Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020

Endorphins (contracted from "endogenous morphine") are endogenous opioid neuropeptides in humans and other animals. They are produced by the central nervous system and the pituitary gland. The term implies a pharmacological activity (analogous to the activity of the corticosteroid category of biochemicals) as opposed to a specific chemical formulation. It consists of two parts: endo- and -orphin; these are short forms of the words endogenous and morphine, intended to mean "a morphine-like substance originating from within the body".The class of endorphin compounds includes a-endorphin, ß-endorphin, ?-endorphin, s-endorphin, a-neo-endorphin, and ß-neo-endorphin. The principal function of endorphins is to inhibit the transmission of pain signals; they may also produce a feeling of euphoria very similar to that produced by other opioids.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information:

http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/exercise-depression#1 web md exercise and depression

http://www.everydayhealth.com/endorphins/guide/ everyday health what are endorphins?

http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/exercise-and-stress/art-20044469 mayoclinic exercise and stress: get moving to manage stress

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/14/science/14laughter.html new york times scientists hint at why laughter feels so good

http://www.livestrong.com/article/361767-benefit-of-endorphins/ live strong benefit of endorphins

http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/fundamentals/exercise-and-fitness/benefits-of-exercise merck manuals (consumer version) benefits of exercise

http://www.healthline.com/health/depression/exercise health line exercise, depression, and the brain

http://www.healthcentral.com/depression/c/4182/100491/depression-fail/ health central how fitness lessens depression and fatigue (and how not to fail)


Advanced information:

http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=55001 medicine net endorphins: natural pain and stress fighters

http://www.chemistryexplained.com/di-fa/endorphins.html chemistry explaines endorphins

http://psychcentral.com/news/2014/06/21/mouse-study-finds-sun-exposure-releases-endorphins/71511.html psych central mouse study finds sun exposure releases endorphins by janice wood

University of bonn. "runners' high demonstrated: brain imaging shows release of endorphins in brain." sciencedaily. Sciencedaily, 6 march 2008. Www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080303101110.htm .

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/278581.php medical news today 'feel-good hormones' make sun exposure addictive, study suggests



http://impulse.appstate.edu/sites/impulse.appstate.edu/files/2006_06_05_leuenberger.pdf endorphins, exercise, and addictions: a review of exercise dependence by andrea leuenberger et al., impulse: the premier journal for undergraduate publications in the neurosciences 2006

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3104618/ hawaii med j. 2010 mar; 69(3): 70–71. Pmcid: pmc3104618 understanding endorphins and their importance in pain management by adam s sprouse-blum, ba, greg smith, bs, daniel sugai, ba, and f don parsa, md, facs

http://impulse.appstate.edu/sites/impulse.appstate.edu/files/2006_06_05_leuenberger.pdf endorphins, exercise, and addictions: a review of exercise dependence by andrea leuenberger impulse: the premier journal for undergraduate publications in the neurosciences 2006

http://psrcentre.org/images/extraimages/41.%201211916.pdf release of endomorphin hormone and its effects on our body and moods: a review by dr. P. B. Rokade international conference on chemical, biological and environment sciences (iccebs'2011) bangkok dec., 2011

http://jneurosci.org/content/jneuro/21/23/rc184.full.pdf stimulation of endorphin neurotransmission in the nucleus accumbens by ethanol, cocaine, and amphetamine by m. Foster olive et al, the journal of neuroscience, 2001, vol. 21 rc184 1 of 5

http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/279/1731/1161 social laughter is correlated with an elevated pain threshold by r. I. M. Dunbar et al.,, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.1373

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/16946379_the_role_of_endorphins_in_stress_evidence_and_speculationthe role of endorphins in stress: evidence and speculation by shimon amir et al., neuroscience & biobehavioral reviews 4(1):77-86 february 1980 with 1,011 reads doi: 10.1016/0149-7634(80)90027-5 source: pubmed


Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjm_hundb1g endorphin release - feel great - binaural beats

http://woman.thenest.com/endorphins-exercise-females-1485.html endorphins & exercise in females

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwalh8v7via endorphins

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwcftgiu2hs endorphins: the brain's natural morphine

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-hfdoyeaw6k drugs - dopamine and endorphins and what they do in our lives!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lc_dilvgrd8 what are endorphins?...and enkephalins?


Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.rd.com/health/8-ways-to-naturally-increase-endorphins/ readers digest 8 ways to naturally increase endorphins

http://dailyburn.com/life/fitness/what-are-endorphins-runners-high/ daily burn endorphins and the truth about why exercise makes you happy

http://edition.cnn.com/2016/01/13/health/endorphins-exercise-cause-happiness/ cnn why endorphins (and exercise) make you happy

http://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/hacking-into-your-happy-c_b_6007660 huffington post hacking into your happy chemicals: dopamine, serotonin, endorphins and oxytocin

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-laughter-may-be-the-best-pain-medicine/ the scientific american why laughter may be the best pain medicine

http://fitness.mercola.com/sites/fitness/archive/2016/01/29/exercise-endorphins-happiness.aspx mercola why exercise and endorphins make you happy

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/sep/21/watching-a-sad-films-boosts-endorphin-levels-in-your-brain-psychologists-say the guardian watching sad films boosts endorphin levels in your brain, psychologists say

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/9007356/alcohol-releases-addictive-endorphins-study-shows.html telegraph alcohol releases addictive endorphins, study shows

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/8899/20140622/tanning-addiction-is-real-uv-rays-cause-endorphin-high-study.htmtech times tanning addiction is real. Uv rays cause endorphin high: study

http://www.militarytimes.com/story/military/pt365/2015/11/15/endorphins-performance-hack-how-get-more-your-workout/75822126/ military times endorphins are a performance hack — how to get more in your workout

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-compass-pleasure/201104/exercise-pleasure-and-the-brain psychology today exercise, pleasure and the brain

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3008/ten-foods-make-happy-eater.html daily mail ten foods that make you a happy eater

read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3008/ten-foods-make-happy-eater.html#ixzz4nzq4o500

http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/need-a-quick-endorphins-boost-take-that-2218953.html independant need a quick endorphins boost? Take that

http://www.medicaldaily.com/social-network-pain-killers-endorphins-383881 medical daily having a large social network boosts pain-killing endorphins and increases tolerance

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