Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020

Craniopharyngioma is a type of brain tumor derived from pituitary gland embryonic tissue, that occurs most commonly in children but also in men and women in their 50s and 60s. People may present with bitemporal inferior quadrantanopia leading to bitemporal hemianopsia, as the tumor may compress the optic chiasm.

It has a point prevalence of approximately 2/100,000.

Craniopharyngiomas are also known as Rathke pouch tumors, hypophyseal duct tumors, or adamantinomas.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information: american brain tumor association craniopharyngioma medline plus craniopharyngioma craniopharyngioma john hopkins medical library craniopharyngioma craniopharyngioma mayoclinic craniopharyngioma newyork times craniopharyngioma university of maryland medical center craniopharyngioma kids health treatment of craniopharyngiomas


Advanced information: craniopharyngioma radiopedia craniopharyngioma oncolink all about craniopharyngioma craniopharyngioma - childhood patient craniopharyngioma craniopharyngioma pathology outlines craniopharyngioma


Research: review article front. Endocrinol., 14 october 2011 | hypothalamic obesity in patients with craniopharyngioma: profound changes of several weight regulatory circuits by christian l. Rothet al., zada g, kintz n, pulido m, amezcua l (2013) prevalence of neurobehavioral, social, and emotional dysfunction in patients treated for childhood craniopharyngioma: a systematic literature review. Plos one 8(11): e76562. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076562 review article front. Endocrinol., 28 november 2011 | long term sequelae of pediatric craniopharyngioma – literature review and 20 years of experience by michal cohen et al., alejandro enriquez-marulanda, melibea sierra-ruiz, luz maritza pabón, and javier lobato-polo, “intracavitary irradiation as a safe alternative for cystic craniopharyngiomas: case report and review of the literature,” case reports in medicine, vol. 2016, article id 3601395, 5 pages, 2016. Doi:10.1155/2016/3601395 obesity and craniopharyngioma by lorenzo iughetti et al., italian journal of pediatrics201137:38 doi: 10.1186/1824-7288-37-38 hermann l. Müller, “increased daytime sleepiness in patients with childhood craniopharyngioma and hypothalamic tumor involvement: review of the literature and perspectives,” international journal of endocrinology, vol. 2010, article id 519607, 7 pages, 2010. Doi:10.1155/2010/519607

Karmarkar v, deopujari c, shah r, luhana r. Supraorbital 'keyhole' approach for craniopharyngioma. J pediatr neurosci [serial online] 2006 [cited 2016 sep 22];1:56-9. Available from: mini review article front. Endocrinol., 14 may 2012 | stereotactic neurosurgical treatment options for craniopharyngioma by michael trippel and guido nikkhah

Vyas s, prabhakar n, tewari mk, radotra bd, khandelwal n. Hypothalamic glioma masquerading as craniopharyngioma. J neurosci rural pract [serial online] 2013 [cited 2016 sep 22];4:323-5. Available from:

Bajwa sj, kaur g. Endocrinopathies: the current and changing perspectives in anesthesia practice. Indian j endocr metab [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 sep 22];19:462-9. Available from:

Sankhla sk, jayashankar n, khan gm. Extended endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach for retrochiasmatic craniopharyngioma: surgical technique and results. J pediatr neurosci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2016 sep 22];10:308-16. Available from: review article front. Endocrinol., 27 march 2012 | intracystic therapies for cystic craniopharyngioma in childhood by ute bartels et al., metastatic craniopharyngioma by kanchan gupta et al., ajnr 1999 20: 1059-1060


Other helpful resources(support groups): the healing exchange brain trust


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Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles: quartz a tumor stole every memory i had. This is what happened when it all came back people alexis shapiro – 13-year-old who suffered from uncontrollable weight gain – begins brain tumor treatment daily mail teenager unknowingly lived with a brain tumour for six years after doctors diagnosed her headaches and tiredness as a cheese allergy

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