Angioplasty (or Balloon angioplasty) is an endovascular procedure to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins, typically to treat arterial atherosclerosis. An empty, collapsed balloon, known as a balloon catheter, is passed over a wire into the narrowed locations and then inflated to a fixed size. The balloon forces expansion of the stenosis (narrowing) within the vessel and the surrounding muscular wall, opening up the blood vessel for improved flow, and the balloon is then deflated and withdrawn. A stentmay or may not be inserted at the time of ballooning to ensure the vessel remains open.
The word is composed of the combining forms of the Greek words ???e??? aggayyon ‘vessel’/‘cavity’ (of the human body) and p??ss? plasso ‘form’/‘mould’. Angioplasty has come to include all manner of vascular interventions that are typically performed in aminimally-invasive or percutaneous method.
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), commonly known as coronary angioplasty is a therapeutic procedure to treat the stenotic(narrowed) coronary arteries of the heart found in coronary heart disease. These stenotic segments are due to the buildup of cholesterol-laden plaques that form due to atherosclerosis. PCI is usually performed by an interventional cardiologist.
Treatment with PCI for patients with stable coronary artery disease reduces chest pain, but does not reduce the risk of death, myocardial infarction, or other major cardiovascular events when added to optimal medical therapy.
We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.
http://iomcworld.com/ijcrimph/ijcrimph-v04-n01-02.htm khouri y, jain ska, serajian a, shaw m, zughaib m. Same-day discharge after percutaneous coronary intervention in light of the society for cardiovascular angiography and intervention's proposed guidelines: a single-center experience. International journal of collaborative research on internal medicine & public health. 2012; 4(1):14-22
http://memo.cgu.edu.tw/cgmj/3003/300305.pdf percutaneous transluminal angioplasty to left internal mammary artery grafts: immediate and long-term clinical outcomes by wei-chin hung, md et al., (chang gung med j 2007;30:235-41)