dystonia
18
Dystonia

Dystonia

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020
Dystonia

Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder syndrome in which sustained or repetitive muscle contractions result in twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal fixed postures. The disorder may be hereditary or caused by other factors such as birth-related or other physical trauma, infection, poisoning (e.g., lead poisoning) or reaction to pharmaceutical drugs, particularly neuroleptics. Dystonia is often intensified or exacerbated by physical activity, and symptoms may progress into adjacent muscles. Treatment must be highly customized to the needs of the individual and may include oral medications, chemo denervation botulinum neurotoxin injections, physical therapy and/or other supportive therapies, and/or surgical procedures such as deep brain stimulation.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information

http://patient.info/in/health/dystonia-leaflet. Patient, dystonia

http://www.webmd.com/brain/dystonia-causes-types-symptoms-and-treatments#1. Webmd, dystonia: causes, types, symptoms, and treatments

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dystonia/symptoms-causes/dxc-20163695. Mayo clinic, dystonia

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/312648-overview. Medscape, dystonias

http://www.medicinenet.com/dystonia/article.htm. Medicine net, dystonia

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/dystonia/pages/introduction.aspx. Nhs, dystonia

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/171354.php. Medical news today, dystonia: symptoms, causes and treatments

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/movement-and-cerebellar-disorders/dystonias. Merck manuals, dystonias

http://www.aans.org/patient%20information/conditions%20and%20treatments/dystonia.aspx. American association of neurological surgeons, dystonia

https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/dystonia/. National organisation of rare disorders, dystonia


Advanced information

https://medlineplus.gov/dystonia.html. Medline plus, dystonias

https://www.omim.org/entry/128230. Omim, dystonia


Research

http://www.cjcnn.org/index.php/cjcnn/article/view/759. Cjcnn, advances in molecular genetic studies of primary dystonia, doi 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2013.07.003

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnint.2011.00069/full. Frontiers, moving forward: advances in the treatment of movement disorders with deep brain stimulation, https://doi.org/10.3389/fnint.2011.00069

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fvets.2015.00065/full. Frontiers, dystonia and paroxysmal dyskinesias: under-recognized movement disorders in domestic animals? A comparison with human dystonia/paroxysmal dyskinesias, https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2015.00065

http://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1752-1947-4-294. Biomed central, status dystonicus resembling the intrathecal baclofen withdrawal syndrome: a case report and review of the literature, doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-4-294, muirhead et al.

Http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/5/2/249/htm. Long-term efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin injections in dystonia, toxins; doi:10.3390/toxins5020249

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fncir.2016.00090/full. Frontiers, contribution of tms and rtms in the understanding of the pathophysiology and in the treatment of dystonia, https://doi.org/10.3389/fncir.2016.00090

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00956/full. Frontiers, sensory abnormalities in focal hand dystonia and non-invasive brain stimulation, https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00956


Related topics

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/12/161208143445.htm. Science daily, scientists develop new drug screening tool for dystonia

http://www.neurology.org/cgi/collection/dystonia. More about dystonia

http://www.neurosymptoms.org/#/functional-dystonia/4582170997. Functional dystonias


Other articles

http://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/page/dystonia. Science direct, learn more about dystonia

http://www.nature.com/subjects/dystonia. Nature, dystonia latest research and reviews

http://www.icd10data.com/icd10cm/codes/g00-g99/g20-g26/g24-. Icd10 data


Other helpful resources

https://www.dystonia-foundation.org/. Dystonia medical research foundation

http://www.movementdisorders.org/mds/about/movement-disorder-overviews/dystonia.htm. International parkinson and movement disorder society

http://www.dystonia.org.uk/index.php/about-dystonia. The dystonia society

http://www.dystonia-parkinson.org/what-is-dystonia. Bachmann-strauss dystonia & parkinson foundation

http://www.pdf.org/dystonia. Parkinson’s disease foundation

https://www.michaeljfox.org/understanding-parkinsons/living-with-pd/topic.php?dystonia. Michael j fox foundation for parkinsom’s research

http://brainfoundation.org.au/disorders/dystonia. Brain foundation

http://www.torticollis.org/. National spasmodic torticollis association

http://www.wemove.org/. We move (worldwide education & awareness for movement disorders)


Videos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjiy1rdzpp8. Youtube, acute dystonia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqhhynyoozo. Youtube, what is dystonia and what does it feel like?

Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kuwa0jpf4tm. Youtube, abc news, dystonia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cd767amh4e. Youtube, what is dystonia? Dystonia awareness week

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fe5a4jmdyi0. Youtube, dystonia a movement disorder


Presentation/quiz/newspaper

https://www.slideshare.net/aymanalmalt/dystonia-22420681. Slideshare, dystonia

https://www.slideshare.net/tvelkov/movement-disorders-lecture. Slideshare, movement disorders

https://prezi.com/fdnm9b0ci-zk/dystonia/. Prezi, dystonia

https://prezi.com/pj9jlhfgbesm/dystonia/. Prezi, dystonia

Please leave your comments:



Related Articles