Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems. Through the endoscope, the physician can see the inside of the stomach and duodenum, and inject a contrast medium into the ducts in the biliary tree and pancreas so they can be seen on radiographs.
ERCP is used primarily to diagnose and treat conditions of the bile ducts and main pancreatic duct, including gallstones, inflammatory strictures (scars), leaks (from trauma and surgery), and cancer. ERCP can be performed for diagnostic and therapeutic reasons, although the development of safer and relatively non-invasive investigations such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic ultrasound has meant that ERCP is now rarely performed without therapeutic intent.
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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/dte/2013/102571/ girolamo geraci, giuseppe modica, carmelo sciumè, and antonio sciuto, “intradiverticular ampulla of vater: personal experience at ercp,” diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy, vol. 2013, article id 102571, 4 pages, 2013. Doi:10.1155/2013/102571
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/grp/2012/657418/ guohua li, youxiang chen, xiaojiang zhou, and nonghua lv, “early management experience of perforation after ercp,” gastroenterology research and practice, vol. 2012, article id 657418, 6 pages, 2012. Doi:10.1155/2012/657418
Jaiswal sk, sreevastava dk, datta r, lamba ns. Unusual occurrence of massive subcutaneous emphysema during ercp under general anaesthesia. Indian j anaesth [serial online] 2013 [cited 2016 oct 18];57:615-7. Available from: http://www.ijaweb.org/text.asp?2013/57/6/615/123340
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/hpb/2008/259141/ nikhil p. Jaik, brian a. Hoey, and s. Peter stawicki, “evolving role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in management of extrahepatic hepatic ductal injuries due to blunt trauma: diagnostic and treatment algorithms,” hpb surgery, vol. 2008, article id 259141, 9 pages, 2008. Doi:10.1155/2008/259141
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2014/301891/ a. Krasniqi, b. Bicaj, d. Limani, et al., “the role of perioperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and biliary drainage in large liver hydatid cysts,” the scientific world journal, vol. 2014, article id 301891, 6 pages, 2014. Doi:10.1155/2014/301891
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/dte/2014/314927/ jayapal ramesh, nipun reddy, hwasoon kim, et al., “safety and yield of diagnostic ercp in liver transplant patients with abnormal liver function tests,” diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy, vol. 2014, article id 314927, 5 pages, 2014. Doi:10.1155/2014/314927