.69

http://www.nature.com/eye/journal/v18/n12/full/6701383a.html eye (2004) 18, 1225–1234. Doi:10.1038/sj.eye.6701383 published online 16 april 2004 ophthalmic management of facial nerve palsy by v lee et al.,

Kumar r, karthikeyan c v, singh ca, preetam c, sikka k. Iatrogenic facial nerve palsy "prevention is better than cure": analysis of four cases. Indian j otol [serial online] 2011 [cited 2016 may 10];17:170-2. Available from: http://www.indianjotol.org/text.asp?2011/17/4/170/94498

http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2fjlo%2fjlo114_09%2fs0022215100001948a.pdf&code=e9a7a4d61b4aaf1a388169c5ae3c5095 the journal of laryngology & otology september 2000, vol. 114, pp. 704–705 clinical records recurrent facial nerve palsy on ying m. Motamed, h. Pau, a. Daudia, a. Narula

http://www.hoajonline.com/paediatrhealth/2052-935x/1/1 okike co, ezeonu ct, onyire bn and manyike pc: facial nerve palsy: an unusual feature of plasmodium falciparum. Paediatrics and health 2013, 1:1 http://dx.doi.org/10.7243/2052-935x-1-1

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi= facial nerve palsy after head injury: case incidence, causes, clinical profile and outcome timothy olugbenga odebode, mbchb and foluwasayo e. Ologe, mbbs the journal of trauma injury, infection, and critical care j trauma. 2006;61:388–391 doi: 10.1097/01.ta.0000224140.26660.5

http://www.jpsr.pharmainfo.in/documents/volumes/vol6issue09/jpsr06091405.pdf facial nerve paralysis after anaesthetic usage- a review sweta.v.r et al /j. Pharm. Sci. & res. Vol. 6(9), 2014, 308-309

http://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-0500-7-729 homozygous hemoglobin s (hbss) presenting with bilateral facial nerve palsy: a case report babatunde gbolahan ogundunmade andunyime sunday jasperbmc research notes20147:729doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-7-729

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=s0034-72992009000200011&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. Vol.75 no.2 são paulo mar./apr. 2009 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0034-72992009000200011 original article facial paralysis associated with acute otitis media

http://www.webmedcentral.com/article_view/1856 aik kah t, hanom annuar f. A systemic approach to facial nerve paralysis. Webmedcentral ophthalmology 2011;2(4):wmc001856
doi: 10.9754/journal.wmc.2011.001856

http://www.ajnr.org/content/15/3/479.full.pdf idiopathic, herpetic, and hiv -associated facial nerve palsies: abnormal mr enhancement patterns sabine sartoretti-schefer, werner wichmann, and anton valavanis ajnr 15:479-485, mar 1994 0195-6108/94/ 1503-0479

http://www.jns.dergisi.org/text.php3?id=43 journal of neurological sciences (turkish) 2005, volume 22, number 3, page(s) 304-308 sarcoidosis: a cause for bilateral facial palsy kadir kotil, bekir kilinç

http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1698-69462006000200017 med. Oral patol. Oral cir.bucal (internet) v.11 n.2 madrid mar.-abr. 2006 facial nerve paralysis after impacted lower third molar surgery: a literature review and case report belmiro cavalcanti do egito vasconcelos

http://caribbean.scielo.org/scielo.php?pid=s0043-31442013000900015&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en west indian med. J. Vol.62 no.9 mona dec. 2013 deep lobe parotid abscess with facial nerve palsy: a case report t-h chi et al.,

http://www.degruyter.com/dg/viewarticle.fullcontentlink:pdfeventlink/$002fj$002fromneu.2015.22.issue-1$002fromneu-2015-0015$002fromneu-2015-0015.pdf?t:ac=j$002fromneu.2015.22.issue-1$002fromneu-2015-0015$002fromneu-2015-0015.xml post-traumatic acute bilateral facial nerve palsy - a management dilemma kumar et al doi: 10.1515/romneu-2015-0015 romanian neurosurgery (2015) xxix (xxii) 1: 116 – 119

http://facta.junis.ni.ac.rs/mab/mab200303/mab200303-10.pdf facta universitatis series: medicine and biology vol.10, no 3, 2003, pp. 145 - 147 uc 616.833.17-009.11 traumatic facial palsy dragoljub popovic, milan stankovic, zorica popovic, dušan milisavljevic

http://file.scirp.org/pdf/ijohns_2014091215065232.pdf international journal of otolaryngology and head & neck surgery, 2014, 3, 248-251 published online september 2014 in scires. Http://www.scirp.org/journal/ijohns http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijohns.2014.35045 a rare case of suppurative parotitis with facial nerve palsy manoj kumar kanzhuly et al

http://irep.iium.edu.my/10592/1/imjvol8no1pg41-44_-_bilateral_facial_nerve_palsy.pdf bilateral facial nerve palsy secondary to an atypical presentation of gullain-barré syndrome azarisman sms, shahrin tca, marzuki ao, fatnoon nna and rathor my the international medical journal volume 8 number 1, june 2009

http://www.lymepa.org/06%20bellspalsy%20and%20positive%20association%20with%20lyme%20disease%20infection%202.pdfetiology of aseptic meningitis, peripheral facial nerve palsy, and a combination of both in children nicolas waespe, md,* ingrid steffen, md,† and ulrich heininger, md the pediatric infectious disease journal • volume 29, number 5, may 2010 issn: 0891-3668/10/2905-0001 doi: 10.1097/inf.0b013e3181c3cae6


Related topics:

http://www.oapublishinglondon.com/article/775 petrova ma. The combination of biopuncture and acupuncture in secondary facial nerve palsy. Oa alternative medicine 2013 sep 01;1(2):20.


Other articles:

http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/neurological/c_multi_facial_nerve_paresis facial nerve palsy in dogs



Related videos:


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ys1tllw3fpq lower motor neuron lesion & facial nerve palsy - facial lesions

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l8hiwpym6ve bell's palsy vs upper motor neuron lesion

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sbiqx6befhy facial nerve examination...normal and abnormal

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kyljsa-biig facial nerve palsy ( in neonate)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dhg_ialkv3g peripheral facial nerve palsy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q65n3ktxzzc facial nerve palsy grading


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.slideshare.net/ibrahimbarakat/facial-nerve facial nerve by dr.ibrahim habib

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