dysarthria
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Dysarthria

Dysarthria

Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020
Dysarthria

Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor-speech system and is characterized by poor articulation of phonemes. Normal speech production involves the integration and coordination of five primary physiological subsystems: respiration (breath support); phonation (voice production); articulation (pronunciation of words); resonation (nasal versus oral voice quality); and prosody (rate, rhythm, and inflection patterns of speech). Any of the speech subsystems can be affected, leading to impairments in intelligibility, audibility, naturalness, and efficiency of vocal communication. Neurological injury due to damage in the central or peripheral nervous system may result in weakness, paralysis, or a lack of coordination of the motor-speech system, producing dysarthria. Dysarthria progressed to a total loss of speech is referred to as anarthria.
 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007470.htm. Medline plus, dysarthria

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysarthria/basics/definition/con-20035008. Mayo clinic, dysathria

http://patient.info/in/doctor/dysarthria-and-dysphasia. Patient, dysarthria and dysphasia

http://www.webmd.com/brain/dysarthria-speech#1. Webmd, dysarthria

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/dysarthria/pages/introduction.aspx. Nhs, dysarthria (difficulty speaking)

https://medicalspeechpathology.wordpress.com/student-handbook/treatment-of-dysarthria/. Medical speech pathology, treatment of dysarthria


Advanced information

http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/encyclopedia/en/article/242/. International encyclopedia of rehabilitation, dysarthria

https://www.csuchico.edu/~pmccaffrey/syllabi/sppa342/342unit14.html. The neuroscience web series, dysarthria : characteristics, prognosis, remediation

http://www.csuchico.edu/~pmccaffrey//syllabi/sppa342/342unit12.html. The neuroscience web series, types of dysarthria : upper motor neuron damage


Research

http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaneurology/fullarticle/778531. The jama network, neuropathological correlates of dysarthria in progressive supranuclear palsy, karen j. Kluin, ms, ccc, bc-ncd; sid gilman, md; norman l. Foster, md; et al. Doi:10.1001/archneur.58.2.265

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s0021992413000117. Science direct, the incidence, co-occurrence, and predictors of dysphagia, dysarthria, and aphasia after first-ever acute ischemic stroke, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2013.04.001

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/pd/2012/850596/. Parkinson’s disease, effect of deep brain stimulation on speech performance in parkinson's disease, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/850596

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s2317-17822015000300248. Dysarthria and quality of life in neurologically healthy elderly and patients with parkinson's disease, http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20152014083

http://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2334-12-225. Biomed central, legionella pneumophila infection presenting as headache, confusion and dysarthria in a human immunodeficiency virus-1 (hiv-1) positive patient: case report, robbins et al. Doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-12-225

https://academic.oup.com/brain/article/129/3/767/390785/left-hemispheric-dominance-for-articulation-a. Brain, a journal of neurology, left-hemispheric dominance for articulation: a prospective study on acute ischaemic dysarthria at different localizations, doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awh708

http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/11/e012885.full. Bmj, dysarthria in individuals with parkinson's disease: a protocol for a binational, cross-sectional, case-controlled study in french and european portuguese (fralusopark)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/pmht0027115/. Pubmed, more research on dysarthria


Related topics

http://www.appstate.edu/~clarkhm/neuropages/screeningprotocol.htm. Dysarthria/apraxia screening

http://www.apraxia-kids.org/library/a-comparison-of-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-dysarthria-and-severe-phonological-disorder/. A comparison of childhood apraxia of speech, dysarthria, and severe phonological disorder

http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/searchresults?query=dysarthria. Merck manuals, more about dysarthria

http://www2.muw.edu/~mharmon/501ch7stg.html. Ataxic dysarthria


Other articles

http://www.strokeassociation.org/strokeorg/lifeafterstroke/regainingindependence/communicationchallenges/steps-to-improve-communication-for-survivors-with-dysarthria_ucm_310083_article.jsp#.wlaiig997iu. Steps to improve communication for survivors with dysarthria

http://www.healthline.com/symptom/speech-articulation-problems. What causes speech articulation problems? 12 possible conditions


Other helpful resources

http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/dysarthria/. American speech language hearing association

http://www.spectrumspeech.ie/dysarthria/. Spectrum speech

http://www.stroke-rehab.com/dysarthria.html. Stroke rehab


Videos

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xnokqsm1hti. Youtube, what is dysarthria? What does dysarthria mean? Dysarthria meaning, definition & explanation

http://www.stroke4carers.org/?p=5409. Stroke4carers, dysarthria

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3qrhffbezfw. Youtube, flaccid dysarthria

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/childhood-apraxia-of-speech/multimedia/childhood-apraxia-of-speech-and-other-disorders-phonologic-impairment-dysarthria/vid-20169128. Mayo clinic, differentiating childhood apraxia of speech (cas) from other types of speech sound disorders

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zigjwdyowa8. Youtube, dysarthria assessment

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=evgcbb8hqn8. Youtube, behavioral therapy techniques for dysarthria

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ddp6o1__wug. Youtube, treatment of hypokinetic dysarthria

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xrzugntovbe. Youtube, dysarthria treatment approach


Presentation/quiz/newspaper

https://www.slideshare.net/sivakumarari/dysarthria. Slideshare, dysarthria

https://www.slideshare.net/abinodavid/speech-disorders-13966727. Slideshare, speech disorders

https://prezi.com/dm1otu28qnau/dysarthria/. Prezi, dysarthria

https://prezi.com/fyitu7ak9gkg/ataxic-dysarthria/. Prezi, ataxic dysarthria

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