Euthanasia (from Greek: e??a?as?a; "good death": e?, eu; "well" or "good" – ???at??, thanatos; "death") is the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering.
There are different euthanasia laws in each country. The British House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics defines euthanasia as "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering".In the Netherlands and Flanders, euthanasia is understood as "termination of life by a doctor at the request of a patient".
Euthanasia is categorized in different ways, which include voluntary, non-voluntary, or involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia is legal in some countries. Non-voluntary euthanasia (patient's consent unavailable) is illegal in all countries. Involuntary euthanasia (without asking consent or against the patient's will) is also illegal in all countries and is usually considered murder. As of 2006, euthanasia is the most active area of research in contemporary bioethics.
In some countries there is a divisive public controversy over the moral, ethical, and legal issues of euthanasia. Those who are against euthanasia may argue for the sanctity of life, while proponents of euthanasia rights emphasize alleviating suffering, and preserving bodily integrity, self-determination, and personal autonomy. Jurisdictions where euthanasia is legal include theNetherlands, Canada, Colombia, Belgium, and Luxembourg.
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Https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criem/2016/6270491/ Steven Jason Crellin and Kenneth D. Katz, “Pentobarbital Toxicity after Self-Administration of Euthasol Veterinary Euthanasia Medication,” Case Reports in Emergency Medicine, vol. 2016, Article ID 6270491, 4 pages, 2016. Doi:10.1155/2016/6270491
Khan F, Tadros G. Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in Indian context: Sooner or later the need to ponder!. Indian J Psychol Med [serial online] 2013 [cited 2016 Oct 19];35:101-5. Available from: http://www.ijpm.info/text.asp?2013/35/1/101/112220