Chlamydia infection

Chlamydia infection

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Chlamydia infection

Chlamydia infection is a common sexually transmitted infection in humans caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The term Chlamydia infection can also refer to infection caused by any species belonging to the bacterial family Chlamydiaceae. C. trachomatis is found only in humans. Chlamydia is a major infectious cause of human genital and eye disease. Chlamydiaconjunctivitis or trachoma is a common cause of blindness worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that it accounted for 15% of blindness cases in 1995, but only 3.6% in 2002.

Chlamydia can be spread during vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. Between half and three-quarters of all women who have a chlamydial infection of the cervix have an inflamed cervix without symptoms and may not realize they are infected. In men, infection by C. trachomatis can lead to inflammation of the penile urethracausing a white discharge from the penis with or without a burning sensation during urination. Occasionally, the condition spreads to the upper genital tract in women (causing pelvic inflammatory disease) or to the epididymis in men (causing inflammation of the epididymis). C. trachomatis is naturally found living only inside human cells.

Chlamydia infection can be effectively cured with antibiotics. If left untreated, chlamydial infections can cause serious reproductive and other health problems with both short-term and long-term consequences. Research is ongoing in the prevention of this infection.

Chlamydia infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. In 2013 about 141 million cases occurred. In the United States about 1 million individuals are infected with chlamydia. The word chlamydia is from the Greek, ??aµ?da meaning "cloak".


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information: health line chlamydia e medicine chlamydia in women live science chlamydia: symptoms, treatment and prevention web md chlamydia mnt chlamydia: symptoms, diagnosis and treatments chlamydia human diseases and conditions chlamydial infections chlamydia (genital infection) mayo clinic complications net doctor chlamydia new york times chlamydial infections - male healthy chlamydia


Advanced information: cdc chlamydia medscape chlamydial genitourinary infections medline plus chlamydia infections patient chlamydial genital infection patient genital chlamydia manuals chlamydia std+ chlamydia chlamydia trachomatis infections: screening, diagnosis, and management am fam physician. 2012 dec 15;86(12):1127-1132. emedexpert antibiotics for chlamydia infection anti microbe chlamydia trachomatis dove med chlamydial infection in males news chlamydia infection pathophysiology's%20pdf%20file%20copies/cv1238.pdf immunity, vol. 19, 403–412, september, 2003, copyright ?2003 by cell press inhibition of chlamydial infectious activity due to p2x7r-dependent phospholipase d activation genital chlamydia infection in young people: a review of the evidence paediatric clerkship chlamydia of the newborn


Research: the prevalence of chlamydia trachomatis infection in australia: a systematic review and meta-analysis by dyani lewis et al., bmc infectious diseasesbmc series ¿ open, inclusive and trusted201212:113 doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-12-113

Pawate s, sriram s. The role of infections in the pathogenesis and course of multiple sclerosis. Ann indian acad neurol [serial online] 2010 [cited 2016 may 26];13:80-6. Available from: chlamydia psittaci in ocular adnexa malt lymphoma: a possible role in lymphomagenesis and a different geographical distribution by francesca collina et al.,infectious agents and cancer20127:8 doi: 10.1186/1750-9378-7-8 braz j infect dis vol.15 no.6 salvador nov./dec. 2011 original article:perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with chlamydial infection: a meta-analysis study by maria josé penna maisonnette de attayde silva et al., the association between lymphogranuloma venereum and hiv among men who have sex with men: systematic review and meta-analysis by minttu m rönn and helen ward bmc infectious diseasesbmc series ¿ open, inclusive and trusted201111:70 implementing chlamydia screening: what do women think? A systematic review of the literature by natasha l pavlin et al., bmc public healthbmc series ¿ open, inclusive and trusted20066:221 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-6-221 community-based trial of screening for chlamydia trachomatis to prevent pelvic inflammatory disease: the popi (prevention of pelvic infection) trial by pippa oakeshott et al., trials20089:73 doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-9-73 chlamydial conjunctivitis presenting as pre septal cellulitis by suzannah r drummond and charles jm diaper et al.,head & face medicine20073:16 doi: 10.1186/1746-160x-3-16

Malhotra m, sood s, mukherjee a, muralidhar s, bala m. Genital chlamydia trachomatis: an update . Indian j med res [serial online] 2013 [cited 2016 may 26];138:303-16. Available from: genital chlamydial infection in std patients: its relation to hiv infection by ag joyee, *sp thyagarajan, e v reddy, c venkatesan, m ganapathy indian journal of medical microbiology, (2005) 23 (1):37-40 advances in andrology
volume 2014 (2014), article id 307950, 11 pages review article:chlamydial infection and its role in male infertility by mary k. Samplaski et al., risk of sequelae after chlamydia trachomatisgenital infection in women by catherine l. Haggerty et al., j infect dis. (2010) 201(supplement 2): s134-s155.doi: 10.1086/652395 chlamydial infection in inducible nitric oxide synthase knockout mice by joseph u. Igietseme et al., infection and immunity,0019-9567/98/$04.0010 apr. 1998, p. 1282–1286 prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease by screening for cervical chlamydial infection by delia scholes et al., n engl j med 1996; 334:1362-1366may 23, 1996doi: 10.1056/nejm199605233342103 timing of progression from chlamydia trachomatisinfection to pelvic inflammatory disease: a mathematical modelling study by sereina a herzog et al., bmc infectious diseasesbmc series ¿ open, inclusive and trusted201212:187 doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-12-187 review article indian j med res 138, september 2013, pp 303-316 genital chlamydia trachomatis: an update by meenakshi malhotra et al., association of chlamydial infection with cerebrovascular disease by martin l.j. Wimmer, md stroke.1996; 27: 2207-2210doi: 10.1161/01.str.27.12.2207


Other articles: merck vet manuals overview of chlamydial conjunctivitis chlamydial infections in birds and animals by p timms avian bio chlamydia psittaci


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