chikungunya-fever
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Chikungunya fever

Chikungunya fever

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Chikungunya fever

Chikungunya (Makonde for "that which bends up") is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus. The disease features the sudden onset of fever two to four days after exposure. The fever usually lasts two to seven days, while accompanying joint pains typically last weeks or months but sometimes years. The mortality rate is a little less than 1 in 1,000; the elderly or those with underlying chronic medical problems are most likely to have severe complications.

The virus is passed to humans by two species of mosquito of the genus Aedes: A. albopictus and A. aegypti. Animal reservoirs of the virus include monkeys, birds, cattle, and rodents. This is in contrast to dengue, for which primates are the only hosts. Since 2004, the disease has occurred in outbreaks in Asia, Europe and the Americas.

The best means of prevention is overall mosquito control and the avoidance of bites by mosquitoes in areas where the disease is common. This may be partly achieved with the use of mosquito nets. No specific treatment is known, but supportive care is recommended, including rest, fluids, and medications to reduce fever and joint pain.

 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/symptoms/ symptoms, diagnosis, & treatment

http://www.mayoclinic.org/what-is-chikungunya-fever/expert-answers/faq-20109686 what is chikungunya fever? Should i be worried about traveling with my family?

http://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public+content/sa+health+internet/health+topics/health+conditions+prevention+and+treatment/infectious+diseases/chikungunya+viruschikungunya virus - including symptoms, treatment and prevention

http://www.medicinenet.com/chikungunya_virus_infection/article.htm chikungunya virus

http://www.webmd.com/news/20140617/chikungunya-virus-questions-answers chikungunya: questions and answers

http://www.topranilabs.com/library/chikungunya.htm chikungunya fever fact sheet

http://www.news-medical.net/health/what-is-chikungunya.aspx what is chikungunya?

http://www.dermnetnz.org/viral/chikungunya.html chikungunya

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/chikungunya.html chikungunya

http://www.healthline.com/health-news/chikungunya-likely-in-united-states-050714 chikungunya virus outbreak likely in the u.s., say experts

 

Advanced information:

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs327/en/ chikungunya fact sheet updated april 2016

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2225687-overview chikungunya fever

http://patient.info/doctor/chikungunya-fever-pro chikungunya fever

http://www.britannica.com/science/chikungunya-fever chikungunya fever

http://www.chikungunya.in/ chikungunya fever guide

http://medind.nic.in/jac/t07/i2/jact07i2p164.pdf chikungunya fever by ashok swaroop et al., journal, indian academy of clinical medicine ? Vol. 8, no. 2 ? April-june, 2007

http://dme.ap.nic.in/vt/health_topics/chikungunya%20fever.pdf chikungunya fever

https://www.cityofgainesville.org/portals/0/pw/mosquito%20control/chikungunya%20update.pdf chikungunya- a new mosquito-borne disease

 

Research:

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0074-02762013000900011&lng=en&tlng=en mem. Inst. Oswaldo cruz vol.108 supl.1 rio de janeiro 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0074-0276130395 articles:history of domestication and spread of aedes aegypti - a review by jeffrey r powell , walter j tabachnick

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0037-86822014000600677&lng=en&tlng=en rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. Vol.47 no.6 uberaba nov./dec. 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0246-2014 review article:emerging alphaviruses in the americas: chikungunya and mayaro by mario luis garcia de figueiredo , luiz tadeu moraes figueiredo

Khairallah m, jelliti b, jenzeri s. Emergent infectious uveitis. Middle east afr j ophthalmol [serial online] 2009 [cited 2016 may 19];16:225-38. Available from: http://www.meajo.org/text.asp?2009/16/4/225/58426

http://f1000research.com/articles/5-82/v1 petersen lr and powers am. Chikungunya: epidemiology [version 1; referees: 2 approved].f1000research 2016, 5(f1000 faculty rev):82 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.7171.1)

http://ojs.wpro.who.int/ojs/index.php/wpsar/article/view/303/518 ballera je et al. Risk factors from a chikungunya fever outbreak in laguna, philippines, 2012. Western pacific surveillance and response journal, 2015, 6(3). Doi:10.5365/wpsar.2015.6.1.006

http://www.ijcsi.org/papers/ijcsi-8-6-3-322-328.pdf a review of data mining classification techniques applied for diagnosis and prognosis of the arbovirus-dengue by a.shameem fathima et al., ijcsi international journal of computer science issues, vol. 8, issue 6, no 3, november 2011

Bandyopadhyay d. Dengue and chikungunya fever: resurgent viral infections with prominent mucocutaneous features. Indian j dermatol [serial online] 2010 [cited 2016 may 19];55:53. Available from: http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2010/55/1/53/60354

Ahmad n. Chikungunya fever - epidemic in rural maharashtra. Indian j community med [serial online] 2009 [cited 2016 may 19];34:372-4. Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2009/34/4/372/58409

http://www.jebmh.com/data_pdf/15%20-%20uma.pdf b. Arunasree, prasad uma, b. Rajsekhar. ”epidemiology of chikungunya fever in srikakulam district”. Journal of evidence based medicine and healthcare; volume 2, issue 19, may 11, 2015; page: 2931-2935. J of evidence based med & hlthcare, pissn- 2349-2562, eissn- 2349-2570/ vol. 2/issue 19/may 11, 2015

http://ojs.wpro.who.int/ojs/index.php/wpsar/article/view/192/252 chanthavy s et al. Emergence of chikungunya in moonlapamok and khong districts, champassak province, the lao people’s democratic republic, may to september 2012.western pacific surveillance and response journal, 2013, 4(1):46–50. Doi:10.5365/wpsar.2012.3.4.017

Chhabra m, mittal v, bhattacharya d, rana u, lal s. Chikungunya fever: a re-emerging viral infection. Indian j med microbiol [serial online] 2008 [cited 2016 may 22];26:5-12. Available from: http://www.ijmm.org/text.asp?2008/26/1/5/38850

http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/49/6/942.full chikungunya fever: an epidemiological review of a re-emerging infectious disease by j. Erin staples et al clin infect dis. (2009) 49 (6):942-948.doi: 10.1086/605496

http://www.akspublication.com/paper02_jan-jun2008.htm ramchurn sk, goorah ssd, mungla d, ramsurrun b, pydiah v, summun a. A study of the 2006 chikungunya epidemic outbreak in mauritius. Internet journal of medical update 2008 jan-jun;3(1):11-21

Chandak nh, kashyap rs, kabra d, karandikar p, saha ss, morey sh, purohit hj, taori gm, daginawala hf. Neurological complications of chikungunya virus infection. Neurol india [serial online] 2009 [cited 2016 may 23];57:177-80. Available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2009/57/2/177/51289

http://joii-journal.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/1869-5760-3-35 chikungunya and the eye: a review by padmamalini mahendradas,kavitha avadhani and rohit shetty journal of ophthalmic inflammation and infection20133:35 doi: 10.1186/1869-5760-3-35

http://icmr.nic.in/ijmr/2012/march/0312.pdf retrospective study of chikungunya outbreak in urban areas of india by b.n. Nagpal et al., indian j med res 135, march 2012, pp 351-358

http://currents.plos.org/outbreaks/article/epidemiology-of-chikungunya-virus-in-bahia-brazil-2014-2015/ rodrigues faria n, lourenço j, marques de cerqueira e, maia de lima m, pybus o, carlos junior alcantara l. Epidemiology of chikungunya virus in bahia, brazil, 2014-2015. Plos currents outbreaks. 2016 feb 1 . Edition 1. Doi: 10.1371/currents.outbreaks.c97507e3e48efb946401755d468c28b2.

Wadia r s. A neurotropic virus (chikungunya) and a neuropathic aminoacid (homocysteine). Ann indian acad neurol [serial online] 2007 [cited 2016 may 23];10:198-213. Available from: http://www.annalsofian.org/text.asp?2007/10/4/198/37812

http://www.jidc.org/index.php/journal/article/viewfile/24916880/1092 first report of chikungunya virus infection in nepal by sher bahadur pun, anup bastola, rajesh shah j infect dev ctries 2014; 8(6):790-792. Doi:10.3855/jidc.3701

http://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12916-015-0348-x emergence and potential for spread of chikungunya virus in brazil by marcio roberto teixeira nunes et al., bmc medicine201513:102 doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0348-x

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0037-86822014000600677 rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. Vol.47 no.6 uberaba nov./dec. 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0246-2014 review article:emerging alphaviruses in the americas: chikungunya and mayaro by mario luis garcia de figueiredo, luiz tadeu moraes figueiredo

http://ijhbr.com/pdf/april%202015%20117-123.pdf dengue and chikungunya co-infection associated with more severe clinical disease than mono-infection by bhooshan s. Gandhi et al., international j. Of healthcare and biomedical research, volume: 03, issue: 03, april 2015, pages 117-123

http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jdms/papers/vol3-issue6/i0364445.pdf chikungunya- a diabetogenic stress. By dr. M. Ramakrishnan iosr journal of dental and medical sciences (iosr-jdms) issn: 2279-0853, isbn: 2279-0861. Volume 3, issue 6 (jan.- feb. 2013), pp 44-45

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2015/834371/ biomed research international
volume 2015 (2015), article id 834371, 8 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/834371 review article:diagnostic options and challenges for dengue and chikungunya viruses by stacey k. Mardekian and amity l. Roberts

 

Other articles:

http://treatment.hpathy.com/homeo-medicine/homeopathy-chikungunya/ hpathy homeopathy for chikungunya

http://www.ccras.nic.in/traning_module/6.%20management%20of%20chikungunya%20through%20ayurveda%20and%20siddha-a%20technical%20report.pdf management of chikungunya through ayurveda and siddha a technical report

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k2kuwscfimc chikungunya: the virus that "bends up"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x1_jp2xjrco virus chikungunya

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rnx_s0stzcm chikungunya: the mosquito-borne virus explained

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uo_f_m8w6gi mosquito-borne chikungunya virus spreading in us

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/pune/maharashtra-wakes-up-to-chikungunya-threat-pune-reports-highest-no-of-cases/ the indian express maharashtra wakes up to chikungunya threat; pune reports highest no. Of cases nine new cases detected in the city on wednesday alone.

http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/mosquito-borne-chikungunya-virus-likely-to-reach-mexico-health-ministry-679956ndtv mosquito-borne chikungunya virus likely to reach mexico: health ministry updated: october 16, 2014 06:25 ist

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/take-precautions-against-dengue-chikungunya/article7510367.ecethe hindu ‘take precautions against dengue, chikungunya’

http://www.hindustantimes.com/health-and-fitness/india-s-dengue-chikungunya-cases-far-higher-than-reported-study/story-0j2jfuhtr1zpdxigiwkfmj.html hindustan times india's dengue, chikungunya cases far higher than reported: study by sanchita sharma, hindustan times, new delhi updated: jul 17, 2015 15:29 ist

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-28123674 sharp rise of chikungunya virus cases in the caribbean

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