Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020

Choledocholithiasis is the presence of gallstones in the common bile duct (thuscholedocho- + lithiasis). This condition causes jaundice and liver cell damage, and requires treatment by cholecystectomy and/or ERCP.


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Basic information: health linecholedocholithiasis newyork times cholidocholithiasis tfode cholidocholithiasis msd manuals (professional version) choledocholithiasis and cholangitis


Advanced information: radiopedia cholidocholithiasis: shake, rattle and stones my virtual medical center common bile duct stone (choledocholithiasis, cholangitis, obstructive jaundice) choledocholithiasis: evolving standards for diagnosis and management by marilee l freitas, robert l bell, andrew j duffy world j gastroenterol 2006 may 28; 12(20): 3162-3167 acute cholecystitis and choledocholithiasis by eric rellinger april 3, 2013 management of choledocholithiasis



El-halabi im. Spherocytosis presenting with choledocholithiasis in early childhood: a case report and review of the literature. Saudi j gastroenterol [serial online] 1999 [cited 2016 may 26];5:40-2. Available from: the clinical presentations of ectopic biliary drainage into duodenal bulbus and stomach with a thorough review of the current literature by ulku saritas,altug senol and yucel ustundag bmc gastroenterologybmc series ¿ open, inclusive and trusted201010:2

Doi: 10.1186/1471-230x-10-2 rev. Esp. Enferm. Dig. Vol.98 no.1 ene. 2006 original papers:laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients over 70 years of age: review of 176 cases by f. J. Pérez lara et al., spontaneous biliary tract perforations: an unusual cause of peritonitis in pregnancy. Report of two cases and review of literature by nikhil talwar et al., world journal of emergency surgery20061:21 doi: 10.1186/1749-7922-1-21 gallbladder agenesis diagnosed intra-operatively: a case report by sachin malde journal of medical case reports20104:285 doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-4-285

Sanai f m, al-karawi m a. Biliary ascariasis: report of a complicated case and literature review. Saudi j gastroenterol [serial online] 2007 [cited 2016 may 26];13:25-32. Available from: left hepatic lobe herniation through an incisional anterior abdominal wall hernia and right adrenal myelolipoma: a case report and review of the literature by carlos m nuño-guzmán et al., journal of medical case reports20126:4 doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-4

Abdelmajid k, houssem h, rafik g, mohamed s j, fehmi h. Open choldecho-enterostomy for common bile duct stones: is it out of date in laparo-endoscopic era?. North am j med sci [serial online] 2013 [cited 2016 may 26];5:288-92. Available from: mrcp compared to diagnostic ercp for diagnosis when biliary obstruction is suspected: a systematic review by eva c kaltenthaler et al bmc medical imagingbmc series ¿ open, inclusive and trusted20066:9 doi: 10.1186/1471-2342-6-9 diagnosis and management of choledocholithiasis in the golden age of imaging, endoscopy and laparoscopy by renato costi et al., world j gastroenterol. 2014 oct 7; 20(37): 13382–13401. combined endoscopic treatment for cholelithiasis associated with choledocholithiasis by g. Saccomani et al., surg endosc (2005) 19: 910–914


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