Last Reviewed : 12/25/2020

Coccidioidomycosis commonly known as cocci, "valley fever" as well as "California fever", "desert rheumatism" and "San Joaquin Valley fever" is a mammalian fungal disease caused by Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii. It is endemic in certain parts of Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, and northern Mexico.

Notable coccidioidomycosis signs and symptoms include a profound feeling of tiredness, fever, cough, headaches, rash, muscle pain, and joint pain. Fatigue can persist for many months after initial infection. The classic triad of coccidioidomycosis known as "desert rheumatism" includes the combination of fever, joint pains, and erythema nodosum.

Significant disease develops in less than 5% of those infected and typically occurs in those with a weakened immune system. Mild asymptomatic cases often do not require any treatment and the symptoms will go away within a few months. Those with severe symptoms may warrant anti-fungal therapy, which usually requires 3–6 months of treatment.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic Information:

Http://Emedicine.Medscape.Com/Article/215978-Overview. Emedscape. Coccidioidomycosis Author: Duane R Hospenthal, Md, Phd, Facp, Fidsa, Fastm Etal.

Http://Www.Msdmanuals.Com/Professional/Infectious-Diseases/Fungi/Coccidioidomycosis. Msd Manuals. Coccidioidomycosis, By Sanjay G. Revankar, Md, Jack D. Sobel, Md.

Http://Www.Medicinenet.Com/Valley_Fever/Article.Htm. Medicinenet.Com. Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis), Medical Author: Charles Patrick Davis, Md, Phd.

Http://Www.Mayoclinic.Org/Diseases-Conditions/Valley-Fever/Basics/Definition/Con-20027390. Mayo Clinic. Valley Fever.

Http://Www.Scielo.Br/Scielo.Php?Pid=S1806-37132009000900014&Script=Sci_Arttext&Tlng=En. Sciflo Brazil. Coccidioidomycosis By Antônio De Deus Filho, Adjunct Professor. Universidade Federal Do Piauí - Ufpi, Federal University Of Piauí - Teresina, Brazil.

Http://Www.Mdguidelines.Com/Coccidioidomycosis. Md Guidelines. Coccidioidomycosis.

Http://Www.Dovemed.Com/Diseases-Conditions/Disseminated-Coccidioidomycosis/. Dovemed. Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis, Oct. 14, 2015.


Advanced Information:

Http://Cid.Oxfordjournals.Org/Content/41/9/1217.Full. Cid (Clinical Infectious Diseases). Coccidioidomycosis By John N. Galgiani1, Neil M. Ampel, Janis E. Blair, Antonino Catanzaro, Royce H. Johnson, David A. Stevens And Paul L. Williams.

Http://Jcm.Asm.Org/Content/45/1/26.Short. Asm (American Society For Microbiology). Epidemiologic, Clinical, And Diagnostic Aspects Of Coccidioidomycosis By Michael A. Saubolle,Peter P. Mckellar And Den Sussland.

Http://Www.Atsjournals.Org/Doi/Full/10.1513/Annalsats.201308-286fr#.Vx_Mo9r95kg. Ats (American Thoracic Society). Update On The Diagnosis Of Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis By Joshua Malo, Carmen Luraschi-Monjagatta, Donna M. Wolk, R. Thompson, Chadi A. Hage, And Kenneth S. Knox.

Http://Www.Antimicrobe.Org/New/F03.Asp. Antimicrobe. Coccidioidomycosis.



Https://Clinicaltrials.Gov/Ct2/Show/Nct02190266. Clinical Trails .Gov. Pathogenesis And Genetics Of Disseminated Or Refractory Coccidioidomycosis.


Related Topics:

Http://Www.Healthline.Com/Health/Coccidioidomycosis-Acute-Pulmonary#Overview1. Healthline. Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis.

Http://Hivinsite.Ucsf.Edu/Insite?Page=Kb-05-02-04#S1x. Hiv Insite. Coccidioidomycosis In Hiv By Judith A. Aberg, Md, New York University.

Http://Pubs.Rsna.Org/Doi/Full/10.1148/Rg.344130134. Rsna Radiogrphics. Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis: Pictorial Review Of Chest Radiographic And Ct Findings By Cecilia M. Jude, Md Nita B. Nayak, Md Maitraya K. Patel, Md Monica Deshmukh, Md Poonam Batra, Md.

Http://Appliedradiology.Com/Articles/Imaging-Manifestations-Of-Primary-And-Disseminated-Coccidioidomycosis. Applied Radiology. Imaging Manifestations Of Primary And Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis By Nidhi A. Gupta, Md; Michael Iv, Md; Rajul P. Pandit, Md; And Mahesh R. Patel, Md.

Http://Www.Ajnr.Org/Content/20/9/1605.Full. American Journal Of Neuroradiology. Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis Complicated By Vasculitis: A Cause Of Fatal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage In Two Cases By William K. Erly Etal.

Http://Bmcinfectdis.Biomedcentral.Com/Articles/10.1186/1471-2334-6-26. Biomed Central. Combination Therapy Of Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis With Caspofungin And Fluconazole By Dae Won Park, Jang Wook Sohnemail Author, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim, Min Ja Kim, Je Hyeong Kim And Chol Shin, 2006.

Http://Www.Hindawi.Com/Journals/Crigm/2015/891910/. Hindawi. Coccidioidomycosis Masquerading As Eosinophilic Ascites By Kourosh Alavi, Pradeep R. Atla, Tahmina Haq, And Muhammad Y. Sheikh.

Http://Www.Shmabstracts.Com/Abstract/Coccidioidomycosis-Mimicking-Pelvic-Sarcoma/. Shm (Society Of Hospital Medicine). Coccidioidomycosis Mimicking Pelvic Sarcoma By K. O. Smitherman, M.D.; M. L. Ritter, M.D, Uc San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, Ca 2014.


Other Articles:

Http://Www.Medicalnewstoday.Com/Articles/189430.Php. Mnt (Medical News Today). What Is Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis)? What Causes Valley Fever?, Written By Christian Nordqvist. Wed 17 September 2014.

Http://Journals.Plos.Org/Plosmedicine/Article?Id=10.1371/Journal.Pmed.0020002. Plos. Coccidioidomycosis—A Fungal Disease Of The Americas By Richard F Hector, Rafael Laniado-Laborin ,Published: January 25, 2005.

Http://Www.Bcmj.Org/Articles/Textbook-Case-Coccidioidomycosis. Bc Medical Journal. A Textbook Case Of Coccidioidomycosis. Issue: Bcmj, Vol. 56, No. 6, July, August 2014, Page(S) 282-285 Articles
Jessica A. Otte, Md, Ccfp, Sandy G. Barlow, Md, Ccfp.

Http://Www.Sciencedirect.Com/Science/Article/Pii/S1027811710600341. Science Direct. Coccidioidomycosis With Cutaneous Manifestation Of Erythema Nodosum In Taiwan By Chien-Ming Chen, Hua-En Lee.

Http://Www.Hcplive.Com/Journals/Family-Practice-Recertification/2015/May2015/Teenage-Female-With-Chronic-Coccidioidomycosis-And-Left-Wrist-Pain. Md. Teenage Female With Chronic Coccidioidomycosis And Left Wrist Pain ,Jun 16, 2015 By James D. Collins, Md.

Http://Www.Swjpcc.Com/Pulmonary/2012/3/22/Treatment-Of-Coccidioidomycosis-Associated-Eosinophilic-Pneu.Html. Southwest Journal Of Pulmonary And Critical Care. Treatment Of Coccidioidomycosis-Associated Eosinophilic Pneumonia With Corticosteroids, Thursday, March 22, 2012 At 8:59am.

Http://Suncitywestindependent.Com/West-Valley/Valley-Fever-Cases-Maricopa-County/. Suncity West Independent. Valley Fever Cases Up In Maricopa County, Apr 26th, 2016 By Philip Haldiman.


Other Helpful Resources:

Http://Www.Cdc.Gov/Fungal/Diseases/Coccidioidomycosis/. Cdc (Center For Disease Control And Prevention). Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis).

Http://Www.Life-Worldwide.Org/Fungal-Diseases/Coccidioidomycosis. Life (Leading International Fungal Education). Coccidioidomycosis.

Http://Southernnevadahealthdistrict.Org/Health-Topics/Coccidioidomycosis.Php. Southern Nevada Health District. Coccidioidomycosis.

Http://Www.Doh.Wa.Gov/Forpublichealthandhealthcareproviders/Notifiableconditions/Coccidioidomycosis. Washington State Department Of Health. Coccidioidomycosis.

Http://Www.Lung.Org/Lung-Health-And-Diseases/Lung-Disease-Lookup/Coccidioidomycosis/Learn-About-Coccidioidomycosis.Html. American Lung Association. Coccidioidomycosis.



Http://Www.Cfsph.Iastate.Edu/Factsheets/Pdfs/Coccidioidomycosis.Pdf. Cfsph (The Center For Food Security And Public Health). Coccidioidomycosis.

Http://Www.Idsociety.Org/Uploadedfiles/Idsa/Guidelines-Patient_Care/Pdf_Library/Coccidioidomycosis.Pdf. Idsa (Infectious Disease Society Of America). Coccidioidomycosis.

Http://Www.Odh.Ohio.Gov/Pdf/Idcm/Coccid.Pdf. Ohio Department Of Health. Coccidioidomycosis.

Http://Medind.Nic.In/Iae/T06/I1/Iaet06i1p59.Pdf. Medind (National Database Of Indian Medical Journals). Coccidioidomycosis Presenting As A Massive Pleural Effusion In A Postpartum Woman By Louis Hamer And James Castillo.

Https://Www.Cdph.Ca.Gov/Programs/Ohb/Documents/Occcocci.Pdf. Cdph (Californian Depart Of Public Health). Occupational Coccidioidomycosis In California.

Http://Onlinelibrary.Wiley.Com/Doi/10.1002/Art.20454/Pdf. Online Library. Increased Risk Of Coccidioidomycosis In Patients Treated With Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Antagonists By Laurie Bergstrom Etal.


Related Videos

Https://Www.Youtube.Com/Watch?V=Tlevusywfss. Youtube. Coccidioidomycosis By Siri Cosper.

Please leave your comments:

Related Articles